Place:London (City of), London, England

NameLondon (City of)
Alt namesLondon (city of)source: from redirect
City of London
Londinionsource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Londiniumsource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) p 8486; Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303; Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Londinium Augustasource: Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) p 44
Londinossource: London (1997) p 5
Londrasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 296
Londressource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-100
Lundenburgsource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Lundenceastersource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Lundenesource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Lundennesource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Lundenwicsource: London (1997) p 106
Lundinsource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Lundiniumsource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Lundoniasource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
Lundressource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 303
TypeCity, Borough (metropolitan)
Coordinates51.514°N 0.098°W
Located inLondon, England     (1889 - 1965)
Also located inMiddlesex, England     ( - 1889)
Greater London, England     (1965 - )
Contained Places
Austin Friars
St. Bartholomew the Great ( 1123 - the present )
Former parish
All Hallows Bread Street ( bef 1227 - 1878 )
All Hallows Honey Lane ( - 1666 )
All Hallows Staining ( bef 1200 - 1870 )
All Hallows the Great ( 1235 - 1894 )
All Hallows the Less ( 1216 - 1666 )
Holy Trinity the Less ( - 1666 )
St. Andrew Hubbard ( - 1666 )
St. Ann Blackfriars ( - 1666 )
St. Bartholomew Moor Lane ( 1840 - 1902 )
St. Bartholomew by the Exchange ( bef 1200 - 1840 )
St. Benet Fink ( 1216 - 1846 )
St. Benet Gracechurch ( 1053 - 1868 )
St. Benet Sherehog ( c 1100 - 1666 )
St. Botolph Billingsgate ( c 850 - 1666 )
St. Christopher le Stocks ( 1282 - 1781 )
St. Dionis Backchurch ( 1288 - 1878 )
St. Faith under St. Paul's ( - 1666 )
St. Gabriel Fenchurch Street ( - 1666 )
St. Gregory by St. Paul ( 1010 - 1666 )
St. John Zachary ( bef 1181 - 1666 )
St. John the Baptist Walbrook ( c 1150 - 1666 )
St. John the Evangelist Friday Street ( - 1666 )
St. Lawrence Pountney ( - 1666 )
St. Leonard Eastcheap ( 1259 - 1666 )
St. Leonard Foster Lane ( - 1666 )
St. Margaret Moses ( 1105 - 1666 )
St. Margaret New Fish Street ( - 1666 )
St. Martin Orgar ( - 1666 )
St. Martin Outwich ( c 1350 - 1874 )
St. Martin Pomeroy ( - 1666 )
St. Martin Vintry ( - 1666 )
St. Mary Bothaw ( 1279 - 1666 )
St. Mary Colechurch ( - 1666 )
St. Mary Magdalen Milk Street ( 1162 - 1666 )
St. Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street ( 1181 - 1893 )
St. Mary Mounthaw ( - 1666 )
St. Mary Somerset ( bef 1200 - 1871 )
St. Mary Staining ( 1189 - 1666 )
St. Mary Woolchurch Haw ( bef 1100 - 1666 )
St. Matthew Friday Street ( 1382 - 1885 )
St. Michael Crooked Lane ( 1304 - 1831 )
St. Michael Queenhithe ( c 1150 - 1875 )
St. Michael le Querne ( 1181 - 1666 )
St. Mildred Poultry ( 1175 - 1872 )
St. Nicholas Acons ( 1084 - 1666 )
St. Nicholas Olave ( - 1666 )
St. Nicholas Shambles ( - 1547 )
St. Olave Old Jewry ( bef 1130 - 1887 )
St. Olave Silver Street ( bef 1200 - 1666 )
St. Pancras Soper Lane ( c1150 - 1666 )
St. Peter Paul's Wharf ( - 1666 )
St. Peter Westcheap ( - 1666 )
St. Thomas Apostle ( bef 1181 - 1666 )
Barbican Estate
Barnard's Inn ( c 1250 - )
Bridewell Hospital ( - 1864 )
Fleet Prison and Rules of the Fleet
Pool of London
All Hallows Lombard Street ( - 1937 )
All Hallows London Wall ( 1100 - the present )
All Hallows by the Tower ( 1889 - the present )
Christchurch Newgate Street ( - 1940 )
Holy Trinity Gough Square ( 1842 - 1906 )
St. Alban Wood Street ( 930 - 1940 )
St. Alphage London Wall ( 1068 - 1919 )
St. Andrew Holborn Below the Bars ( 1767 - 1907 )
St. Andrew Undershaft ( 1147 - the present )
St. Andrew by the Wardrobe ( bef 1170 - the present )
St. Ann and St. Agnes ( 1137 - the present )
St. Antholin Budge Row ( 1119 - 1874 )
St. Augustine Watling Street ( 1148 - 1941 )
St. Bartholomew the Great ( 1123 - the present )
St. Bartholomew the Less ( 1184 - 2015 )
St. Benet Paul's Wharf ( 1111 - the present )
St. Botolph Without Aldersgate ( bef 1291 - the present )
St. Botolph Without Aldgate ( 1900 - 1965 )
St. Botolph Without Bishopsgate ( 1212 - )
St. Bride Fleet Street ( c 650 - the present )
St. Clement Eastcheap ( bef 1272 - the present )
St. Dunstan in the East ( 1100 - 1967 )
St. Edmund the King and Martyr ( 1292 - the present )
St. Ethelburga ( 1250 - the present )
St. George Botolph Lane ( c 1180 - 1904 )
St. Giles Without Cripplegate ( bef 1000 - the present )
St. Helen Bishopsgate ( 1210 - the present )
St. James Duke's Place ( 1622 - 1954 )
St. James Garlickhithe ( bef 1200 - the present )
St. Katherine Coleman ( 1346 - 1926 )
St. Katherine Cree ( 1280 - the present )
St. Lawrence Jewry ( c 1150 - the present )
St. Magnus the Martyr ( 1128 - the present )
St. Margaret Lothbury ( 1185 - the present )
St. Margaret Pattens ( 1067 - the present )
St. Martin Ludgate ( 1174 - the present )
St. Mary Abchurch ( 1198 - the present )
St. Mary Aldermanbury ( 1181 - 1940 )
St. Mary Aldermary ( bef 1100 - the present )
St. Mary Woolnoth ( bef 1000 - the present )
St. Mary at Hill ( 1336 - the present )
St. Mary le Bow ( 1889 - 1965 )
St. Michael Bassishaw ( 1196 - 1900 )
St. Michael Cornhill ( 1133 - the present )
St. Michael Paternoster Royal ( 1219 - the present )
St. Michael Wood Street ( 1225 - 1940 )
St. Mildred Bread Street ( bef 1300 - 1941 )
St. Nicholas Cole Abbey ( 1144 - 1982 )
St. Olave Hart Street ( c 1250 - the present )
St. Peter Cornhill ( - the present )
St. Peter le Poer ( bef 1200 - 1907 )
St. Stephen Coleman Street ( bef 1216 - 1940 )
St. Stephen Walbrook ( c 300 - the present )
St. Swithin London Stone ( c 1250 - 1954 )
St. Vedast Foster Lane ( bef 1308 - the present )
Place of worship
St. Mary Moorfields ( 1889 - 1965 )
St. Paul's Cathedral ( 604 - the present )
Temple Church ( 1185 - the present )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia


