Place:Nichol, Wellington, Ontario, Canada

Coordinates43.7°N 80.4°W
Located inWellington, Ontario, Canada     (1822 - 1999)
See alsoGuelph/Eramosa, Wellington, Ontario, Canadamunicipality into which eastern part of Nichol merged in 1999
Centre Wellington, Wellington, Ontario, Canadamunicipality into which western part of Nichol merged in 1999
The following section is based on a section of an article in Wikipedia

Nichol Township was one of the townships leased by Joseph Brant under power of attorney for the Indians of th Grand River region. The Township was granted to Hon. Thomas Clark on a lease of 999 years for £3,564, but the contract was modified by the Crown.

The township was opened for settlement in 1822 and named in honour of Col Robert Nichol of Norfolk County who distinguished himself in the War of 1812 and later in political battles.

In 1999 as part of the municipal restructuring operation for Wellington County, the southeastern part of Nichol was amalgamated into Guelph/Eramosa Township and the larger western section into the Township of Centre Wellington.



The map of Wellington County circa 1951 from Ontario Archives locates the communities and physical features of the county. (Click at the bottom of the page to see the map enlarged.)

An interactive online historical map (1906) showing the landowners of the time can be found here.

The township of Nichol contains the villages of Fergus and Elora (both settled in early 1830s) and the hamlet of Ennotville. Local history resources for these villages will be found on the pages for the respective places.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1915 are now available [October 2014]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.
In September 2014 announced that its paid website has been subjected to a "houseclean" of its Ontario BMD database, adding data that had been omitted and making many corrections. Its provision now includes

  • Births, with 2,172,124 records covering 1869-1913.
  • Marriages, with 3,393,369 records for 1801-1928 including Ontario county, district and Roman Catholic origins as well as province-wide civil registration.
  • Deaths, with 2,190,030 records comprising Ontario civil registrations of deaths, 1869-1938 and registrations of Ontario overseas deaths for 1939-1947.

Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.


The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada, known to Canadians as "LAC". Copies of original microfilms are online at the LAC website for all censuses up to 1921. Each census database is preceded with an explanation of the geographical area covered, the amount of material retained (some census division material has been lost), the questions on the census form, and whether there is a name index. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can also view censuses on microfilm at the LAC, at the Archives of Ontario (see address above), or at large libraries throughout Canada.

Hard-to-Find Places

E-books, Books and Newspapers

  • The Elora Observer newspaper published a series of historical articles in 1866.
source: Family History Library Catalog