Place:Bunbury, Cheshire, England

Alt namesBowe's Gatesource: hamlet in parish
Lower Bunburysource: hamlet in parish
Higher Bunburysource: hamlet in parish
Gosland Greensource: hamlet in parish
Sadler's Wellssource: hamlet in parish
Woodworth Greensource: hamlet in parish
TypeAncient parish, Civil parish, Village
Coordinates53.118°N 2.645°W
Located inCheshire, England
See alsoBroxton Hundred, Cheshire, Englandhundred in which it was situated until 1866
Eddisbury Hundred, Cheshire, Englandhundred in which it was situated after 1866
Nantwich Rural, Cheshire, Englandrural district covering part of the area 1894-1974
Tarvin Rural, Cheshire, Englandrural district covering part of the area 1894-1974
Chester City District, Cheshire, Englanddistrict municipality covering part of the area 1974-2009
Crewe and Nantwich District, Cheshire, Englanddistrict municipality covering part of the area 1974-2009
Cheshire East, Cheshire, Englandunitary authority covering part of the area since 2009
Cheshire West and Chester, Cheshire, Englandunitary authority covering part of the area since 2009
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Bunbury is a village and civil parish which since 2009 has been located in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It is south of Tarporley, northwest of Nantwich, and on the Shropshire Union Canal. According to the 2001 Census, the parish had a population of 1,308.

end of Wikipedia contribution

Bunbury was a township in the larger Bunbury ancient parish in the Broxton Hundred. The township became a civil parish in 1866. It includes the hamlets of Bowe's Gate, Gosland Green, Sadler's Wells and Woodworth Green. The population was 519 in 1801, 931 in 1851, 820 in 1901, and 915 in 1951. (Source:GENUKI)

Image:Bunbury ancient parish colour 4half.png

Bunbury ancient parish

As an ancient parish Bunbury included the following townships which became independent civil parishes:

The boundary between Tarvin Rural District and Nantwich Rural District split the ancient parish in two. This is also true of the Registration Districts representing the townships since 1837 and of the administrative districts covering the area since 1974. Beeston, Burwardsley, Tilstone Fearnall and Tiverton were in the Broxton Hundred and are now in Cheshire West and Chester, while the townships located further east were in Eddisbury Hundred and are now in Cheshire East.

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Bunbury from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"BUNBURY, a township, a parish, and a [registration] subdistrict in the [registration] district of Nantwich, Cheshire. The township lies on the Chester canal and the Chester and Crewe railway, near the Calveley station, 3½ miles SSE of Tarporley; and it has a post office of the name of Higher Bunbury, under Tarporley, and fairs on 11 and 12 Feb., and 30 and 31 July. Acres: 1,140. Real property: £4,229. Population: 990. Houses: 209.
"The parish contains also the townships of Tiverton, Tilstone-Fearnall, Beeston, Alpraham, Calveley, Wardle, Haughton, Spurstow, Ridley, Peckforton, and Burwardsley. Acres: 16,830. Real property: £28,879. Population: 4,727. Houses: 927. The manor belonged to Hugh Lupus; and passed to the Bunburys.
"A college for a master and six chaplains was founded here, in 1386, by Sir Hugh de Calveley; and was purchased from the Crown, in the time of Elizabeth, by Thomas Aldersey of London, who gave the income for charitable uses.
"The living is a vicarage, united with the [perpetual] curacies of Peckforton and Calveley, in the diocese of Chester. Value: £117. Patrons, the Haberdashers' Company. The church is later English; has a side chapel and a pinnacled tower; was injured by the royalists in 1643; underwent complete restoration in 1865; and contains monuments of Calveley, the Cheshire hero of the 14th century, and Beeston, the commander against the Spanish armada. The [perpetual] curacies of Tilstone and Burwardsley are separate benefices. There are seven dissenting chapels, two national schools, and charities £46.
"The subdistrict contains three parishes and part of another. Population: 7,959."