The Roman legions established a settlement known as "Londinium" on the current site of the City of London around 43 AD. Its bridge over the River Thames turned the city into an important road connection and major port, serving as a major commercial centre in Roman Britain until its abandonment during the 5th century.

At its height, the Roman city had a population of approximately 45,000–60,000 inhabitants. Londinium was an ethnically diverse city, with inhabitants from across the Roman Empire, including natives of Britannia, continental Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The Romans built the London Wall some time between 190 and 225 AD. The boundaries of the Roman city were similar to those of the City of London today, though the City extends further west than Londonium's boundary at Ludgate, and the Thames was undredged and thus wider than it is today, with Londonium's shoreline slightly north of the City's present shoreline. The Romans built a bridge across the river, as early as 50 AD, near to today's London Bridge.

Post-Londinium Decline

By the time the London Wall was constructed, the City's fortunes were in decline, and it faced problems of plague and fire. The Roman Empire entered a long period of instability and decline, including the Carausian Revolt in Britain. In the 3rd and 4th centuries, the city was under attack from Picts, Scots, and Saxon raiders. The decline continued, both for Londinium and the Empire, and in 410 AD the Romans withdrew entirely from Britain. Many of the Roman public buildings in Londinium by this time had fallen into decay and disuse, and gradually after the formal withdrawal the city became almost (if not, at times, entirely) uninhabited. The centre of trade and population moved away from the walled Londinium to Lundenwic ("London market"), a settlement to the west, roughly in the modern day Strand/Aldwych/Covent Garden area.

