Person:Rosa McCauley (1)

  1. Rosa Louise McCauley1913 - 2005
  2. Sylvester James McCauley1915 - 1977
m. 18 Dec 1932
Facts and Events
Name Rosa Louise McCauley
Gender Female
Birth[1][3] 4 Feb 1913 Tuskegee, Macon, Alabama, United States
Census[4] 1920 Pine Level, Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Census[5] 1930 Pine Level, Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Marriage 18 Dec 1932 Montgomery, Alabama, United Statesto Raymond Arthur Parks
Census 1940 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United StatesSouth Union Street
with Raymond Arthur Parks
Residence 1941 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United States526 South Union
with Raymond Arthur Parks
Residence 1945 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United Stateswith Raymond Arthur Parks
Residence 1946 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United States22 Mill
with Raymond Arthur Parks
Residence 1949 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United States22 Mill
with Raymond Arthur Parks
Residence 1954 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United Stateswith Raymond Arthur Parks
Other[2] 1 Dec 1955 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Residence 1957 Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United States634 Cleveland CT
with Raymond Arthur Parks
Death[1][3] 24 Oct 2005 Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States
Burial[3] Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United StatesWoodlawn Cemetery
Reference Number? Q41921?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to relinquish her seat in the "colored section" to a white passenger, after the whites-only section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, but the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws. Parks' prominence in the community and her willingness to become a controversial figure inspired the black community to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year, the first major direct action campaign of the post-war civil rights movement. Her case became bogged down in the state courts, but the federal Montgomery bus lawsuit Browder v. Gayle succeeded in November 1956.

Parks' act of defiance and the Montgomery bus boycott became important symbols of the movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP; and Martin Luther King, Jr., a new minister in Montgomery who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement and went on to win a Nobel Peace Prize.

At the time, Parks was secretary of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP. She had recently attended the Highlander Folk School, a Tennessee center for training activists for workers' rights and racial equality. She acted as a private citizen "tired of giving in". Although widely honored in later years, she also suffered for her act; she was fired from her job as a seamstress in a local department store, and received death threats for years afterwards.

Shortly after the boycott, she moved to Detroit, where she briefly found similar work. From 1965 to 1988 she served as secretary and receptionist to John Conyers, an African-American US Representative. She was also active in the Black Power movement and the support of political prisoners in the US.

After retirement, Parks wrote her autobiography and continued to insist that the struggle for justice was not over and there was more work to be done. In her final years, she suffered from dementia. Parks received national recognition, including the NAACP's 1979 Spingarn Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Gold Medal, and a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol's National Statuary Hall. Upon her death in 2005, she was the first woman to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda, becoming the third of only four Americans to ever receive this honor. California and Missouri commemorate Rosa Parks Day on her birthday February 4, while Ohio and Oregon commemorate the occasion on the anniversary of the day she was arrested, December 1.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Rosa Parks. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Social Security Applications and Claims, 1936-2007.
    Jul 1944: Name listed as ROSA LOUISE PARKS
  2. Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Find a grave Rosa Parks
  4. 1920 Federal Census
  5. 1930 Federal Census