Person:Max Schwartz (2)

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Max Schwartz
b.14 July 1890 Trochenbrod, Ukraine
m. 22 December 1922
m. 15 December 1963
Facts and Events
Name Max Schwartz
Gender Male
Alt Birth[6] 10 January 1890 Trochenbrod, Ukraine
Birth[9] 14 July 1890 Trochenbrod, Ukraine
Alt Birth[5] 10 January 1891 Trochenbrod, Ukraine
Marriage 1910 Philadelphia County, Pennsylvaniato Sarah "Sara" Lipshutz
Marriage 22 December 1922 Los Angeles County, Californiato Freide "Freida" Kramer
Marriage 15 December 1963 Los Angeles County, Californiato Estelle Melnick
Death[5] 21 June 1971 Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, California

About Max Schwartz

Max Schwartz was born in 1890/91 in Trochenbrod, Ukraine (then the Russian Empire). His birthdate has been variously recorded in different records as either 14 July 1890 [Declaration of Intention in 1911 and Petition for Naturalization in 1914], 10 January 1890 [Social Security Death Index], or 10 January 1891 [California Death Index]. The birthdate of 14 July 1890 is likely more accurate as that date is stated on the two Naturalization records that were both signed by Max, and it includes the name of his wife, Sarah, as well as the name and birthdate of his daughter Mollie [Mildred], who was born August 9, 1911 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Max also stated in his Petition for Naturalization that he arrived in America on the ship S.S. Merion, which sailed from Liverpool to Philadelphia and arrived on 16 June 1906. His occupation was then listed as a "Presser", which was a person whose occupation was pressing or ironing clothes in a laundry or dry-cleaning establishment. This agrees with his occupation as stated in the 1910 U.S. Census, which lists Max's occupation as an "Presser" in a factory. Max was then listed as a "Boarder" living with the family of Samuel Bolden, his wife Sophie and their family. Max's [future first] wife Sarah Lipshutz was listed in the 1910 Census as an "Operator" making "Coats", so it is possible that Max Schwartz and his wife may have met working together in the same trade or industry.

By 1920, Max Schwartz had become the "Keeper of a Grocery Store", which according to family history was a corner grocery store in Philadelphia. His two sons, Abraham [age 4] and Benjamin [age 2] were then too young to have worked in the family business. Max's wife Sarah died sometime between January 1920 [likely in Philadelphia, PA], when she was listed in the 1920 U.S. Census, and before 22 December 1922, when Max had re-married to his second wife Frieda Kramer in Los Angeles, California. In 1930, Max [age 39] again was listed as the "Proprietor of a Grocery Store" in the U.S. Census, living with his [2nd] wife Frieda [age 42] and his children Mildred "Molly" [age 18], Abraham [age 15] and Benjamin [age 13].

In 1940, Max [age 50] and his wife Freda [age 52] were living at the home that they owned on Blanchard St. that they were also living in during the 1930 U.S. Census. Living with them were two "Lodgers", Rose Brodin [age 48] and Jack Goldberg [age 21]. Max was again listed as having a 3rd Grade education, was the Proprietor of a Retail Grocery store, and had worked 52 weeks in 1939 and 72 hours in the week prior to the Census. Clearly Max worked hard in supporting his family for many years, and grew his grocery store, which was later called Foods Co. Stores into one of the leading independent chain in Southern California with 16 locations.

In 1955, Max Schwartz, Abe Schwartz and Ben Schwartz were listed as "co-partners" of Foods Co. in legal documents [Records and Briefs of the United States Supreme Court, October Term 1955] in a suit of many grocery chains in California against the Retail Clerks Union Local 770. Foods Co. would continue to grow and prosper under the leadership of Max and his sons Abe and Ben during the 1950's, 1960's and into the 1970's. Max lost his second wife Freidaon 18 October 1961 when she passed away in Los Angeles County. He would marry a third time on 15 December 1963 in Los Angeles County to Estelle Melnick, who had also immigrated from Russia.

Max Schwartz passed away on 21 June 1971 in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, California. His sons Abe and Ben would continue to run and operate Foods Co. markets for another 16 years until it was sold in 1987.

References
  1.   United States. 1910 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (National Archives Microfilm Publication T624).

    Name: Max Schwartz
    Age in 1910: 21
    Birth Year: abt 1889
    Birthplace: Russia
    Home in 1910: Philadelphia Ward 2, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Street: Titan Street
    Race: White
    Gender: Male
    Immigration Year: 1905
    Relation to Head of House: Boarder
    Marital status: Single
    Father's Birthplace: Russia
    Mother's Birthplace: Russia
    Native Tongue: Yiddish
    Occupation: Presser
    Industry: Factory
    Employer, Employee or Other: Wage Earner
    Attended School: Yes
    Able to Read: Yes
    Able to Write: Yes
    Out of Work: N
    Number of weeks out of work: 4
    Household Members: Name Age
    Samuel Bolden 45
    Sophie Bolden 40
    Bertha Bolden 16
    Ralph Bolden 12
    Lena Bolden 10
    Isadore Bolden 6
    Harry Bolden 3
    Max Schwartz 21
    Samuel Steinberg 20

  2.   United States. 1920 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (National Archives Microfilm Publication T625).

