Person:Robert Peck (33)

Rev. Robert Peck
m. Est 1572
  1. Richard PeckCal 1574 - 1615
  2. Nicholas PeckCal 1576 - 1648
  3. Rev. Robert PeckEst 1580 - 1656
  4. Margaret PeckEst 1582 -
  5. Martha PeckEst 1584 -
  6. Joseph Peck1587 - 1663
  7. Samuel PeckEst 1589 - Est 1619
  • HRev. Robert PeckEst 1580 - 1656
  • WAnne LawrenceEst 1586 - 1648
m. Bef 1607
  1. Robert Peck1607 - Bef 1651
  2. Thomas Peck1608 -
  3. Joseph Peck1610 -
  4. Benjamin Peck1611 - Bef 1651
  5. Samuel Peck1612/13 - Bef 1651
  6. Nathaniel Peck1614 - Bef 1651
  7. Daniel PeckBef 1616 - 1616
  8. Anne Peck1619 - Bef 1672
Facts and Events
Name[1][2] Rev. Robert Peck
Gender Male
Birth[1] Est 1580 Beccles, Suffolk, England
Degree[2] 1599 B.A. Magdalen College, Cambridge
Degree[2] 1603 M.A. Magdalen College, Cambridge
Ordination[2] 8 Jan 1605 Hingham, Norfolk, EnglandMinister of the Church at Hingham.
Occupation[1][2] Bet 1605 and 1656 Minister
Marriage Bef 1607 to Anne Lawrence
Excommunication[1] 1636 For nonconformity.
Emigration[1][2] 1638 On the Diligent
Ordination[1] 28 Nov 1638 Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United StatesTeacher of the Church at Hingham.
Emigration[1][2] 1641 Return to England.
Will[1] 24 Jul 1651 Hingham, Norfolk, England
Death[1] 1656 Hingham, Norfolk, England
Burial[1] Hingham, Norfolk, England
Probate[1] 10 Apr 1658 London, England

John Brooks Threlfall's Summary of the Life of Rev. Robert Peck

"Robert Peck (Robert, Robert), was born about 1580, probably in Beccles, Suffolk, England. The Parish Registers for Beccles do not begin until 1586. … Probably that year (1605) or the next, Robert Peck married his first wife, Ann Lawrence, the daughter of John and (Agnes?) (Herne) Lawrence of Saint James, South Elmham, Suffolk.

Reverend Peck served at Hingham, England for 30 years, until he was deprived of his living in 1636. He was excommunicated for nonconformity and then threatened with citation to the High Commission Court. But he had obviously become very popular with his parishioners in those 30 years, for when he escaped to New England in 1638, 132 others from Hingham and vicinity joined him. They arrived at Boston, Massachusetts on 10 August 1638 on the Diligent from Ipswich, Suffolk, England. Robert Peck and his wife, 2 children, and 2 servants in his household. The entire company apparently settled in Hingham, Massachusetts.

On 28 November 1638, Robert Peck was ordained a teacher in the Hingham church. His difficulties with the church authorities in England would have barred him from officially being the minister. He was admitted a freeman on 13 March 1638/9.

Winthrop records under 2 June 1641 that Parliament was engaged upon a general reformation of both church and state. Robert Peck no lo[n]ger needed to stay in America. He embarked for England on 27 October 1641 with his wife, son Joseph, and a maid. He never returned to New England and was reinstated in his former parish, serving from 1646-56.

Ann (Lawrence) Peck died in Hingham, England, being buried there on 30 August 1648. Reverend Peck married second Martha Bacon, widow of James Bacon, rector of Burgate, Suffolk.

