Alt namesBlgariyasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 99-100
Bulgariesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 42
Bulgariensource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 134
Bulgariyasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 99-100
Bulgáriasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1989) p 343
Bâlgarijasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319; Shanks, International Atlas (1991) p 40
Bŭlgariasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Narodna Republika Bulgariyasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 131-132
People's Republic of Bulgariasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 188-190
Republic of Bulgariasource: Wikipedia
Republika Bŭlgariasource: Britannica Book of the Year (1992) p 563; Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 573
Coordinates43°N 25°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bulgaria ,, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. With a territory of , Bulgaria is Europe's 16th-largest country.

Organised prehistoric cultures began developing on Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period. Its ancient history saw the presence of the Thracians and later the Greeks and Romans. The emergence of a unified Bulgarian state dates back to the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 AD, which dominated most of the Balkans and functioned as a cultural hub for Slavs during the Middle Ages. With the downfall of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1396, its territories came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) led to the formation of the Third Bulgarian State. The following years saw several conflicts with its neighbours, which prompted Bulgaria to align with Germany in both world wars. In 1946 it became a single-party socialist state as part of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc. In December 1989 the ruling Communist Party allowed multi-party elections, which subsequently led to Bulgaria's transition into a democracy and a market-based economy.

Bulgaria's population of 7.4 million people is predominantly urbanised and mainly concentrated in the administrative centres of its 28 provinces. Most commercial and cultural activities are centred on the capital and largest city, Sofia. The strongest sectors of the economy are heavy industry, power engineering, and agriculture, all of which rely on local natural resources.

The country's current political structure dates to the adoption of a democratic constitution in 1991. Bulgaria is a unitary parliamentary republic with a high degree of political, administrative, and economic centralisation. It is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe; a founding state of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE); and has taken a seat at the UN Security Council three times.


How places in Bulgaria are organized

All places in Bulgaria

Further information on historical place organization in Bulgaria

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