    Name: Max Swartz
    Age: 30
    Birth Year: abt 1890
    Birthplace: Russia
    Home in 1920: Philadelphia Ward 29, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Street: Clifford Street
    House Number: 3147
    Residence Date: 1920
    Race: White
    Gender: Male
    Immigration Year: 1906
    Relation to Head of House: Head
    Marital status: Married
    Spouse's Name: Sara Swartz
    Father's Birthplace: Russia
    Mother's Birthplace: Russia
    Native Tongue: Yiddish
    Able to Speak English: Yes
    Occupation: Keeper
    Industry: Grocery Store
    Employment Field: Own Account
    Home Owned or Rented: Owned
    Home Free or Mortgaged: Mortgaged
    Naturalization Status: Naturalized
    Able to Read: Yes
    Able to Write: Yes
    Household Members: Name Age
    Max Swartz 30
    Sara Swartz 30
    Mollie Swartz 8
    Abraham Swartz 4
    Benjamin Swartz 2
    David Lipschultz 23

  3.   United States. 1930 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (National Archives Microfilm Publication T626).

    Name: Max Schwartz
    Birth Year: abt 1891
    Gender: Male
    Race: White
    Birthplace: Russia
    Marital status: Married
    Relation to Head of House: Head
    Home in 1930: Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Street Address: Blanchard St
    Block: 480
    House Number: 2719
    Dwelling Number: 172
    Family Number: 174
    Home Owned or Rented: Owned
    Home Value: 8, 000
    Radio Set: Yes
    Age at first Marriage: 32
    Attended School: No
    Able to Read and Write: Yes
    Father's Birthplace: Russia
    Mother's Birthplace: Russia
    Language Spoken: Yiddish
    Immigration Year: 1910
    Naturalization: Naturalized
    Able to Speak English: Yes
    Occupation: Proprietor
    Industry: Grocery
    Class of Worker: Working on own account
    Employment: Yes
    Household Members: Name Age
    Max Schwartz 39
    Frieda Schwartz 42
    Mildred Schwartz 18
    Abraham Schwartz 15
    Benjamin Schwartz 13
    Jock Makin 23

  4.   United States. 1940 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (National Archives Microfilm Publication T627).

    Name: Max Schwartz
    Age: 50
    Estimated Birth Year: abt 1890
    Gender: Male
    Race: White
    Birthplace: Russia
    Marital Status: Married
    Relation to Head of House: Head
    Home in 1940: Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
    Street: Blanchard Street
    House Number: 2719
    Inferred Residence in 1935: Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
    Residence in 1935: Los Angeles
    Citizenship: Naturalized
    Sheet Number: 7A
    Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 148
    Occupation: Proprietor
    Industry: Retail Grocery
    House Owned or Rented: Owned
    Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 4000
    Attended School or College: No
    Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 3rd grade
    Hours Worked Week Prior to Census: 72
    Class of Worker: Working on own account
    Weeks Worked in 1939: 52
    Income: 0
    Income Other Sources: Yes
    Household Members Age Relationship
    Freda Schwartz 52 Wife
    Max Schwartz 50 Head
    Rose Brodin 48 Lodger
    Jack Goldberg 21 Lodger

  5. 5.0 5.1 California. Department of Public Health. Bureau of Vital Statistics. Death Index, 1940-1997.

    Name: Max Schwartz
    Social Security #: 556446938
    Gender: Male
    Birth Date: 10 Jan 1891
    Death Date: 21 Jun 1971
    Death Place: Los Angeles

  6. Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index: Death Master File, database. (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service).

    Name: Max Schwartz
    Social Security Number: 556-44-6938
    Birth Date: 10 Jan 1890
    Issue Year: 1951
    Issue State: California
    Last Residence: 90211, Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Death Date: Jun 1971

  7.   California, United States. Voter Registrations, 1900-1968. (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008).

    Name: Max E Schwartz
    Residence Date: 1954
    Street Address: 2509 S Hathaway av
    Residence Place: Los Angeles, California, USA
    Party Affiliation: Republican

  8.   Ancestry.com. Public Member Trees: (Note: not considered a reliable primary source).
  9. Pennsylvania, United States. Federal Naturalization Records, 1795-1931. (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011).

    Name: Max Schwartz
    Petition Age: 24
    Record Type: Petition
    Birth Date: 14 Jul 1890
    Birth Place: Russia
    Arrival Date: 1906
    Arrival Place: Philadelphia
    Petition Date: 26 Oct 1914
    Petition Place: Pennsylvania, USA
    Spouse: Sarrah

    Image:Max Schwartz Naturalization Declaration of Intention 1911.jpg

    Image:Max Schwartz Petition for Naturalization 1914.jpg

  10.   U.S. City Directories: [database on-line]. (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011).

    Name: Max Schwartz
    Gender: Male
    Residence Year: 1973
    Street Address: 201 N Lapeer Dr apt 203 274-9579
    Residence Place: Beverly Hills, California, USA
    Occupation: Foods
    Spouse: Estelle Schwartz
    Publication Title: Beverly Hills, City Directory, 1973

    Note: Max had died two years prior to this Directory listing in 1971.

    Image:Max and Estelle Schwartz in 1973 City Directory Beverly Hills CA.jpg