Place:Kirkleatham, North Riding of Yorkshire, England

Watchers
NameKirkleatham
Alt namesKirkleathamsource: from redirect
Kirk-Leathamsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish
Coordinates54.583°N 1.083°W
Located inNorth Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inYorkshire, England    
Cleveland, England     (1974 - 1996)
North Yorkshire, England     (1996 - )
See alsoLangbaurgh East Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandwapentake in which it was located
Guisborough Rural, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandrural district of which it was part 1894-1932
Guisborough, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandurban district which absorbed part in 1932
Redcar, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandcounty borough which absorbed part in 1932
Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, Englandunitary authority of which it is now a part
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Kirkleatham is a village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It is located approximately 4.5 mi (7.2 km) north/northwest of Guisborough, and 3 mi (4.8 km) south of Redcar, near the mouth of the River Tees. Instead of a village, Kirkleatham could be classified as a collection of buildings that formed the Turner Estate, named for the Turner family who lived at Kirkleatham from 1661. Kirkleatham has one of the best collections of Georgian-style buildings in England.

From 1894 until 1932, Kirkleatham was part of Guisborough Rural District. In 1932 it was divided between Guisborough Urban District and Redcar County Borough. In 1974 the Redcar section became part of the administrative county of Cleveland and in 1996 joined North Yorkshire as part of the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland. Historically, it was an ecclesiastical parish in the Langbaurgh East Wapentake. At that time Wilton (near Redcar) was a township in the parish.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kirkleatham is the birthplace of Sir William Turner who was Lord Mayor of London in 1669. He gave most of his fortune to found the Sir William Turner’s Hospital in June 1676. In present day, it is an independent almshouse. Turner bequeathed a substantial amount of money to his great nephew, Cholmley Turner, a member of parliament for Yorkshire, 1727–1741, to establish a Free School, built in 1709, that now serves as the local museum. His estate established for the care of 40 people: ten old men, ten old women, ten boys, and ten girls. The office of governor or governess falls upon the owner of the estate. Management of the estate was the responsibility of a chaplain, a master, and a mistress.[1]

Cholmley Turner added other Grade I listed buildings, the most notable being the Turner Mausoleum, in memory of his son, and adjoining the Church of St Cuthbert. It is a Grade I listed building on Kirkleatham Lane. The mausoleum was built in 1739–40 by James Gibbs, and restored with added internal cladding in 1839. Entered from the church, it is of Baroque style and of an octagonal plan with south and south-west sides that adjoin the church. It is a single storey with a basement burial chamber. The exterior is heavily rusticated, with an unusually large area vermiculated. It contains the inscription, "This mausoleum was erected 1740 to the memory of Marwood William Turner Esquire the best of sons." Cholmley Turner also retained the architect James Gibbs for building of the chapel at the almshouses.[2]

Cholmley Turner’s nephew Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet, of Kirkleatham, MP for York from 1768 to 1783, continued building upon the estate. His achievement included remodelling Kirkleatham Hall, as well as providing for the further development of the hospital, school, and a library. He also built the adjoining village of Yearby.[2]

In 1894 Kirkleatham became an urban district, but was annexed by Redcar in 1899, after just five years as an independent authority.

In 1918, Kirkleatham was the location of a mooring-out station (a secondary base) for airships protecting the east coast based out of RNAS Howden. The site was only used during the latter half of 1918 and was closed permanently after the Armistice.

Research Tips

This is by far the most complete history of the parishes of the county to be found online. The chapters are ordered by the divisions of the county called wapentakes, but each chapter is linked to the volume's content page.
  • GENUKI has a page on all three ridings of Yorkshire and pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes in the county. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each.
These are based on a gazetteer dated 1835 and there may have been a number of alterations to the parish setup since then. However, it is worthwhile information for the pre civil registration era. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and the submitter is very firm about his copyright. This should not stop anyone from reading the material.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851 which gives the registration district and wapentake for each parish, together with statistics from the 1851 census for the area.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, Yorkshire North Riding, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72.
  • Map of the North Riding divisions in 1888 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • Map of North Riding divisions in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • The above two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
  • Yorkshire has a large number of family history and genealogical societies. A list of the societies will be found on the Yorkshire, England page.
  • In March 2018 Ancestry announced that its file entitled "Yorkshire, England: Church of England Parish Records, 1538-1873" has been expanded to include another 94 parishes (across the three ridings) and expected it to be expanded further during the year. The entries are taken from previously printed parish registers.
  • Kirkleatham is the chapter of the Victoria County History dealing with Kirkleatham parish.