m. bef 1631
Facts and Events
Arrival in New England
Adam Hawkes has been said to have emigrated with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, but there is no proof and he is not listed on any usual passenger lists. Great Migration finds his wife (and presumably him) in Charlestown being admitted to the church there. He was at Lynn by 1636, and received a good-sized land grant (100 acres) there in 1638 for his contributions to the settlement.
Lynn Iron Works
Lewis says: "...Adam Hawkes was a farmer, and settled on the Hawkes Farms in Saugus. He owned the land where the iron ore was found, and filled up one of the mines, on the supposition that it contained silver. Soon after his settlement, his house was burnt. The only persons in it at the time, were a servant girl and two twin infants, who escaped... Adam was granted "upland, 100" acres in the 1638 land distribution. This became known as the Hawkes Farm. The area of Adam's farm is now located in North Saugus, Essex co., MA. He owned the land where the iron ore was found which led to the founding of the Saugus Iron Works.
The Iron Works was founded in 1643 on "land purchased of Thomas Hudson...erected on the western banks of the Saugus River..." The Iron Works expanded between 1643 and 1646, causing conflict with the Hawkes family over flooding. In 1652, "Mr. Gifford this year increased the height of the dam at the Iron Works, by which ten acres of Mr. Hawkes's [sic] land were flowed; for which he agreed to give 16 loads of hay yearly , and 200 cords of wood. Afterward he agreed to give him ?7, 'which ends all, except that 10s. is to be given him yearly.' By this agreement the water was to be so kept 'that it may not ascend the top of the upper floodgates in the pond higher than within a foot and a halfe of the top of the great Rock that lies in the middle of the pond before the gates.'..."
In June 1660, Adam sued Oliver Purchis (as agent for the Iron Company) because water from the Iron Works' dam had once again overflowed his land. "The deposition of Joseph Jenks, senior, saith, that having conference with adam hawkes about the great dam at the Iron works at Lin, he complayned that he suffered great damage by the water flowing his ground. I answered him, I though you had satisfaction for all from the old companie, he said he had from the old company, and further saith not." "This, I Charles Phillopes do testifie, that I, keepeing of the watter at the Irone Workes, since Mr. Porchase came there, Mr. Porchas did att all times charges me to keepe the watter Lowe, that it might not damage Mr. Hawkes, which I did, and had much ill will of the workmen for the same." Others testified that the lands had been much overflowed. Francis Hutchinson said, that the water had been raised so high, that the bridge before Mr. Hawkes' house had severeal times been broken up, and 'the peces of tember raised up and Made Sweme.' Joh Knight and Thomas Wellman were appointed to ascertain the damamge. They stated that the corn had been 'Much Spoilled,' and the wells 'sometimes ffloted;' that the English grass had been much damaged, and the tobacco lands much injured, 'in laying them so Coulld.' They judged the damage to be 'the ualloation of ten pounds a yeere.'..." The problems between the Hawkes family & the Iron Works continued into his son John's lifetime; John eventually arranged for the Works' dam destruction in 1683.
Inventory of the estate of Mr. Adam Hawks taken Mar. 18, 1671/2 by Thomas Newhall and Jeremiah Sweyen: - in wearing Aparrill, 5li. 17s. - a bedsteed, fetherbed, 2 fether pilows, Flock bed, on blanket, sheetts, curtins, vallenc and one Imbroadered coverlid, 14li. - bedsteed and beding belonging to it, 2li. 10s. - one other bed and bedsteed, 3li. - bras and pewter, 3li., 14s. - Iron potts and kettells, one pare of Andirons, __ - pare of trambrells, tow par of pott hoks, one cast backe, on friing pan, one pare of stilliards, one spitt, 5li., 7s. - two croscut saws, one sith, one sikell, thre Axces, to par of Hoks, one Axtre pin, on sledg and ould Iron, 1li., 11s. - tow muskits, tow small fflowlling pes, two Rest heads, 3li., 15s. - thre swords, one wachbill, on ould belt, one pistell and one Drum, 2li., 13s. - one Table, six Joyn stools, 2li., 8s. - a pare of banddilars, milk vesells, sivs, 14s. - a peas of black cloth, 1li. 6s. - cart wheells, plow and yoks, chayns, clevis and pin, beatell, tow weges, one forke and part of a cart Roop, 5li., 18s. - fouer oxcen, 21li. - seven cows with tow sucking calfs, 24li., 10s - one tow yearling and tow yearlings, 4li., 5s. - tow Horses and tow mares, 17li. - sixten swyn one with another, 9li. - sadell and pillion, 15s. - loking glass and baskett, 7s. - tobakow and ould caske, 18s. - The Dwelling Hows and barne, 120li. - about nyn Hundred of boards, a stoke of bees, 2li., 16s. - five hundred and ffivty akers of land, 550li. - fouer Akers of upland, 2li. total, 817li., 11s. credit to the Estatt, 1li., 15s. Debts from the Esstat, 46li., 14s.
Administration on the estate of Adam Haukes of Lynn was granted to John Hauks of Lynn, and certain articles of agreement were allowed. He was to give to his mother Mrs. Sarah Hauks, nine score acres of upland in Lynn, not joining to the farm, eight acres of medow in the great meadow, and one third of all the moveables; to Sarah Hauks, her daughter, four score and ten pounds, to be paid five pounds every two years until forty pounds is paid, and the fifty pounds at age or marriage; if she should die before said time to be paid to the widow, Sarah Hauks, all to be paid in corn or cattle; to Moses Hauks, son of John Hauks by Rebeckah Hauks, daughter of Mr. Moses Mavericke, as a legacy from his grandfather, Mr. Adam Hauks, one half of that farm in Lynn which the said Hauks lived and died upon, only for the housing, to pay the value thereof if he pleases, at age, and if he should die before, the estate to go t his father John Hauks and his children; to Mr. William Cogswell for his wife, four score and ten pounds, to be paid ten pounds yearly, in corn, cattle or goods, to be made in two payments within two years; to Samuell Huchisson, Thomas Huchisson, Edward Huchisson and Elizabeth Hart, five pounds each, within twelve months time, in corn or cattle; all the residue to John Hauks.
Signed March 27, 1672, by Sarah (her X mark) Hauks, Francis Hutchinson, Moses Mavericke, John Hauks, William Cogswell.