Place:Chemung, New York, United States

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Chemung County is a county in the southern tier of the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 88,830. Its county seat is Elmira. Its name is derived from a Delaware Indian village whose name meant "big horn".

Chemung County comprises the Elmira, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Elmira-Corning, NY Combined Statistical Area.

Many signs posted along roads in Chemung County refer to the area as "Mark Twain Country," because the noted author lived and wrote for many years in Elmira.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

For the history of Chemung County prior to its creation by partition, see Tioga County, New York.

Chemung County was formed from of Tioga County in 1836.

In 1854, Chemung County was divided and became Schuyler County, reducing Chemung to , its current size.

In the late 1870s, the Greenback Party became prominent in Chemung and nearby counties in western New York. Here it was primarily allied with labor in a critique of capital, reaching its peak in 1878, the year following the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and the Scranton General Strike in Pennsylvania. There were also strikes that year in Albany, Syracuse and Buffalo, starting with the railroad workers. In Steuben and Chemung counties, Greenbackers were elected to county councils in 1878 instead of Democrats, and others were elected from there and nearby counties to the state legislature, gaining votes of more than 25 percent in several of the Southern Tier counties. It gradually declined after that, due to internal dissension and the strength of the two major parties.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1836 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1836 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1840 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1860 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1840 20,732
1850 28,821
1860 26,917
1870 35,281
1880 43,065
1890 48,265
1900 54,063
1910 54,662
1920 65,872
1930 74,680
1940 73,718
1950 86,827
1960 98,706
1970 101,537
1980 97,656
1990 95,195

Research Tips

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Chemung County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county and town histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.rootsweb.com/~nychemun/chemweb.htm


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