Place:Prescot, Lancashire, England

Alt namesPrescotsource: from redirect
TypeAncient parish, Urban district
Coordinates53.428°N 2.806°W
Located inLancashire, England     ( - 1974)
See alsoWest Derby Hundred, Lancashire, Englandhundred in which it was located
Knowsley (metropolitan area), Merseyside, Englandmetropolitan borough in which it has been located since 1974
:the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Prescot (letter "P" on the map) is a town and civil parish, which, since 1974, has been located within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley within Merseyside, England. It lies approximately eight miles to the east of Liverpool city centre. At the 2001 Census, the population was 11,184.

For the year 1894-1894 Prescot was a rural district, but it had sufficient population to be made an urban district in 1895 and the neighbouring parishes became the Whiston Rural District.


the text in this section is based on a section of an article in Wikipedia

In the 14th century, William Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre, obtained a charter for the holding of a three-day market and moveable fair at Prescot, to begin on the Wednesday following Corpus Christi (about 40 days after Easter).

From the mid-1590s to 1609, Prescot was home to the Prescot Playhouse, a purpose-built Shakespearean theatre, probably located on Eccleston Street. In the sixteenth century it was a small town of about 400 inhabitants, and not much bigger by the late seventeenth century.

Image:Whiston Rural with titles.png

During the 18th and 19th centuries it was at the centre of the watch and clock making industry. This ended with the failure of the Lancashire Watch Company in 1910. In later years the BICC company was the primary industrial employer in the town. BICC ceased operations in Prescot in the early 1990s.

Prescot ancient parish

Prescot was also one of the ancient parishes of Lancashire, comprising fifteen townships and having a total area of 37,221 acres. Some of the parishes will be found on the map above. Others may be found on the map for St. Helens Metropolitan Borough. The townships were arranged in "divisions":

Prescot Division had four quarters(i) Prescot (P), Whiston (#12), and Rainhill (#9)
(ii) Eccleston (St. Helens) (#4) and Rainford
(iii) Windle (#13) and Parr (now within St. Helens)
(iv) Sutton (now within St. Helens)
Farnworth Division had four quarters and "a half"(i) Widnes with Appleton
(ii) Bold (#1)
(iii) Cuerdley and Cronton (#2)
(iv) Ditton (#3) and Penketh
"the half quarter" was Great Sankey

The divisions and subdivisions provided a formula for what each area paid as tithes to the upkeep of the parish. (Source:Victoria County History of Lancashire)

Research Tips

  • See the Wikipedia articles on parishes and civil parishes for descriptions of this lowest rung of local administration. The original parishes were ecclesiastical (described as ancient parishes), under the jurisdiction of the local priest. A parish covered a specific geographical area and was sometimes equivalent to that of a manor. Sometimes, in the case of very large rural parishes, there were chapelries where a "chapel of ease" allowed parishioners to worship closer to their homes. In the 19th century the term civil parish was adopted to define parishes with a secular form of local government. In WeRelate both civil and ecclesiastical parishes are included in the type of place called a "parish". Smaller places within parishes, such as chapelries and hamlets, have been redirected into the parish in which they are located. The names of these smaller places are italicized within the text.
  • An urban district was a type of municipality in existence between 1894 and 1974. They were formed as a middle layer of administration between the county and the civil parish and were used for urban areas usually with populations of under 30,000. Inspecting the archives of a urban district will not be of much help to the genealogist or family historian, unless there is need to study land records in depth.
  • Civil registration or vital statistics and census records will be found within registration districts. To ascertain the registration district to which a parish belongs, see Registration Districts in Lancashire, part of the UK_BMD website.
  • The terms municipal borough and county borough were adopted in 1835 replacing the historic "boroughs". Municipal boroughs generally had populations between 30,000 and 50,000; while county boroughs usually had populations of over 50,000. County boroughs had local governments independent of the county in which they were located, but municipal boroughs worked in tandem with the county administration. Wikipedia explains these terms in much greater detail.
  • Lancashire Online Parish Clerks provide free online information from the various parishes, along with other data of value to family and local historians conducting research in the County of Lancashire.
  • FamilySearch Lancashire Research Wiki provides a good overview of the county and also articles on most of the individual parishes (very small or short-lived ones may have been missed).
  • Ancestry (international subscription necessary) has a number of county-wide collections of Church of England baptisms, marriages and burials, some from the 1500s, and some providing microfilm copies of the manuscript entries. There are specific collections for Liverpool (including Catholic baptisms and marriages) and for Manchester. Their databases now include electoral registers 1832-1935. Another pay site is FindMyPast.
  • A map of Lancashire circa 1888 supplied by A Vision of Britain through Time includes the boundaries between the parishes and shows the hamlets within them.
  • A map of Lancashire circa 1954 supplied by A Vision of Britain through Time is a similar map for a later timeframe.
  • GENUKI provides a website covering many sources of genealogical information for Lancashire. The organization is gradually updating the website and the volunteer organizers may not have yet picked up all the changes that have come with improving technology.
  • The Victoria County History for Lancashire, provided by British History Online, covers the whole of the county in six volumes (the seventh available volume [numbered Vol 2] covers religious institutions). The county is separated into its original hundreds and the volumes were first published between 1907 and 1914. Most parishes within each hundred are covered in detail. Maps within the text can contain historical information not available elsewhere.
  • A description of the parish of Prescot from British History Online (Victoria County Histories), published 1907
  • A description of the township of Prescot from British History Online (Victoria County Histories), published 1907
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Prescot. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.