Place:Scottish Borders, Scotland

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NameScottish Borders
Alt namesBORsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Crìochan na h-Albasource: Wikipedia
Scot Bordsource: Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
TypeUnitary authority
Coordinates55.583°N 3.25°W
Located inScotland     (1996 - )
See alsoRoxburghshire, Scotlandtraditional county joining to create the Borders Region in 1975
Selkirkshire, Scotlandtraditional county joining to create the Borders Region in 1975
Peeblesshire, Scotlandtraditional county joining to create the Borders Region in 1975
Berwickshire, Scotlandtraditional county joining to create the Borders Region in 1975
Midlothian, Scotlandtraditional county of which part joined to create the Borders Region in 1975
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Scottish Borders ("The Marches"; Scottish Gaelic: Crìochan na h-Alba) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the City of Edinburgh, Dumfries and Galloway, East Lothian, Midlothian, South Lanarkshire, West Lothian and, to the south-west, south and east, the English counties of Cumbria and Northumberland. The administrative centre of the area is Newtown St Boswells.

The term Scottish Borders is also used to designate the areas of southern Scotland and northern England that bound the Anglo-Scottish border.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The term Borders also has a wider meaning, referring to all of the counties adjoining the English border, also including Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire – as well as Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland in England.

Roxburghshire and Berwickshire historically bore the brunt of the conflicts with England, both during declared wars such as the Wars of Scottish Independence, and armed raids which took place in the times of the Border Reivers. Thus, across the region are to be seen the ruins of many castles, abbeys and even towns.

The council area was created in 1975, by merging the historic counties of Berwickshire, Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire, and Selkirkshire and part of Midlothian, as a two-tier region with the districts of Berwickshire, Ettrick and Lauderdale, Roxburgh, and Tweeddale within it. In 1996 the region became a unitary authority area and the districts were wound up. The region was created with the name Borders. Following the election of a shadow area council in 1995 the name was changed to Scottish Borders with effect from 1996.

Although there is evidence of some Scottish Gaelic in the origins of place names such as Innerleithen ("confluence of the Leithen"), Kilbucho and Longformacus, which contain identifiably Goidelic rather than Brythonic Celtic elements and are an indication of at least a Gaelic-speaking elite in the area, the main languages in the area since the 5th century appear to have been Brythonic (in the west) and Old English (in the east), the latter of which developed into its modern forms of English and Scots.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Scottish Borders. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.