Person:Mary Greening (1)

Watchers
  • HSamuel Lewis1835 - 1923
  • WMary Ann Greening1838 - 1921
m. 20 Jun 1861
Facts and Events
Name Mary Ann Greening
Gender Female
Birth[1] 1838 Tring, Hertfordshire, EnglandWilstone
Census[2] 6 Jun 1841 Tring, Hertfordshire, EnglandWilstone
Census[3] 30 Mar 1851 Tring, Hertfordshire, EnglandWilstone
Census[4] 7 Apr 1861 Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, EnglandCross Keys, Middle Row
Marriage 20 Jun 1861 Lambeth, Surrey, EnglandSt Mary
to Samuel Lewis
Census[5] 2 Apr 1871 Islington, Middlesex, England17 Frederick Street
Census[6] 3 Apr 1881 Islington, Middlesex, England11 Frederick Street
Census[7] 5 Apr 1891 Islington, London, England5 Nailour Street
Census[8] 31 Mar 1901 Islington, London, England5 Nailour Street
Census[9] 2 Apr 1911 Islington, London, England24 Roman Road, Barnsbury
Death[10] 1921 Islington, London, England

Mary Ann Greening was born in 1838 at Wilstone in the parish of Tring, Hertfordshire, daughter of Sarah Greening, formerly Clark, and her husband William Greening, a publican. Mary appears in both the 1841 and 1851 censuses living at Wilstone with her parents and siblings. In 1851 she was working as a straw plaiter. Some time between 1851 and 1861 the family left Wilstone and moved about nine miles north to the town of Leighton Buzzard in Bedfordshire, where they ran over the Cross Keys public house in the centre of the town. Mary appears in the 1861 census there with her parents, siblings and several lodgers.

Shortly after the 1861 census Mary moved to London. She married at Lambeth in London's southern suburbs on 20th June 1861, aged 23, to Samuel Lewis, a baker. Before their marriage he had been living at Little Brickhill, five miles north of Leighton Buzzard. Their first child was born in 1863 at Leighton Buzzard, which may indicate that they lived with her parents for a time after their marriage. It would appear that Samuel went bankrupt in 1862.

By 1867 Mary and Samuel had returned to London, settling in Islington, where Samuel worked as a cab driver. They had three children there between 1867 and 1872. They also appear to have adopted a girl called Ethel Wilson, born about 1878, who appears living with them in 1881 described as a visitor, but by 1891 was being described as their daughter Ethel Lewis.[11] In both the 1871 and 1881 censuses Mary, Samuel and their children were living on Frederick Street in Islington.

By 1891 they had moved to 5 Nailour Street, also in Islington, and they had a Harry Lewis living with them, who described was a boarder. He may have been a relative of Samuel's, but the connection is not obvious. The family was still at 5 Nailour Street in 1901, which was said to have four rooms.

In 1911, Mary and Samuel were living at 24 Roman Road in the Barnsbury area of Islington. They were living in two rooms there, and had their son William living with them. Mary reported that she had had five children, four of whom were still living. Whether she was counting Ethel as one of her children is unclear. There was also a Sarah Lewis born about 1865 who had lived with Samuel's parents in Luton described as their granddaughter and who gave her place of birth as Islington - no obvious birth has been found for her, so she could be another candidate for Mary and Samuel's fifth child.

Mary died in 1921, aged 82. Samuel survived her by just over a year.

References
  1. Births index, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    b. Mary Ann GREENING, March Quarter 1838, Berkhamsted Registration District, Volume 6, page 441, mother's maiden name blank

  2. England. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA): 1841 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 442; Book 7; Folio 8; Page 10, 6 Jun 1841.

    Address: Wilstone, Tring, Hertfordshire
    William Greening, male, 25 [1811-16], Victualler, born in county
    Sarah Greening, female, 30 [1806-11], born in county
    William Greening, male, 5 [1835/6], born in county
    Mary Greening, 3 [1837/8], born in county
    Joseph Greening, 7mo [1840], born in county

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1851 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 1716; Folio 295, 30 Mar 1851.

    Address: Wilstone, Tring, Hertfordshire
    William Greening, head, married, male, 36 [1814/15], Assistant Overseer, b. Wick, Hertfordshire
    Sarah Greening, wife, married, female, 40 [1810/11], b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    Mary Ann Greening, daughter, female, 13 [1837/8], Straw Plaiter, b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    Joseph Greening, son, male, 10 [1840/1], Scholar, b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    Richard Greening, son, male, 8 [1842/3], Scholar, b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    John Greening, son, male, 5 [1845/6], Scholar, b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    Charles Greening, son, male, 3 [1847/8], Scholar, b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    Fanny Greening, daughter, female, 1 [1849/50], b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1861 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG9; Piece 1006; Folio 24; Page 1, 7 Apr 1861.

