Pequea Creek Cowans

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Related

Interpreting a Similarity Matrix
Eschleman's Tax Assessments for Pequea Township, Lancaster County, 1720-1726
The British Origins of the Pequea Valley Cowans
Salisbury Township Warrant Map
Severing the Chester County, PA Cowans from the Lancaster County, PA Cowans
Pequea Creek Cowan's in the Carolina's
person:David Cowan (18) The Immigrant Ancestor
Person:David Cowan (15) Son of David (18)
Person:David Cowan (14) Son of David (15)
Person:John Cowan (39) Son of David (18)
person:William Cowan (28) Son of David (18)
Person:Henry Cowan (7) Brother? of David (18)
Person:Henry Cowan, Jr. (8) The Middletown Murder of 1768
Visiting Pequea Creek Cowans if you are visiting the Pequea Creek area and interested in the Cowans....

Overview

According to Source:Fleming, 1971 four brothers came from County Down Ireland to Chester and Lancaster County, Pennsylvania about 1720. Based on the fact that they appear to have been married adults when they arrived in America, we may guess that they were probably born c.1690. While we have no direct evidence for them coming from County Down, Cowan YDNA Project test results show that decendants of three of the "brothers" are closely related to several lines of Cowans presently living in the border area of Scotland and England. Some of these "Borderer Cowans" have traced their lineage to the Cheviot Hills region of Northumberland. [1] The working belief is that the Borderer lines and the Pequea Creek lines share a common patriarch born before 1690. [2]
"College Valley in the Cheviot Hills.  The spectacularly beautiful valley is owned and managed by College Valley Estates under a trust created by Sir James Knott MP.  The Estate covers approximately 12,000 acres (49 km2) and is to manage to "increase its value as an environmental, social and economic place of excellence". From:Wikipedia, Cheviot Hills.
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"College Valley in the Cheviot Hills. The spectacularly beautiful valley is owned and managed by College Valley Estates under a trust created by Sir James Knott MP. The Estate covers approximately 12,000 acres (49 km2) and is to manage to "increase its value as an environmental, social and economic place of excellence". From:Wikipedia, Cheviot Hills.
The Pequea Creek Cowans, David, John, and William, and their father David, probably entered Pequea Creek Valley prior to 1721 when they begin to appear in Pequea Township tax records. The three brothers settled adjacent to each other on Pequea Creek in what is now Lancaster County. (See: Severing the Chester County, PA Cowans from the Lancaster County, PA Cowans for a discussion of why Hugh Cowan, Flemings Fourth Brother, is not considered to be part of the Pequea Creek Cowans).
John Cowan settled along the western edge of Salisbury Township, Lancaster County, PA, sometime before 1722 when John appears on the local tax assessment. He owned two adjacent parcels (pale green in above map), located between the property owned by his brothers. [3] William, does not appear in the tax records, but acquires property adjacent John and David by 1734.Henry Cowan had appeared in appeared in this same area by 1718, but his relationship to the better documented Cowan's in the area is unknown. He dissappears from the tax records by 1722, and is last mentioned as a founder of St. Johns Episcopal Church in 1730. The property of the three brothers lay along the western edge of Salisbury Township in Lancaster County, PA, in the northern portion of the Pequea Creek Valley. (See: Salisbury Township Warrant Map).
Modern Amish farmstead on 1734 land grant to John Cowan, Salisbury Township, Lancaster County, PA
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Modern Amish farmstead on 1734 land grant to John Cowan, Salisbury Township, Lancaster County, PA
18th Century Cowan Land Warrants of Salisbury Township, Lancaster Co PA.  Click on image for greater detail.
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18th Century Cowan Land Warrants of Salisbury Township, Lancaster Co PA. Click on image for greater detail.

Beginning about 1750 many members of this line began to leave the area. Most went to Rowan County North Carolina, but a few relocated to Kentucky during and immediately after the Revolution. The family composition and dispersion is roughly shown in the following diagram. Henry is shown as a possible kinsman to the three brothers. There is evidence to suggest that some of the lines that are present in Rowan County after 1750, and match the Pequea Creek line, are in fact his descendants.

Similarity

37+ Marker Kits

Comparison of YDNA similarity (expressed as percent dissimilarity) for Pequea Creek Cowan Group, N=37+ markers.

Mutation-rate weighted similarity analysis shows a large core of very similar kits belonging to persons who of trace descent to John Cowan=Elizabeth, considered to be the Patriarch of the American branch of the family. Some kits trace their ancestry to persons who remained in Great Britain when the Patriarch of the American line immigrated to America. The British Branch presumably shares a common ancestor with the American Branch.

The owners of some of the close matching kits trace their ancestry to someone who remained in Scotland. That implies that the common Patriarch of the entire group probably lived in Scotland sometime before 1720.

