Notebook:Archibald Buchanan


Information harvested from the web, from sources that do not show the underlying original sources. These data represent useful clues as to Archibalds life, but the undelrying sources need to be pinned down.

person:Archibald Buchanan (1)

Data ElementComment
Enlisted 17 July 1755 in a company of Rangers commanded by Capt. William Preston and Lieutenants Audley Paul and David Robinson, Age 27, height 5 feet 7 inches. This would give a DOB of 1728, as is commonly cited. Source Needed as it could confirm this DOB
In 1754 -56 he was a soldier in the French and Indian War as a sub-altern under Co1. William Preston.Crozier shows his participation as a Sergeant in 1755. Need Source for role as a subaltern.
He was granted land for services in the French and Indian War. SA 1415 Crozier notes war service, SA1415 may be a warrant number

He moved in 1783 from the Plaster Cove to the Clover Bottom Farm near Donelson, Tenn., and took up his grants there.He had a grant of 100 acres and possibly of 2000 acres. At that time that area was under the control of the State of North Carolina "Plaster Cove" is probably a reference to "Plasterco" a community in Locust Creek Cove in modern Smyth. Its possible he earned additonal grants for service in Revolution though the 1783 date is too early for NC warrants. I've seen no evidence that he served in Revolution. The deed indicates that he paid for the land, suggesting that it was not a grant in the same sense that he received land for his F&I service. Data is needed to clearly link this Archibald with the Archibald of SWVA. One intermediate source cites (Gordon Aronhime Papers, Southwest Virginia Card File, Card 1, Electronic Card Indexes,

University of Virginia) for this information

State of North Carolina No. 583. To all to whom these presents shall cause greeting. Know ye that we for and in consideration of the sum of ten pounds foe every hundred acres hereby granted paid into our treasury by Archibald Bucchanan, have given and granted and by these presents do give and grant unto Archibald Bucchanan a tract of land containing six hundred and forty acres lying and bing in our County of Davidson on the waters of Stones river including the place called clover bottom. Beginning at a double white oak and [illegible] a bluff of the river about twelve poles above the mouth of a small branch. Running South one hundred and twenty eight poles to a dogwood and sugar tree, West two hundred and seventy poles to a corner in James Todds line. Thence with his line North twenty five poles to said Todds corner at the mouth of his spring branch, up Stones river according to it's course meanders to the beginning. With all [illegible] waters and [illegible] minerals hereditaments and appurtenances to the said land belonging or appurtening. To hold to the said Archibald Bucchanan his heirs and assigns forever. Which land was surveyed for the said Bucchanan June 6, 1788 by Daniel Smith agreeable to an entry dated Dec. 11, 1784. The grant signed Samuel Johnston with seal of the State affixed and dated Nov. 26, 1789. Countersigned James Glasgow Sec Andrew Ewing D. R.

:"Davidson County, TN, Deed Book B, p. 224
He first built a log house , which in Oct. 1792 was attacked by Indians, who were fought off and some killed by his wife and children. Source? This may be connected to a raid on Nashville. by Watts about this time. " > Map of 2851 Blue Brick Drive, approximate area of "Blue Brick
Will , Rutherford Co, Tennessee, 7 Oct 1806 Will of Archibald Buchanan, deceased.

Oct 7, 1806 To my grand children the sons and daughters of my daughter Martha Steel, $1.00 to be divided equally. I give to my daughter Lilly Wills $1.00. To my daughter Mary Jones $1.00. To my daughter Rebeccah Shannon $20.00. To my daughter Nancy Drew $1.00. To my daughter Ellen Buchanan $1.00. To my brother Robert Buchanan an absolute right to 320 acres of land a part of the tract on which I live. I give this to him and his heirs &c to be laid off to him on the west side adjoining the lands of James Todd. I give to my son James Buchanan and heirs all the residue of the tract whereon I live after his uncle Robert gets his 320 acres laid off. I appoint my son James Buchanan my executor. This May 30, 1801. Wit: Daniel Smith, Edward Saunders and Sooky Sanders.

