Place:Culpeper, Virginia, United States

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source: Family History Library Catalog


Image:Culpeper County, VA.jpg

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Culpeper County is a county located in the central region of the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,689. Its county seat and only incorporated community is Culpeper.

Home to some of Virginia's most famous plantation homes and thousands of acres of farmland, the rolling hills of the Piedmont region and the westernmost flats of the Northern Neck collide in rural Culpeper County; leaving both fertile soil and beautiful topography in their wake.

Culpeper County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Culpeper County were a Siouan-speaking sub-group of the Manahoac tribe called the Tegninateo. Culpeper County was established in 1749 from Orange County. The county is named for Thomas Colepeper, 2nd Baron Colepeper, colonial governor of Virginia from 1677 to 1683. During the Civil War the Battle of Cedar Mountain took place on August 9, 1862 and the Battle of Brandy Station on June 9, 1863, in Culpeper County.

In May 1749, the first Culpeper Court convened in the home of Robert Tureman, not far from where the Town of Culpeper is now located. In July 1749, Tureman commissioned 17-year-old George Washington as the first County surveyor. One of his first duties was to lay out the County's courthouse complex, which included the courthouse, jail, stocks, gallows and accessory buildings. By 1752 the complex stood at what is now the northeast corner of Davis and Main Streets. The courthouse village was named the Town of Fairfax after Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693–1781).


During the Virginia convention held in May 1775, the colony was divided into sixteen districts. Each district had instructions to raise a battalion of men "to march at a minute's notice." Culpeper, Orange and Fauquier, forming one district, raised 350 men in "Clayton's old field" on the Catalpa estate, who came to be called the Culpeper Minute Men. In December, the Minute Men, marching under their flag depicting a rattlesnake and inscribed with the words "Liberty or Death" and "Don't Tread on Me", took part in the Battle of Great Bridge, the first Revolutionary battle on Virginia soil. The Culpeper Minute Men reorganized in 1860 in response to the impending Civil War and became part of 13th Infantry's Company B. The Culpeper Minutemen were again organized for World War I, and joined the 116th Infantry.

In 1833, based on the county's growing population and those in the northwestern area needing to have better access to a county seat, Rappahannock County, Virginia was founded by an act of the Virginia General Assembly. The 267 square miles of that county's land was carved from Culpeper County.

Culpeper was the site of the Battle of Brandy Station and the boyhood home to Civil War General A. P. Hill.

The negative impact of the Massive Resistance campaign against school integration led to the statewide election of a pro-desegregation governor. By the middle of the 1970s, Culpeper was the last county in Virginia to desegregrate its public schools. In 2018 Culpeper County Public Schools has six elementary, two middle schools and two high schools. In 1935 the Rotary Club of Culpeper began a college loan fund, which in 1966 became a four-year scholarship based on academic achievement. The group also provides a Technical School scholarship based on academic achievement.

Culpeper County is home to Commonwealth Park, site for many world-class equestrian events. It was here that actor Christopher Reeve suffered his 1995 accident during a competition.

The town of Culpeper was rated #10 by Norman Crampton, author of "The 100 Best Small Towns in America," in February, 1993.

In April 2016, the county Board of Supervisors denied a routine request from the Islamic Center of Culpeper for a pump and haul permit to serve their envisioned mosque. This act resulted in a lawsuit by the U.S. Department of Justice in December.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1749 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1749 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1749 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1749 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1781 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1840 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1864 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 22,105
1800 18,100
1810 18,967
1820 20,944
1830 24,027
1840 11,393
1850 12,282
1860 12,063
1870 12,227
1880 13,408
1890 13,233
1900 14,123
1910 13,472
1920 13,292
1930 13,306
1940 13,365
1950 13,242
1960 15,088
1970 18,218
1980 22,620
1990 27,791

External Links

Statutes at Large, Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia from the First Session of the Legislature in the Year 1619 by W. W. Hening - online!

Culpeper County Clerk of the Circuit Court <http://www.culpepercounty.gov/CircuitCourt/index.asp>
and is located at the County Courthouse on 135 W. Cameron Street, Suite 103, Culpeper Virginia 22701; (540)727-3438
Marriage Records <http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-vital/index.html> from 1781
Land Records <http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-land/index.html> from 1749
Probate Records <http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-probate/index.html> from 1749
Court Records <http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-court/index.html> from 1749



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