Anglo-Saxon restoration

During the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy, the London area came in turn under the Kingdoms of Essex, Mercia, and later Wessex, though from the mid 8th century it was frequently under the control or threat of the Vikings.

The Venerable Bede (672/3 – 735) records that in 604 AD St Augustine consecrated Mellitus as the first bishop to the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of the East Saxons and their king, Sæberht. Sæberht's uncle and overlord, Æthelberht, king of Kent, built a church dedicated to St. Paul in London, as the seat of the new bishop. It is assumed, although unproven, that this first Anglo-Saxon cathedral stood on the same site as the later medieval and the present cathedrals.

Alfred the Great, King of Wessex and arguably the first king of the "English", occupied and began the resettlement of the old Roman walled area, in 886, and appointed his son-in-law Earl Æthelred of Mercia over it as part of their reconquest of the Viking occupied parts of England. The refortified Anglo-Saxon settlement was known as Lundenburh ("London Fort", a borough). The historian Asser said that "Alfred, king of the Anglo-Saxons, restored the city of London splendidly;... and made it habitable once more." Alfred's "restoration" entailed reoccupying and refurbishing the nearly deserted Roman walled city, building quays along the Thames, and laying a new city street plan.

Alfred's taking of London and the rebuilding of the old Roman city was a turning point in history, not only as the permanent establishment of the City of London, but also as part of a unifying moment in early England, with Wessex becoming the dominant English kingdom and the decline (to some degree) of the Viking occupation and raids. While London, and indeed England, were afterwards subjected to further periods of Viking and Danish raids and occupation, the establishment of the City of London and the Kingdom of England prevailed.

In the 10th century, Athelstan permitted eight mints to be established in London, compared with six in his capital of Winchester, indicating the wealth of the city. London Bridge, which had fallen into ruin following the Roman evacuation and abandonment of Londinium, was rebuilt by the Saxons, but was periodically destroyed by Viking raids and storms.

As the focus of trade and population was moved back to within the old Roman walls, the older Saxon settlement of Lundenwic was largely abandoned and gained the name of Ealdwic (the "old settlement"). The name survives today as Aldwych (the "old market-place"), a name of a street and an area of the City of Westminster between Westminster and the City of London.

Medieval era

Following the Battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror marched on London (reaching as far as Southwark), but failed to get across London Bridge or to defeat the Londoners. He eventually crossed the River Thames far to the west at Wallingford in [[Place:Berkshire, England|Berkshire}, pillaging the land as he went. Rather than continuing the war, Edgar the Ætheling, Edwin of Mercia and Morcar of Northumbria surrendered at Berkhamsted in Hertfordshire. William granted the citizens of London a charter in 1075; the City was one of a few examples of the English retaining some authority. The City was not covered by the Domesday Book of 1086.

William built three castles nearby, to keep Londoners subdued:

About 1130, Henry I granted a sheriff to the people of London, along with control of the county of Middlesex: this meant that the two entities were regarded as one administratively (not that the county was a dependency of the City) until the Local Government Act 1888. By 1141 the whole body of the citizenry was considered to constitute a single community. This 'commune' was the origin of the City of London Corporation and the citizens gained the right to appoint, with the king's consent, a Mayor in 1189—and to directly elect the Mayor from 1215.

From medieval times, the City has been composed of 25 ancient wards, each headed by an Alderman, who chairs Wardmotes, which still take place at least annually. A Folkmoot, for the whole of the City held at the outdoor cross of St Paul's Cathedral, was formerly also held. Many of the medieval offices and traditions continue to the present day, demonstrating the unique nature of the City and its Corporation.

In 1381, the Peasants' Revolt affected London. The rebels took the City and the Tower of London, but the rebellion ended after its leader, Wat Tyler, was killed during a confrontation that included Lord Mayor William Walworth.

The City was burnt severely on a number of occasions, the worst being in 1123 and (more famously) in the Great Fire of London in 1666. Both of these fires were referred to as the Great Fire. After the fire of 1666, a number of plans were drawn up to remodel the City and its street pattern into a renaissance-style city with planned urban blocks, squares and boulevards. These plans were almost entirely not taken up, and the medieval street pattern re-emerged almost intact. Wikipedia has an expandable map of the area of devastation of the 1666 fire.