12 and 25 Marker Kits A number of kits tested at fewer than 37 markers. In general, tests at less than 37 markers are not considered reliable. While these kits generally show good similarity with the 37+ kits, their exact relationship with these kits is not clear.

The following image shows the relationship between all kits in the Pequea Creek Group, including the results for kits based on 12 or 25 markers. The added kits are highlighted in green. A 37 marker kit that matches only a single 12 marker kit, is highlighted in purple. The two non-surname matches are highlighted in rose.

Note in particular how clearly Kit 79473 is isolated from most of the Pequea Creek Group, despite the fact that it is a 37-marker kit. The only justification for its inclusion in this group is the fact that it matches (distantly) a single 12-marker kit, that otherwise matches well with the other Pequea Creek kits. It is likely that kit 79473 is unrelated to the Pequea Creek group, though it fits with no other group any better. While it seems likely that the 12 and 25-marker kits shown here are in fact related to the unknown Pequea Creek Patriarch, it is also possible that if these kits were expanded, their relatively close match would break down.

Non-Surname Matches Kits 250602 and 134213 both tested at 67 markers, and give good to reasonably good non-surname matches with the Pequea Creek Group.
Kit 250602, is a recent addition to the project, tracing descent to a Joseph Bonnington, 1764-1802. It shows a particularly close match with the core Pequea Creek kits (<1% dissimilarity in mutation rate weight dissimilarity, shown in dark orange, in the above diagram). It remains to be seen "how close is close enough" for non-surname matches to be considered as sharing a relatively recent common ancestor. However, if the YDNA for two kits differ from each other by less than 1%, DON'T, share a common ancestor, it would be difficult to see how YDNA testing could be useful for identifying a common ancestor in non-surname matches.
Kit 134213 traces descent from Henry Rowley (1595-1673), one of the Pilgrim fathers, coming to the New World by 1632. [4] It also matches relatively closely (minimum dissimilarity of 3.0% with the core Pequea Creek kits. This two has to be seen as an indication that a relatively recent common ancestor is shared, but again, we are not certain "how close is close enough" in non surname matches. If this kit does indeed share a common Patriarch with the Pequea Creek Group, then it would be particularly interesting. The existing WeRelate article shows him being born in Duxbury, Lancashire, England, near Crowley, where a Standish family lived; that area of Lancashire is sometimes identified as the place of birth of Miles Standish, one of the pilgrim founding fathers. [5] If he shares a common ancestor with the other Pequea Creek kits, then that ancestor lived prior to 1595. We might guess that ancestor was also living in the Border area of Scotland and England, a view consistent with the data-based belief that the ancestors of the Pequea Creek Cowans came from that area. In this instance, that would imply that Henry (or perhaps his father, grandfather, etc) migrated from the Borders to Lancaster. It would be most interesting to see if there was documentary evidence of such a migration.

Index

The following provides an index to WeRelate articles about specific persons identify by various kit owners as their eldest known ancestor. Lineage data has been supplemented with information based on publicly available information about the particular individual.

Members of the American Branch of the familymembers of the Borderer Branch of the FamilyNon Surname Match

*Indicates a subscriber to the CowanShortList, For more information about the ShortList, see Q