Reverend Peck is said to have died in 1656, being buried in his churchyard at Hingham, England."[1]

Ira Ballou Peck's Summary of the Life of Rev. Robert Peck

"Rev. Robert Peck … was born at Beccles, Suffolk County, England, in 1580. He was graduated at Magdalen College, Cambridge; the degree of A. B. was conferred upon him in 1599, and that of A. M., in 1603. He was set apart to the ministry, and inducted over the church at Hingham, Norfolk County, England, January 8, 1605, where he remained until 1638, when he fled from the persecutions of the church to this country.

He was a talented and influential clergyman, a zealous preacher, and a nonconformist to the superstitious ceremonies and corruptions of the church, for which he was persecuted and driven from the country. Brooks, in his lives of the puritans, gives many facts of interest in relation to him. In particularizing some of the offences for which he and his followers were persecuted, he says, 'for having catechised his family, and sung a psalm in his own house on a Lord's day evening, when some of his neighbors attended, his lordship (Bishop Harsnet) enjoined all who were present to do penance, requiring them to say, I confess my errors,' etc.

Those who refused were immediately excommunicated, and required to pay heavy costs. This, Mr. Brooks says, appears from the bishop's manuscripts under his own hands. He says, 'he was driven from his flock, deprived of his benefice, and forced to seek his bread in a foreign land.'

Cotton Mather in speaking of him says, he was by the good providence of heaven fetched away into New England about the year 1638, when the good people of Hingham did rejoice in the light for a season; but within two or three years, the invitation of his friends of Hingham, England, pursuaded him to return to them, where being though great in person for stature, yet greater for spirit, he was greatly serviceable for the good of the church.

He arrived here in 1638. In relation to his arrival, the town clerk at Hingham here says: 'Mr. Robert Peck, preacher of the gospel in the Town of Hingham, in the County of Norfolk, old England, with his wife and two children, and two servants, came over the sea and settled in this town of Hingham, and he was a Teacher of the Church.' Mr. Hobart, of Hingham, says in his diary, that he was ordained here teacher of the church, November 28, 1638. His name frequently appears upon the records of the town. He had lands granted him.

His family as seen upon the chart consisted of nine children. His son Joseph and daughter Anne came over with him. He was twice married. His first wife Anne, died at Hingham, England, and was buried there August 30, 1648. His second wife was Mrs. Martha Bacon, widow of James Bacon, Rector of Burgate.

He remained here until the long Parliament, or until the persecutions in England ceased, when he returned and resumed his Rectorship at Hingham.

Mr. Hobart says he returned October 27, 1641; and Mr. Cushing, the town clerk, says his wife and son Joseph returned with him; his daughter Anne remaining here. She married Captain John Mason, 'the conqueror of the Pequots.' [Her children were, Priscilla, Samuel, John, Rachel, Ann, Daniel and Elizabeth. Samuel married for his second wife his second cousin Elizabeth Peck, daughter of Joseph Peck, of Rehoboth, Mass.]

He died at Hingham, England, and was buried in his churchyard there. His funeral sermon was preached by Nathaniel Joslin and published. [In Bloomfield's History of Norfolk is an allusion to Robert Peck, evidently prejudiced, and as incorrect in other respects as it is in its dates.]

His church (St. Andrews) at Hingham was a noble structure with a lofty tower, containing eight musical bells."[2]

Will

"The following is a copy of his will:

July the xxiiijth 1651

I Robert Pecke Minister of the word of God at Hingham in the countye of Norff beinge in bodilye health and perfect memory knowinge the unceartainety of mans life, doe dispose of that worldly estate God hath given me in manner and form followinge

Imprimus I give and bequeath unto Thomas my Sonne and Samuel my Sonne and their heirs forever All that my messuage wherein I now dwell situate and lyenge in Hingham a forsaid with all the edifices yards and orchards thereunto belonginge As alsoe the Inclose and Barnes adioyninge As olso one Inclose now devided called The Lady close conteyninge about eight acres be it more or less As olso one pightell at the end thereof conteyninge twoe acres and d,d uppon condicons followinge, and for the paiement of such legacies as are herein expressed

