Person:Louis VIII of France (1)

Louis VIII "the Lion" , King of France
Facts and Events
Name Louis VIII "the Lion" , King of France
Gender Male
Birth? 5 Sep 1187 Paris (region), FranceHouse of Capet
Marriage 23 May 1200 Pont-Audemer, Eure, Haute-Normandie, Franceto Blanche of Castile
Other? from 1223 to 1226 Reign
Reference Number? Q165284?
Death? 8 Nov 1226 Montpensier, Puy-de-Dôme, France


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Louis VIII (5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226), called the Lion, was King of France from 1223 to 1226, the eighth from the House of Capet. From 1216 to 1217, he also claimed to be King of England. Louis was the only surviving son of King Philip II of France by his first wife, Isabelle of Hainaut, from whom he inherited the County of Artois.

While Louis VIII only briefly reigned as king of France, he was an active leader in his years as crown prince. During the First Barons' War of 1215–17 against King John of England, his military prowess earned him the epithet the Lion. After his victory at the Battle of Roche-au-Moine in 1214, he invaded southern England and was proclaimed "King of England" by rebellious barons in London on the 2 June 1216. He was never crowned, however, and renounced his claim after being excommunicated and repelled. In 1217, Louis started the conquest of Guyenne, leaving only a small region around Bordeaux to Henry III of England.

Louis's short reign was marked by an intervention using royal forces into the Albigensian Crusade in southern France that decisively moved the conflict towards a conclusion. He was the first Capetian king to grant appanages to his younger sons on a large scale. He died in 1226 and was succeeded by his son Louis IX.

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References
  1.   Louis VIII of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Louis VIII, Roi de France, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   Louis VIII King Of France, in Find A Grave.
  4.   LOUIS VIII "le Lion" King of France, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.