Research Tips


  • See the Wikipedia articles on parishes and civil parishes for descriptions of this lowest rung of local administration. The original parishes (known as ancient parishes) were ecclesiastical, under the jurisdiction of the local priest and his bishop. A parish covered a specific geographical area and was sometimes equivalent to that of a manor. Sometimes, in the case of very large rural parishes, there were chapelries where a "chapel of ease" allowed parishioners to worship closer to their homes. In the 19th century the term civil parish was adopted to define parishes with a secular form of local government. In WeRelate both civil and ecclesiastical parishes are included in the type of place called a "parish". Smaller places within parishes, such as chapelries and hamlets that never became independent civil parishes, have been redirected into the parish in which they are located. The names of these smaller places are italicized within the text.
  • Rural districts were groups of geographically close civil parishes in existence between 1894 and 1974. They were formed as a middle layer of administration between the county and the civil parish. Inspecting the archives of a rural district will not be of much help to the genealogist or family historian, unless there is need to study land records in depth.
  • Registration districts were responsible for civil registration or vital statistics and census records. The boundaries of these districts were revised from time to time depending on population density and local government organization. To ascertain the registration district to which a parish belonged in the timeframe in question, see Registration Districts in Cheshire, part of the UK_BMD website.

Helpful Sources

  • Cheshire Archives and Local Studies are the local keepers of historical material for the county. But archives for places that were absorbed into Greater Manchester and Merseyside in 1974 may have been moved to the archive centres for the metropolitan county concerned.
  • FamilySearch Cheshire Research Wiki provides a good overview of the county and also articles on most of the individual parishes (very small or short-lived ones may have been missed).
  • The GENUKI pages on Cheshire and its parishes point to many other sources of information on places within the county. The many small parishes and townships that existed before 1866 are treated individually as well as the larger towns and conurbations. The GENUKI pages for individual parishes now include a map of the parish and its surrounding area.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time also has summaries and lists of statistics for each parish, but its organization is not for the beginning family historian in a hurry.
  • The pay websites Ancestry and FindMyPast have a number of county-wide collections of censuses, Church of England baptisms, marriages and burials (some from the 1500s), and some providing microfilm copies of the manuscript entries. An international subscription is necessary to access Ancestry's UK holdings.
  • A book entitled The history of the county palatine and city of Chester with the subtitle "compiled from original evidences in public offices, the Harleian and Cottonian mss., parochial registers, private muniments, unpublished ms. collections of successive Cheshire antiquaries, and a personal survey of every township in the county, incorporated with a re-publication of King's Vale royal and Leycester's Cheshire antiquities" by George Ormerod and others was published in 1819. It has been quoted by WR users interested in families traced before 1600. It is available online as images of the original pages at the Open Library (Google Books) as Vol I, Vol II and Vol III.
  • Unfortunately, the Institute of Historical Research only includes two volumes of the Victoria County History for Cheshire on their website and these only cover the City of Chester. There may be other volumes to this series in print, but a Google Search does not indicate any further volumes online.


  • Cheshire Archives and Local Studies have organized a facility to compare tithe maps circa 1830 and 19th century Ordnance Survey maps with the modern Ordnance Survey. These are available for every civil parish. A knob in the centre of the screen allows the user to move back and forth between the old and the new view. Use the key on the left to show other possibilities including land ownership.
  • The diagrammatical map of Sanitary Districts in Cheshire showing Civil Parishes 1888 produced by the Ordnance Survey and provided by A Vision of Britain through Time is helpful. "Sanitary Districts" were the predecessors of rural districts and usually followed the same boundaries.
  • The Ordnance Survey map of Cheshire circa 1900 supplied by A Vision of Britain through Time shows invidual settlements as well as parishes. There were significant administrative changes in the decade 1890-1900 that have led to some civil parishes absorbed into adjacent urban districts being omitted from this map.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time provides a series of maps from the Ordnance Survey illustrating the towns and villages of Cheshire and also the borders between parishes. The following group of maps provide views of the county at various dates, illustrating the changes in administrative structure.
  • For a close-up view of an area as it looked in the 19th century, try the National Library of Scotland provision. The maps include the Ordnance Survey (OS) 25-inch to the mile series for England and Wales for the period 1841-1952. Country estates and factory buildings on the edge of towns are labelled; roads, railways, rivers and canals are shown.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Bunbury, Cheshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.