    Adddress: The Cross Keys, Middle Row, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire
    W[illia]m Greening, head, married, male, 46 [1814/15], Innkeeper, b. Tring, Hertfordshire
    Sarah Greening, wife, married, female, 48 [1812/13], Wife, b. Tring, Hertfordshire
    Marianne Greening, daughter, unmarried, female, 23 [1837/8], Dau[ghte]r, b. Tring, Hertfordshire
    Charles Greening, son, unmarried, male, 12 [1848/9], Scholar, b. Tring, Hertfordshire
    Fanny Greening, daughter, unmarried, female, 11 [1849/50], Scholar, b. Tring, Hertfordshire
    Alfred Greening, son, unmarried, male, 10 [1850/1], Scholar, b. Tring, Hertfordshire
    Eliz[abe]th Montague, visitor, unmarried, female, 10 [1850/1], Scholar, b. Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire
    Serj[an]t W[illia]m Beddow, lodger, married, male, 24 [1836/7], 10th Infantry, b. Whitechapel, London
    George Morse, lodger, unmarried, male, 62 [1798/9], Shoemaker Journeyman, b. Welline [Welwyn?], Hertfordshire
    W[illia]m Whittaker, lodger, unmarried, male, 23 [1837/8], Engineer, b. Sutton, Lancashire
    W[illia]m Parrott, lodger, unmarried, male, 64 [1796/7], Laborer, b. Egginton, Bedfordshire
    Rich[ar]d Warbley, lodger, unmarried, male, 26 [1834/5], Laborer, b. Slapton, Buckinghamshire
    Rich[ar]d F. Watkinson, lodger, unmarried, male, 48 [1812/13], Commercial Traveller, b. Huddersfield, Yorkshire
    Tho[ma]s Stodhart, lodger, unmarried, male, 38 [1822/3], Blacksmith, b. Selkirk, Scotland
    John Cannon, lodger, married, male, 45 [1815/16], Tailor Journeyman, b. Manchester, Lancashire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1871 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG10; Piece 266; Folio 60; Page 14, 2 Apr 1871.

    Address: 17 Frederick Street, Islington, Middlesex
    Samuel Lewis, head, married, male, 32 [1838/9], Cab driver, b. Crawley, Bedfordshire
    Mary Ann Lewis, wife, married, female, 31 [1839/40], b. Tring, Bedfordshire [sic]
    Alfred Lewis, son, unmarried, male, 8 [1862/3], b. Leighton, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Lewis, daughter, unmarried, female, 4 [1866/7], b. London
    William Lewis, son, unmarried, male, 2 [1868/9], b. London

  6. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1881 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands: . (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG11; Piece 237; Folio 125; Page 13, 3 Apr 1881.

    Address: 11 Frederick Street, Islington, Middlesex
    Samuel Lewis, head, married, male, 44 [1836/7], Cab Driver, b. Crawley, Bedfordshire
    Mary A. Lewis, wife, married, female, 41 [1839/40], b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    Alfred Lewis, son, male, 17 [1863/4], Clerk to Law Stationer, b. Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth L. Lewis, daughter, female, 13 [1867/8], Scholar, b. Islington, Middlesex
    William J. Lewis, son, male, 11 [1869/70], Scholar, b. Islington, Middlesex
    Nelly Lewis, daughter, female, 9 [1871/2], Scholar, b. Islington, Middlesex
    Ethel Wilson, visitor, female, 2 [1878/9], b. Kennington, Surrey

  7. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1891 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG12; Piece 158; Folio 155; Page 22, 5 Apr 1891.

    Address: 5 Nailour Street, Islington, London
    Samuel Lewis, head, married, male, 53 [1837/8], Cab Driver, employed, b. Crawley, Bedfordshire
    Mary A. Lewis, wife, married, female, 51 [1839/40], b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    William J. Lewis, son, single, male, 21 [1869/70], Jet Traveller, employed, b. Islington, London
    Nellie Lewis, daughter, single, female, 19 [1871/2], Dress Maker, neither employer nor employed, b. Islington, London
    Ethel Lewis, daughter, female, 12 [1878/9], Scholar, b. Islington, London
    Harry Lewis, boarder, single, male, 18 [1872/3], Gold Jeweller, employed, b. Strand, London

  8. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1901 Census Schedules: also for the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG13; Piece 172; Folio 124; Page 2, 31 Mar 1901.

    Address: 5 Nailour Street, Islington, London
    4 rooms occupied
    Samuel Lewis, head, married, male, 63 [1837/8], Cab Driver, worker, b. Crawley, Bedfordshire
    Mary A. Lewis, wife, married, female, 62 [1838/9], b. Tring, Hertfordshire
    William J. Lewis, son, single, male, 30 [1870/1], Painter's Labourer, worker, b. Islington, London

  9. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1911 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG14; Piece 852; Schedule 175, 2 Apr 1911.

    Address: 24 Roman Road, Barnsbury, Islington, London
    2 rooms occupied
    Samuel Lewis, head, male, 73 [1837/8], married, Retired Cab driver, b. Husband Crawley, Bedfordshire
    Mary Ann Lewis, wife, female, 72 [1838/9], married 50 years, 5 children born to marriage, 4 still living, b. Wilstone, Hertfordshire
    William John Lewis, son, male, 41 [1869/70], single, Coal & Coke Dealer, own account, b. London

  10. Deaths index, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    d. Mary Ann LEWIS, December Quarter 1921, Islington Registration District, Volume 1b, page 330, aged 81 [1839/40]

  11. The Ethel Lewis whose birth was registered in Islington in 1879 was not theirs; her mother's maiden name was Levy, and she appears in the 1881 census living with her mother and siblings at Beresford Road in Islington.