Davidson Co. TN Will Book 3. Page 120. This will references his brother Robert Buchanan. Archibald of Locust Cove did have a brother Robert. Did he also move to TN? If not giving him 320 acres seems unlikley. This may be able to help tell whether Archibald of Clover Bottom is Archibald of locust Cove.
The 1782 Washington County, Virginia, Personal Property Tax List, Colonel Aaron Lewis' Precinct Buchanan, Archd. 1 6 10 (Tithes Horses Cattle)
1787 - Tax List - Among the names appearing on a 1787 tax list for Davidson County, Tennessee are: Archibald Buchanan, Andrew Casselman, Robert Eaton, Jacob Pennington, Andrew Steel, Frederick Stump, and Ebenezer Titus. [History of Davidson County, W. W. Clayton]
(SEED BED OF THE REPUBLIC, p. 79, by Robert D. Stoner). possibly useful source.
Archibald Buchanan settled in the area called Clover Bottom. His home is referred to as "The Old Blue Brick" mansion in was supposedly at 2851 Blue Brick Drive close to Highway 70 and Stewart's Ferry Pike " > Map of 2851 Blue Brick Drive, approximate area of "Blue Brick
Archibald and Agnes buried in the garden of "The Old Blue Brick". When the home was sold their son James

had their bodies "moved to the farm of his cousin, Major John Buchanan, located on Stone's River. This was originally the "Buchanan Fort."

It is now known as the "Knapp Farm". No trace of the graves can be found, a few markers still remain.
TENNESSEE RECORDS, Vol. I, p. 126, 261, Vol. 2 by

Jeannetta Tillotson Acklan.

Buchanan, Archibald (1728- )
Born 1728 (K212)
Died 180
married before 14 May 1761
Wife Agnes Bowen M (1) McFerrin See Ch I 89

18 Apr 1775 - 266 ? Both Sides S.F. Reid Creek

17 July 1755 - Enlisted in Wm Preston's Rangers - War
A Weaver . Height 5'7" - from Pa. - K212
:21 Mar 1782 - ????? Red from ??? Walker! Mt to Cove Creek 132
following from Sc?????? Preston P185 ?? Wythe Co
a brother to John (son Patrick)  ??? ??? ???
1782 ff - "Sometime after 1782 Archibald removed to Cumberland
1806 - Archibald made will and left all lands to son James
1769 - came to Holston (Lammie] in 1770 and John
Buchanan [brother] in 1771 - Ibid P217
Gordon Aronhime Papers, Southwest Virginia Card File, Card 1, Electronic Card Indexes, University of Virginia


  Can you tell me anything about the Old Blue Brick house built by Archibald 

Buchanan? There were 640 acres in the area of Blue Brick Road in Donelson that were part of the estate.

  I know that it was torn down in the 1950s … but would like to know more 

about it. — William "Jay" Rigsby, Nashville.

  Legends and conjecture have been common in the story of this house, 

primarily because of its ancient age.

  Most likely built in the 1790s, when most of what is now Tennessee was still 

part of North Carolina, it certainly was one of Middle Tennessee's oldest brick residences.

  The Old Blue Brick has been called the gathering point for Tennessee troops 

being mustered by Andrew Jackson for the Battle of New Orleans, which marked its 191st anniversary this week. That certainly was possible. Jackson's Hermitage is nearby.

  Its strange name has been explained by the painting of one of its brick 

walls the color blue. That may not be accurate. "Blue brick" is a term still known today in England for describing a hard-fired, darker brick used for exterior walls because it is more impervious to water.

  Oral histories have the house serving for a while as a tavern and even being 

"haunted," a condition attributed from time to time to countless old structures.

  In its final years, the deteriorating residence was described by a tenant as 

"no count."

  "The rats are just eating it away, undermining it. You can't heat it in the 

winter. It ain't fitten to live in," Crecy Hayes told an interviewer in 1937.

  The Old Blue Brick property ties into the lands of the Clover Bottom 

plantation and its 1850s mansion. Clover Bottom is still standing in the same area near Stewarts Ferry Pike and now in use as offices for the Tennessee Historical Commission.