Early modern period

By the late 16th century, London increasingly became a major centre for banking, international trade and commerce. The Royal Exchange was founded in 1565 by Sir Thomas Gresham as a centre of commerce for London's merchants, and gained Royal patronage in 1571. Although no longer used for its original purpose, its location at the corner of Cornhill and Threadneedle Street continues to be the geographical centre of the City's core of banking and financial services, with the Bank of England moving to its present site in 1734, opposite the Royal Exchange on Threadneedle Street. Immediately to the south of Cornhill, Lombard Street was the location from 1691 of Lloyd's Coffee House, which became the world-leading insurance market. London's insurance sector continues to be based in the area, particularly in Lime Street.

In 1708, Christopher Wren's masterpiece, St Paul's Cathedral, was completed on his birthday. The first service had been held on 2 December 1697, more than 10 years earlier. It replaced the original St Paul's, which had been completely destroyed in the Great Fire of London of 1666, and is considered to be one of the finest cathedrals in Britain and a fine example of Baroque architecture.

Growth of London

The 18th century was a period of rapid growth for London, reflecting an increasing national population, the early stirrings of the Industrial Revolution, and London's role at the centre of the evolving British Empire. The urban area expanded beyond the borders of the City of London, most notably during this period towards the West End and Westminster.

Expansion continued and became more rapid by the beginning of the 19th century, with London growing in all directions. To the east the Port of London grew rapidly during the century, with the construction of many docks, needed because the Thames at the City could not cope with the volume of trade. The arrival of the railways and the Tube meant that London could expand over a much greater area. By the mid-19th century, with London still rapidly expanding in population and area, the City had already become only a small part of the wider metropolis.

19th and 20th centuries

An attempt was made in 1894 with the Royal Commission on the Amalgamation of the City and County of London to end the distinction between the City and the surrounding County of London, but a change of government at Westminster meant the option was not taken up. The City as a distinct polity survived despite its position within the London conurbation and numerous local government reforms. Supporting this status, the City was a special parliamentary borough that elected four members to the unreformed House of Commons. These were retained after the Reform Act 1832; reduced to two under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885; and only ceased to be a separate constituency under the Representation of the People Act 1948. Since then the City is the smaller part (in terms of population and area) of the Cities of London and Westminster.

The City's population fell rapidly in the 19th century and through most of the 20th century, as people moved outwards in all directions to London's vast suburbs, and many residential buildings were demolished to make way for office blocks. Like many areas of London and other British cities, the City fell victim to large scale and highly destructive aerial bombing during World War II, especially during the Blitz. Whilst St Paul's Cathedral survived the onslaught, large swathes of the area did not. The particularly heavy raids of late December 1940 led to a firestorm called the Second Great Fire of London.

There was a major rebuilding programme in the decades following the war, in some parts (such as at the Barbican) dramatically altering the urban landscape. But the destruction of the older historic fabric allowed the construction of modern and larger-scale developments, whereas in those parts not so badly affected by bomb damage the City retains its older character of smaller buildings. The street pattern, which is still largely medieval, was altered slightly in places, although there is a more recent trend of reversing some of the post-war modernist changes made, such as at Paternoster Square.

The City suffered terrorist attacks including the 1993 Bishopsgate bombing carried out by the (IRA) and the 7 July 2005 London bombings carried out by (Islam terorists). In response to the 1993 bombing, a system of road barriers, checkpoints and surveillance cameras referred to as the "ring of steel" has been maintained to control entry points to the City.

The 1970s saw the construction of tall office buildings including the 600-foot (183m), 47-storey Natwest Tower, the first skyscraper in the UK. Office space development has intensified especially in the central, northern and eastern parts, with skyscrapers including 30 St. Mary Axe ("the Gherkin"'), Leadenhall Building ("the Cheesegrater"), 20 Fenchurch Street ("the Walkie-Talkie"), the Broadgate Tower and the Heron Tower, the tallest in the City. Another skyscraper, 22 Bishopsgate, is under construction.

The main residential section of the City today is the Barbican Estate, constructed between 1965 and 1976. The Museum of London is based there, as are a number of other services provided by the Corporation.

For a history of the etymology behind the City's streets see: Street names of the City of London

Research Tips

The City of London, prior to 1889 was an (independent) city with its own police force and poor law facilities within its own jurisdiction. According to the topographer, John Marius Wilson, who in 1869 in his Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, it was a county. It was not, however, until 1889 when Parliament passed the Local Government Act that it indeed officially became a county. At least 96 parishes lay within the city walls. Another 10 parishes resided just outside the city walls, yet were considered as part of the City of London proper, with 8 precincts and inns of courts under its jurisdiction as well.

