Alt namesCazaquistãosource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Kasachstansource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 320
Kazachskaja Sovetskaja Socialistčeskaja Respublikasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-117
Kazajstánsource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 60
Kazakh SSRsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 347
Kazakhskayasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 323
Kazakhskaya SSRsource: Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Kazakstansource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 596
Kirghizsource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 469
Qazaqstansource: Wikipedia
Qazaqstan Respublikasïsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 641
Qazaqstan Respūblīkasysource: USBGN Bulletin, no. 14 (1997) p 1
Qirghizsource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 469
Republic of Kazakhstansource: Wikipedia
Coordinates48°N 68°E
Also located inSoviet Union     (1922 - 1991)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan,[1] is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of .[1] It is a transcontinental country largely located in Asia; the most western parts are located in Europe. Kazakhstan is the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil/gas industry. It also has vast mineral resources.[2]

Kazakhstan is officially a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Kazakhstan shares borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and also adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea. The terrain of Kazakhstan includes flatlands, steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow-capped mountains, and deserts. Kazakhstan has an estimated 18.3 million people . Given its large land area, its population density is among the lowest, at less than 6 people per square kilometre (15 people per sq mi). The capital is Astana, where it was moved in 1997 from Almaty, the country's largest city.

The territory of Kazakhstan has historically been inhabited by Turkic nomads who trace their ancestry to many Turkic states such as Turkic Khaganate etc. In the 13th century, the territory joined the Mongolian Empire under Genghis Khan. By the 16th century, the Kazakh emerged as a distinct group, divided into three jüz (ancestor branches occupying specific territories). The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century, and by the mid-19th century, they nominally ruled all of Kazakhstan as part of the Russian Empire. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganised several times. In 1936, it was made the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, part of the Soviet Union.

Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence during the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Nursultan Nazarbayev, the first President of Kazakhstan, was characterized as an authoritarian, and his government was accused of numerous human rights violations, including suppression of dissent and censorship of the media. Nazarbayev resigned in March 2019, with Senate Chairman Kassym-Jomart Tokaev taking office as acting President.[2] Kazakhstan has worked to develop its economy, especially its dominant hydrocarbon industry. Human Rights Watch says that "Kazakhstan heavily restricts freedom of assembly, speech, and religion", and other human rights organisations regularly describe Kazakhstan's human rights situation as poor.

Kazakhstan's 131 ethnicities include Kazakhs (63% of the population), Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Germans, Tatars, and Uyghurs. Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practised by 26%. Kazakhstan officially allows freedom of religion, but religious leaders who oppose the government are suppressed. The Kazakh language is the state language, and Russian has equal official status for all levels of administrative and institutional purposes.[1] Kazakhstan is a member of the United Nations, WTO, CIS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Eurasian Economic Union, CSTO, OSCE, OIC, and TURKSOY.


How places in Kazakhstan are organized

All places in Kazakhstan

Further information on historical place organization in Kazakhstan

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