  The Blue Brick's long history began with first owner Archibald Buchanan, who 

had come to this part of Tennessee by March 1783, when he received a 640-acre land grant on the Stones River.

  By 1816, former Revolutionary War soldier John Hoggatt had purchased the 

former Buchanan tract, including a nearby horse-racing ground where Andrew Jackson had been active.

  Hoggatt already owned much of the Clover Bottom lands and was looking to 

expand his holdings.

  They had grown to about 700 acres by his death in 1824.
  The Blue Brick property stayed in the Hoggatt family when it was bought 

around 1850 by James Hoggatt, John's son, from a nephew who had inherited it.

  Eventually it passed into the Stanford family, where it remained until it 

was sold at public auction in April 1948 by Robert D. Stanford Jr. to Mrs. Florence Redelsheimer of Donelson.

  She paid a reported $5,595 for the house and about four acres of land, 

indicating that she hoped to preserve the historical structure — contingent on an architect's survey. It was never restored, though, and the house was said to have been demolished in December 1951.

  A 1940 survey of historical structures done by the federal government 

described a wood shingle roof at that time and its remaining original stairway and mantels. However, it was described as "in bad condition" with "some substitutions for original parts."

  While it is now gone, a small portion of the Old Blue Brick may yet live on. 

Its 30-inch-thick foundation and some of its other bricks were used as base for construction of a residence at 2851 Blue Brick Drive, Donelson historian Leona Aiken wrote.

Another link to the Buchanan family is the two-story log house from the early 1800s of James Buchanan, son of Archibald and his wife, Agnes Bowen. It remains standing at 2910 Elm Hill Pike.

Buchanan Station, A Pioneer Fort, Founded by Major John Buchanan and wife, Margaret

Kennedy who died in 1789 and in 1791 married Sarah Ridley of the Watauga Valley. Situated only a short distance north of the old home lies the family Graveyard. A few markers still remain and bear the following inscriptions. John, Sarah, Martha, George, and Samuel Buchanans. This old pioneer fort and surrounding acreage is located on Elm Hill Pike, four miles from Nashville, is now known as the Seamen A. Knapp Demonstration Farm of the Peabocy Colloge for Teachers in Nashville, Tennessee. Many graves have long since been erased by time. For instance, it is know that the bodies of Archibald Buchanan, cousin of John, and his wife, Agnes Bowen, were removed from the garden of the "Old Blue Brick" on Stewart's Ferry Road by their son, James, when the homstead was sold, and both placed in the same grave in the Buchanan Graveyard. However, no trace can be found of the same.

Child List

None of this is confirmed.

1 F Lillian BUCHANAN

       Born: Abt 1770 - Washington Co, Virginia
       Died: After 1820
     Spouse: James WILLS (1763-1855)
 Marr. Date: Abt 1790 - Probably Washington Co, Virginia


       Born: 1762 - Augusta Co, Virginia
       Died: Deceased - Tennessee
     Buried:  - Knapps Farm, Peabody College, Nashville, Davidson Co, Tennessee
     Spouse: Andrew STEELE (Abt 1755-Aft 1830)
 Marr. Date: 1780 - Augusta Co, Virginia


       Born: 16 Jul 1763 - Virginia
       Died: 14 Feb 1841 - Davidson Co, Tennessee
     Buried: Feb 1841 - Buchanan Family Cemetery, Davidson Co, Tennessee
     Spouse: Lucinda EAST (1792-1865)
 Marr. Date: 24 Apr 1810

4 F Rebecca BUCHANAN

       Born: 6 Oct 1768
       Died: 1860 - Wilson Co, Tennessee
     Spouse: Robert SHANNON (1768-          )
 Marr. Date: 11 Apr 1790 - Sumner Co, Tennessee


       Born: Abt 1769
       Died: Deceased


       Born: Abt 1772
       Died: Deceased
     Spouse: Benjamin DREW (Abt 1770-          )
 Marr. Date: 14 Jan 1799


       Born: Abt 1774
       Died: Deceased
     Spouse: Unknown JONES (Abt 1770-          )