Each of the parishes has been provided with its own article within WeRelate, allowing users to link their ancestors to the individual churches where their ancestors were baptised, married, and, in some cases, buried.

Greater London Research Tips

A reminder that Greater London was not formed until 1965 and covers a much greater territory than its predecessor, the County of London formed in 1900. The City of London was only a part of the County of London. A map of the boroughs of Greater London is reproduced on all Greater London borough pages. A map of the boroughs of the smaller County of London is reproduced on all County of London borough pages.

Researching ancestors in London will probably be more successful than researching ancestors in the rest of England, particularly for the period before 1837 and the advent of civil registration. Baptisms, marriages and burials are available online for County of London parishes, and possibly for parishes throughout Greater London as well.

  • Anglican Parishes in London is a wiki here on WeRelate listing the places of worship of the established church throughout London. The churches are grouped within the post-1965 boroughs and for each is the street address, a link to the Booth Map (inner boroughs only), the time span for which the database AIM25 holds records, the FamilySearch Wiki link (see below), the Wikipedia link, and further notes. This is a work-in-progress and not all churches are listed as yet, but it is a guide to a great deal more information on those for which information has been gathered.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. Many of these lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century; some start even earlier.


  • A street-by-street map of London (both sides of the Thames, and stretching from Limehouse, Stepney and Greenwich in the east to Hyde Park and Kensington in the west) drawn by Edward Mogg in 1806. Blows up to a very readable level. Highly recommended viewing. Shows named areas on the edge of the County of London (1900-1965) as the small villages they were in 1800. Streets in the City are named, but churches are missing.
  • The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers edited by Cecil Humphery-Smith and published by Phillimore & Co Ltd (edition of 1995) provides a map of the City of London indicating all the parishes and includes dates of commencement of registers for parishes formed before 1832.
  • Wikipedia has an expandable map of the area of devastation of the 1666 fire. The map includes the location of Pudding Lane where the fire started.
  • A map of London in the 1890s provided by the National Library of Scotland. There are a few steps between the home page index and the individual maps which may be difficult to follow for those who don't know London, but the maps themselves are produced at the scale of 5 feet to the mile on the original and are very clear. Houses on streets are marked, but not numbered.
  • Ordnance Survey map of London 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing London parishes just after the reorganization of 1899. The map was originally drawn over a street map at a scale of 1 inch to the mile and can be blown up to inspect a single borough. Only the major streets are marked and are only visible at maximum magnification. The City of London is an inset in the top right hand corner.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Middlesex 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing the parishes remaining in Middlesex after the reorganization of 1899 when much of the former area of Middlesex had been transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Surrey 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Surrey parishes (chiefly Southwark) just after the reorganization of 1899 when the most urban parts of Surrey were transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Kent 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Kent parishes just after the reorganization of 1899 when the western part of Kent had been transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Essex 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Essex parishes (West Ham, East Ham, Ilford) which were absorbed into Greater London in 1965.

Registration Districts

  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, and Registration Districts in Essex are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet, and has been updated into the 21st century. If the only information about an individual has been obtained from UKBMD, the name of the registration district is considered a "placename" within WeRelate and can be used to provide a broad estimate of the location.


  • Deceased Online includes four of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries (Brompton, Highgate, Kensal Green, and Nunhead) in its inventory of 65 London cemeteries. Transcripts for Abney Park are free with registration online at Ancestry (international subscription necessary) has "London, England, City of London and Tower Hamlets Cemetery Registers, 1841-1966". That leaves West Norwood without comprehensive online access to burial records. (Deceased Online and Ancestry may have increased their provision since this was written in 2016.)
  • As of October 2019 Ancestry has a file titled "England & Scotland, Select Cemetery Registers 1800-2016" which includes Abney Park Cemetery, Greenford Park Cemetery, Acton Cemetery, Ealing & Old Brentford Cemetery, Havelock Norwood Cemetery, Hortus Cemetery, South Ealing Cemetery, Queens Road Cemetery, and Chingford Mount Cemetery.
  • The City of London Cemetery, at Manor Park, near Wanstead in the London Borough of Redbridge also contains remains transferred from former parishes in the City of London whose graveyards have been replaced by streets and commercial buildings.
  • Brookwood Cemetery, beyond the Greater London borders in Surrey, was opened in 1854 for burials for Londoners. See the Wikpedia article.

Other online sources

  • See the FamilySearch Wiki under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey", "Essex" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website and GENUKI has not picked it up.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at City of London. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.