First I will and bequeath unto Robert Pecke sonne of my sonne Robert deceased the sume of 20£ at his age of 23 years

Item I give unto John Pecke sonne of the said Robert deceased 10£ To be paid to him at his age of 22 years

Item I give unto Beniamin Pecke the youngest sonne of the said Robert deceased at his age of 22 years 20£

Item I give to the children of Anne Mason my daughter wife of captain John Mason of Seabrooke on the river Connecticut in new England the sume of Forty pounds to be devided equally unto them and to be sent to my sonne John Mason to dispose of it for their use within 2 years after my death

Item I give to my sonne Joseph Dureinge his natural life the sume of 14£ yearlie to be in the hands of my Sonnes Thomas and Samuel as it shall arise out of my houses lands and chatties for his maintenance with necessarie foode and apparreil duringe the terme of his naturall life And I doe wholie comitt my said Sonne Joseph to the care of my twoe sonnes Thomas and Samuell to provide for him in such a way as he may not want things necessary for his livelihood [obvious from this wording that Joseph was not able to live independently]

Item I give to the children of Thomas and Samuell my sonnes which shall be liveinge at my decease the sume of Five pounds apiece at their severall ages of 21 years

Item I give to my now wife Martha Pecke 40£ To be paid wthin twoe months after my decease Item I give to the poore of Hingham 5£ To be destrubted at the discrecon of my Executors Thomas Pecke and Samuel Pecke whome I do ordeyne and make Executors of this my last will and Testament confiding that they will faithfully fulfill and perforame this my last will according to my trust reposed in them

All my other goods cattells debts moneys household stuffe or whatsoever ells belongeth unto me I give and bequeath to my said Executors toards payeinge of my legacies alrerdy bequeathed and towards the bringinge of my body to buriall which I desire if I depart this life in Hingham may be entered in the church yard near unto Anne my wife deceased

In witness whereof I have written this my last will and testament with my own hand the day and yeare above written

Robert Peck [his signature]

This will was proved at London before the judges for probate of Wills and granting of Administrations the tenth day of April in the year of our Lord God One thousand six hundred fiftye and eight"[2]

References
  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Threlfall, John B. Fifty Great Migration Colonists to New England & their Origins. (Madison, Wisconsin: J.B. Threlfall, 1990)
    289-290.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Peck, Ira Ballou. A Genealogical History of the Descendants of Joseph Peck, who Emigrated with His Family to This country in 1638: and Records of his Father's and Grandfather's Families in England, with the Pedigree Extending back from Son to Father for Twenty Generations, with their Coat of Arms, and Copies of Wills, and also an Appendix ... (Boston, Mass.: Alfred Mudge & Son, 1868)
    25-28.


Diligent (1638)
This lists derives from the memory of passenger Daniel Cushing, who wrote the list some 40 years later when he was town clerk at Hingham.
Sailed: 26 Apr 1638 from Gravesend, England (or in June from Ipswich, Suffolk) under Master John Martin
Arrived: 10 Aug 1638 at Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony (passengers destined for Hingham, Massachusetts)

Passengers:
~100 (Full List)
Bozoun & Anne Allen - Richard Baxter - James Buck - Mrs. Christian Chamberlain - Henry Chamberlain family - Matthew Cushing family - John Fearing - John Folsom family - Stephen Gates family - Edward Gilman family - Matthew & Margaret Hawke - Francis & Elizabeth James - Philip James family - George Knights family - Mrs. Joan Lincoln - Stephen Lincoln family - Thomas Lincoln - Edward Mitchell - John Morfield - Jeremiah Moore - Samuel Packer family - Stephen Paine family - Rev. Robert Peck family - Joseph Peck family - William Pitts- William Ripley family - Robert Skoulding family - Henry Smith - Thomas Sucklin - John Sutton family - John Tuff – (And about 20 Servants)

Resources: Primary Sources:
Other information: Notes on passengers