Place:Bourges, Cher, France


Alt namesAsnièressource: Family History Library Catalog
Avaricumsource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 37; Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) p 129
Betoregassource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 37
Betoregascisource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 37
Betoricasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 37
Betorixsource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 37
Beturigassource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 37
Bitoricasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 37
Bituricaesource: Guide Bleu: France (1959) p 378
Coordinates47.083°N 2.383°E
Located inCher, France
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bourges is a commune in central France on the river Yèvre. It is the capital of the department of Cher, and also was the capital city of the former province of Berry.



the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The name of the commune derives either from the Bituriges, the name of the original inhabitants, or from the Germanic word (French: bourg; Spanish: burgo; English, others: burgh, , or borough), for "hill" or "village". The Celts called it Avaricon; Latin-speakers: Avaricum. In the fourth century BC, as in the time of Caesar, the area around it was the center of a Gallic (Celtic) confederacy.

In 52 BC, the sixth year of the Gallic Wars, while the Gauls implemented a scorched-earth policy to try to deny Caesar's forces supplies, the inhabitants of Avaricum begged not to have their town burned. It was temporarily spared due to its good defences provided by the surrounding marshes, by a river that nearly encircled it, and by a strong southern wall. Julius Caesar's forces, nevertheless, captured and destroyed the town, killing all but 800 of its inhabitants.

Rome reconstructed Avaricum as a Roman town, with a monumental gate, aqueducts, thermae and an amphitheatre; it reached a greater size than it would attain during the Middle Ages. The massive walls surrounding the late-Roman town, enclosing 40 hectares, were built in part with stone re-used from earlier public buildings.

The third-century AD Saint Ursinus, also known as Saint Ursin, is considered the first bishop of the town. Bourges functions as the seat of an archbishopric. During the 8th century Bourges lay on the northern fringes of the Duchy of Aquitaine and was therefore the first town to come under Frankish attacks when the Franks crossed the Loire. The Frankish Charles Martel captured the town in 731, but Duke Odo the Great of Aquitaine immediately re-took it. It remained under the rule of counts who pledged allegiance to the Aquitanian dukes up to the destructive siege by the Frankish King Pepin the Short in 762, when Basque troops are found defending the town along with its count.

During the Middle Ages, Bourges served as the capital of the Viscounty of Bourges until 1101. In the fourteenth century, it became the capital of the Duchy of Berry (established in 1360). The future king of France, Charles VII, sought refuge there in the 1420s during the Hundred Years' War. His son, Louis XI, was born there in 1423. In 1438, Charles VII decreed the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges. During this period, Bourges was a major centre of alchemy.

The Gothic Cathedral of Saint Étienne, begun at the end of the twelfth century, ranks as a World Heritage Site. It is considered one of the earliest examples of the High Gothic style of the thirteenth century.

Bourges has a long tradition of art and history. Apart from the cathedral, other sites of importance include the 15th-century Palais Jacques Cœur and a sixty-five-hectare district of half-timbered houses and fine town-houses.

Personnes mentionnées dans les actes à cause de leur fonction locale

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Adjoints au maire


Instituteurs, maîtres ou recteurs d'école

Patronymes courants

External links

  • For more information, see the FR Wikipedia article Bourges.

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