Place:Whiston Rural, Lancashire, England

NameWhiston Rural
TypeRural district
Coordinates53.413°N 2.798°W
Located inLancashire, England     (1895 - 1974)
See alsoCheshire, Englandcounty in which part of the area of Whiston Rural is now located
Warrington (metropolitan borough), Cheshire, Englandmetropolitan borough in which part of the area of the rural district has been located since 1974
Knowsley (metropolitan area), Merseyside, Englandmetropolitan borough in which part of the area of the rural district has been located since 1974
St. Helens (metropolitan borough), Merseyside, Englandmetropolitan borough in which part of the area of the rural district has been located since 1974
Halton (borough), Cheshire, Englandborough in which part of the area of the rural district has been located since 1974
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Whiston Rural District was a rural district covering a less densely populated area of Lancashire, England between Liverpool and St. Helens. It was created in 1895 by renaming the Prescot Rural District (which had only been created the previous year) when the parish of Prescot was removed from that rural district and created a separate urban district (marked as "P" on the map). Whiston Rural District was named after and administered from the village of Whiston.

As population expanded from the urban areas on east and west, the individual parishes were gradually absorbed into their neighbouring conurbations. The rural district was finally abolished by the Local Government Act 1972 on 1 April 1974. Its ten remaining civil parishes were either merged with the metropolitan boroughs of Knowsley and St. Helens which both joined Liverpool in Merseyside, or the Cheshire boroughs of Halton and Warrington Metropolitan Borough (now in Cheshire, formerly in Lancashire).

Image:Whiston Rural with titles.png
Map NoParishDurationDestination
1Bold1895-1974split between St. Helens, Merseyside and Warrington Metropolitan Borough, Cheshire
2Cronton1895-1974Knowsley, Merseyside
3Ditton1885-1920Municipal Borough of Widnes, Lancashire
4Eccleston1895-1954St. Helens, Lancashire (later Merseyside)
5Halewood1895-1974Knowsley, Merseyside
6Hale (near Widnes)1895-1974Halton, Cheshire
7Kirkby1922-1958became an urban district (later joined Merseyside)
8Knowsley or "Knowsley Village"1895-1974Knowsley, Merseyside
9Rainhill1895-1974St. Helens, Merseyside
10Speke1885-1932City of Liverpool, Merseyside
11Tarbock1895-1974Knowsley, Merseyside
12Whiston1895-1974Knowsley, Merseyside
13Windle1895-1934St. Helens, Lancashire (later Merseyside)

Research Tips

  • See the Wikipedia articles on parishes and civil parishes for descriptions of this lowest rung of local administration. The original parishes (known as ancient parishes) were ecclesiastical, under the jurisdiction of the local priest. A parish covered a specific geographical area and was sometimes equivalent to that of a manor. Sometimes, in the case of very large rural parishes, there were chapelries where a "chapel of ease" allowed parishioners to worship closer to their homes. In the 19th century the term civil parish was adopted to define parishes with a secular form of local government. In WeRelate both civil and ecclesiastical parishes are included in the type of place called a "parish". Smaller places within parishes, such as chapelries and hamlets, have been redirected into the parish in which they are located. The names of these smaller places are italicized within the text.
  • Rural districts were groups of geographically close civil parishes in existence between 1894 and 1974. They were formed as a middle layer of administration between the county and the civil parish. Inspecting the archives of a rural district will not be of much help to the genealogist or family historian, unless there is need to study land records in depth.
  • Civil registration or vital statistics and census records will be found within registration districts. To ascertain the registration district to which a parish belongs, see Registration Districts in Lancashire, part of the UK_BMD website.
  • Lancashire Online Parish Clerks provide free online information from the various parishes, along with other data of value to family and local historians conducting research in the County of Lancashire.
  • FamilySearch Lancashire Research Wiki provides a good overview of the county and also articles on most of the individual parishes (very small or short-lived ones may have been missed).
  • Ancestry (international subscription necessary) has a number of county-wide collections of Church of England baptisms, marriages and burials, some from the 1500s, and some providing microfilm copies of the manuscript entries. There are specific collections for Liverpool (including Catholic baptisms and marriages) and for Manchester. Their databases now include electoral registers 1832-1935. Another pay site is FindMyPast.
  • A map of Lancashire circa 1888 supplied by A Vision of Britain through Time includes the boundaries between the parishes and shows the hamlets within them.
  • A map of Lancashire circa 1954 supplied by A Vision of Britain through Time is a similar map for a later timeframe.
  • GENUKI provides a website covering many sources of genealogical information for Lancashire. The organization is gradually updating the website and the volunteer organizers may not have yet picked up all the changes that have come with improving technology.
  • The Victoria County History for Lancashire, provided by British History Online, covers the whole of the county in six volumes (the seventh available volume [numbered Vol 2] covers religious institutions). The county is separated into its original hundreds and the volumes were first published between 1907 and 1914. Most parishes within each hundred are covered in detail. Maps within the text can contain historical information not available elsewhere.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Whiston Rural District. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.