KitLineage WeRelate*BirthDeathMarriageSpouseFatherMotherSonNotes
79473 This kit matches 99544 at about 10.8% dissimilarity, and matches no other kit at the criteria used. Kit 9954, however, matches well with other members of the Pequea Creek Group. Its match with 79473 is the basis for including the latter kit in the Pequea Creek Group. However, given the fact that Kit 99544 tested at 12 markers, its similarity to 79473 makes it doubtful that the latter kit shares a relatively recent common ancestor with the main body of Pequea Creek kits.
*99544 This 12 marker kit matches other members of the Pequea Creek group, at dissimilarities ranging from 0 to more than 14.5% dissimilarity. It probably shares a relatively recent common ancestor with the other pequea creek kits, but because of the low number of markers tested, there is considerable uncertainty about this conclusion.
*45875 Immigrant John Cowan=Elizabeth, thru son Wm. Person:John Cowan (39)c1690c1659ElizabethPerson:David Cowan (18)-WilliamBelieved to be the son of person:David Cowan (18), the Patriarch, settled Pequea Creek
35621 Insufficient data to localize; This 37 marker kit matches other members of the Pequea Creek group, at dissimilarities ranging from 0 to more than 9.2% dissimilarity. It probably shares a relatively recent common ancestor with the other Pequea Creek kits
*26699 Immigrant John Cowan=Elizabeth, thru son Wm. Person:John Cowan (39)c1690c1659ElizabethPerson:David Cowan (18)-WilliamBelieved to be the son of person:David Cowan (18), the Patriarch, settled Pequea Creek
112002 Joseph Skiles Cowan person:Joseph Cowan (5)17771846Jane GrahamJohn Cowan?The relationship between John Cowan the father and David Cowan (18), the Patriarch is unknown at this time. He may be a son of Henry Cowan
102548 Insufficient data to localize
*131374 Insufficient data to localize
*79370 Immigrant John Cowan=Elizabeth, thru son Wm. Person:John Cowan (39)c1690c1659ElizabethPerson:David Cowan (18)-WilliamBelieved to be the son of person:David Cowan (18), the Patriarch, settled Pequea Creek
18577 Joseph Skiles Cowan b1777, d1846) person:Joseph Cowan (5)17771846Jane GrahamJohn Cowan?The relationship between John Cowan the father and David Cowan (18), the Patriarch is unknown at this time. He may be a son of Henry Cowan
*212331 John J Cowan b. 1813 TN d. 1865 Person:John Cowan (89) 18131865, Rienzi MS1836 or 1838 Rienzi MSElizabeth A.John W. CowanMary Ann WilsonAncestry Public Member Trees identify John J. as the grandson of William, son of JOhn (18).
57011 Joseph Skiles Cowan b1777, d1846) person:Joseph Cowan (5)17771846Jane GrahamJohn Cowan?The relationship between John Cowan the father and David Cowan (18), the Patriarch is unknown at this time. He may be a son of Henry Cowan
*11152 James Cowan, Selkirkshire, Scotland Insufficient data to localize; there are a half dozen or so James Cowan's of Selkirkshire in Ancestry listings, with DOB's ranging from 1725 to-1904
*130149 John Cowings 1720 Ryton, Gateshead, Durham, Engl. Person:John Cowings (1)1720 Ryton, Gateshead, Durham, England-1774, Ryton, DurhamAnn WeatherbyThomas Cowings??See: Ancestry Public Member Trees. Ryton is just to the south of Northumberland believed to be where the Pequea Creek Cowans originated.
124205 Insufficient data to localize
*77219 Christopher Cowan - Rowan/Iredell Co, NC Insufficient data to localize
7375 Immigrant John Cowan=Elizabeth, thru son Henry Person:John Cowan (39)c1690c1659ElizabethPerson:David Cowan (18)-HenryBelieved to be the son of person:David Cowan (18), the Patriarch, settled Pequea Creek;
*134213 Henry Rowley, b1595, d1673 London Middlesex person:Henry Rowley (2)1595/98
Duxbury, Co. England or
Bennington, Hertfordshire, England
1693, Falmouth Massachusetts1624Sarah Ann Palmer?-Different persons are given as his father in Ancestry Public Member Trees. Identified in some trees as having come "from England in the ship "Charles," arriving at Boston, Mass., Jannary 5, 1632 with sons, Moses & Henry" Connection to the Cowans not obvious. Possibly an NPE issue. Shows a dissimilarity with the modal value of the Pequea Creek Cowans of about 4.5%, indicating a moderately close relationship.
250602 Joseph Bonnington, 1764-1802 Insufficient data to localize
111641 Insufficient data to localize
180975 Insufficient data to localize
14156 Immigrant John Cowan=Elizabeth, thru son John Person:John Cowan (39)c1690c1659ElizabethPerson:David Cowan (18)-JohnBelieved to be the son of person:David Cowan (18), the Patriarch, settled Pequea Creek
*83960 Scotland Insufficient data to localize
86584 Alexander Cowan b 1769 East Lothian, Scotland 1769East Lothian, Scotland Insufficient data to localize. Probably Alexander Cowan
birth: 3 January 1769
christening: 6 January 1769 , OLDHAMSTOCKS, EAST LOTHIAN, SCOTLAND
residence: 1769 Oldhamstocks, East Lothian, Scotland
father: Peter Cowan
mother: Elisabeth Crow

From:Family Search
<BFR> May be related/same as "Alexander Cowan born c1765 in Whittinghame. According to the familysearch website there is an Alexander Cowan baptised in Haddington in 1764. His parents were William Cowan and Katherine Russell. Cowan Ancestry Board

*89718 Insufficient data to localize
*6176 [New Kit] Insufficient data to localize

Person articles in Red Font have not yet been created.

Footnotes

  1. See:The British Origins of the Pequea Valley Cowans
  2. Documentary evidence suggests that Hugh Cowan (4) (Flemings fourth brother) did not share a direct male line ancestor with the three brothers who settled next to each other on Pequea Creek, though he may have been related to them by marriage. YDNA evidence, though not as strong as we would like, also suggests that Hugh was not related to the three brothers on Pequea Creek through a common male line Patriarch living in or near Northumberland County, Scotland.
  3. See Eschleman's Tax Assessments for Pequea Township, Lancaster County, 1720-1726.
  4. He initially set sail with the other Pilgrim fathers in 1620, but sailed on the Speedwell, which proved unseaworthy and turned back. He is believed to come some what later, arriving in 1632. See:Henry Rowley (1595-1673)
  5. See PErson:Miles Standish (2)