Place:Guisborough, North Riding of Yorkshire, England

Watchers
NameGuisborough
Alt namesGuisbroughsource: spelling variation
Barnabysource: village in parish
Dunsdalesource: village in parish
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish, Urban district
Coordinates54.533°N 1.067°W
Located inNorth Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inYorkshire, England    
Cleveland, England     (1974 - 1996)
North Yorkshire, England     (1996 - )
See alsoLangbaurgh East Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandwapentake in which it was located
Guisborough Rural, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandrural district surrounding Guisborough 1894-1932
Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, Englandunitary authority of which Guisborough has been a part since 1996
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Guisborough is a market town and civil parish in the northeast of England. Since 1996 it has been part of the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland. The town is in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. The civil parish of Guisborough now includes the outlying villages of Hutton Lowcross, Pinchinthorpe, Tocketts, Upleatham, part of Commondale (shared with Danby), Barnaby and Dunsdale.

Prior to the nationwide municipal reorganization of 1974, Guisborough was an urban district in the North Riding of Yorkshire, England. In 1932 the Guisborough Rural District, which contained a number of civil parishes surrounding Guisborough town, was abolished and the area absorbed into the urban district. Historically, it was an ecclesiastical parish in the Langbaurgh East Wapentake.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Guisborough was formerly part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, from 1974 to 1996 part of the County of Cleveland and is now in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland. Gighesbore is recorded in the Domesday Book and the ruined Gisborough Priory dates from the 12th century. The priory and Gisborough Hall (16th century, demolished and rebuilt) are spelt without the first U. Some other old sites and names use that same spelling.

Some theories date the town to the Roman occupation of Britain, when it may have been a military fortification. Discovery of a few Roman artefacts support this, such as the elaborate ceremonial Guisborough Helmet (see below), but the theory remains unproven.

Extensive residential development occurred in the 1960s and 1970s with the expansion of the chemical industry at Wilton and the steel industry at Redcar.

Guisborough market, held every Thursday and Saturday with a few stalls on Tuesday, has long been a focal point for the surrounding area. Originally selling cattle and other livestock, the market developed into a general market for fruit and vegetables, clothing and flowers. It is open from early morning to late afternoon on the recently restored cobbles of Westgate, the principal shopping street.

Guisborough Museum, behind Westgate's Sunnyfield House, exhibits photos of Guisborough's history and inhabitants. There is a working watermill at Tocketts Mill.


The Guisborough Helmet

The Guisborough Helmet is a Roman cavalry helmet found near the town in 1864. It was originally fitted with protective cheek-pieces, which have not survived; the holes by which they were attached can be seen in front of the helmet's ear guards. It is lavishly decorated with engraved and embossed figures, indicating that it was probably used for displays or cavalry tournaments, although it may have been worn in battle. The helmet was found in what appears to have been a carefully arranged deposition in a bed of gravel, distant from any known Roman sites. After it was recovered, during roadworks, it was donated to the British Museum, where it was restored and put on display.

St Nicholas's Church

The Anglican Church of St Nicholas is home to the de Brus cenotaph. A church was possibly in existence in 1290, although the chancel dates from the late 15th century. Its nave and interior have been altered. The church in its present form is the result of major rebuilding between 1903 and 1908 to a design by the architect Temple Moore.

Gisborough Hall

Gisborough Hall, a Victorian mansion, was built in the Jacobean style in 1856. It is the former home of the family of Lord Gisborough; the estate was owned by the Chaloner family from just after the dissolution of Gisborough Priory until the 1940s. Gisborough Hall is a Grade II listed building now converted into a hotel.

Guisborough Town Hall

Guisborough's prominent Town Hall (Grade II Listed) was built on Westgate in 1821 and initially comprised two storeys, being extended to three in 1870. The ground floor served as a shambles, or meat-market, with rooms above, some of which were used from the building's earliest days as solicitors' offices (Lewis 1831, 286 & Baines 1823, 3). The ground floor also contained a cell or vault (Harrison & Dixon 1981, 131). The town hall was last occupied by two firms of solicitors who vacated it in 2014. Its proprietor, a limited company, entered receivership and the building was purchased by Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council due to concern for its future. A community group has been constituted to keep the building in use while maintaining its historic integrity.

Industry

The town shared in the prosperity of the Industrial Revolution through its proximity to the ironstone mines of the North York Moors. One of Teesside's leading ironfounders, Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, chose as his country seat the Alfred Waterhouse-designed Gothic revival Hutton Hall, situated at Hutton Lowcross, near Guisborough. It had its own station on the Middlesbrough-Guisborough branch of the North Eastern Railway, but this closed in 1964.

Research Tips

This is by far the most complete history of the parishes of the county to be found online. The chapters are ordered by the divisions of the county called wapentakes, but each chapter is linked to the volume's content page.
  • GENUKI has a page on all three ridings of Yorkshire and pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes in the county. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each.
These are based on a gazetteer dated 1835 and there may have been a number of alterations to the parish setup since then. However, it is worthwhile information for the pre civil registration era. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and the submitter is very firm about his copyright. This should not stop anyone from reading the material.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851 which gives the registration district and wapentake for each parish, together with statistics from the 1851 census for the area.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, Yorkshire North Riding, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72.
  • Map of the North Riding divisions in 1888 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • Map of North Riding divisions in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • The above two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
  • Yorkshire has a large number of family history and genealogical societies. A list of the societies will be found on the Yorkshire, England page.
  • In March 2018 Ancestry announced that its file entitled "Yorkshire, England: Church of England Parish Records, 1538-1873" has been expanded to include another 94 parishes (across the three ridings) and expected it to be expanded further during the year. The entries are taken from previously printed parish registers.
  • The chapter of the Victoria County History dealing with Guisborough parish.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Guisborough. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.