Place:Świdnica, Świdnica, Wrocław, Poland

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NameŚwidnica
Alt namesSchweidnitzsource: Wikipedia
Świdnicasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeTown
Coordinates50.25°N 16.483°E
Located inŚwidnica, Wrocław, Poland
Also located inWrocław, Poland    
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Świdnica is a city in south-western Poland in the region of Silesia. It has a population of 59,002 inhabitants according to 2014 figures. It lies in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, being the seventh largest town in that voivodeship. From 1975–98 it was in the former Wałbrzych Voivodeship. It is now the seat of Świdnica County, and also of the smaller district of Gmina Świdnica (although it is not part of the territory of the latter, as the town forms a separate urban gmina). Świdnica became part of the Wałbrzych agglomeration on 23 January 2014.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The city's name was first recorded as Svidnica in 1070. Świdnica became a town in 1250, although no founding document has survived that would confirm this fact. The town belonged to the Duchy of Wrocław, a province of Poland. By 1290, the town had city walls and six gates, crafts and trade were blossoming, and in 1291-1392 it was the capital of the Piast-ruled Duchy of Świdnica and Jawor. The last Polish Piast duke was Bolko II of Świdnica, and after his death in 1368 the duchy was held by his wife until 1392; after her death it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Bohemia by Wenceslaus IV, King of Bohemia. In 1493, the town is recorded by Hartmann Schedel in his Nuremberg Chronicle as Schwednitz

In 1526, all of Silesia, including Świdnica, came under the rule of the Habsburg Monarchy. The city was in the surrounding Duchy of Schweidnitz. The Thirty Years' War (1618–48) ravaged the Duchy. Świdnica was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the First Silesian War (1740–42). It was subsequently turned into a fortress by Frederick II of Prussia's army.

It was captured again by Austria in late 1762, during the Third Silesian War, or Seven Years' War, but remained Prussian after the end of the war. Subsequently, it became part of the Prussian-led German Empire in 1871 during the unification of Germany and stayed within Germany until the end of World War II. In addition, the World War I flying ace Lothar von Richthofen was buried here, until the city became owned by Poland after World War II in which the graveyard was leveled.

After the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, the town, like most of Silesia, became part of Poland under border changes promulgated at the Potsdam Conference. Those members of the German population who had not already fled their homes or had been killed during the war were subsequently expelled to the remainder of Germany for new Polish citizens to take their place, some of whom had themselves been expelled from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union.

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