Person:Charles VII of France (1)

Charles VII _____, of France
b.22 Feb 1403 Paris, Paris, France
Facts and Events
Name Charles VII _____, of France
Gender Male
Birth[1] 22 Feb 1403 Paris, Paris, FranceHouse of Valois
Marriage Contract 18 Dec 1413 Paris, Paris, FrancePalais du Louvre
to Marie d'Anjou
Marriage 2 Jun 1422 Tours, Indre-et-Loire, Franceto Marie d'Anjou
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Agnès Sorel
Death[1] 22 Jul 1461 Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Cher, France
Burial[1] Basilique Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France
Reference Number? Q133372?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charles VII (22 February 1403 – 22 July 1461), called the Victorious or the Well-Served, was King of France from 1422 to his death in 1461.

In the midst of the Hundred Years' War, Charles VII inherited the throne of France under desperate circumstances. Forces of the Kingdom of England and the duke of Burgundy occupied Guyenne and northern France, including Paris, the most populous city, and Reims, the city in which French kings were traditionally crowned. In addition, his father, Charles VI, had disinherited him in 1420 and recognized Henry V of England and his heirs as the legitimate successors to the French crown. At the same time, a civil war raged in France between the Armagnacs (supporters of the House of Valois) and the Burgundian party (supporters of the House of Valois-Burgundy, which was allied to the English).

With his court removed to Bourges, south of the Loire River, Charles was disparagingly called the "King of Bourges", because the area around this city was one of the few remaining regions left to him. However, his political and military position improved dramatically with the emergence of Joan of Arc as a spiritual leader in France. Joan and other charismatic figures led French troops to lift the sieges of Orléans and other strategic cities on the Loire river, and to crush the English at the battle of Patay. With the local English troops dispersed, the people of Reims switched allegiance and opened their gates, which enabled the coronation of Charles VII at Reims Cathedral in 1429. Six years later, he ended the English-Burgundian alliance by signing the Treaty of Arras with Burgundy, followed by the recovery of Paris in 1436 and the steady reconquest of Normandy in the 1440s using a newly organized professional army and advanced siege cannons. Following the battle of Castillon in 1453, the French expelled the English from all their continental possessions except the Pale of Calais.

The last years of Charles VII were marked by conflicts with his turbulent son, the future Louis XI of France.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charles VII of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.