Person:John Randolph (33)

John Randolph, Jr, of Roanoke
  1. John Randolph, Jr, of Roanoke1773 - 1833
  2. Richard Randolph - 1796
  3. Theodorick Randolph
Facts and Events
Name[2] John Randolph, Jr, of Roanoke
Gender Male
Birth[1] 2 Jun 1773 Cawsons (now Hopewell), Virginia
Death[1][2] 24 May 1833 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United Statesdied of Tuberculosis ; date per headstone ; unmarried ; no known issue
Burial[2] bef 1879 Roanoke (county), Virginia, United Statesoriginal interment
Alt Burial[2] 13 Dec 1879 Richmond (independent city), Virginia, United Statesreinterred in Hollywood Cemetery
Reference Number? Q2341317?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John Randolph (June 2, 1773May 24, 1833), known as John Randolph of Roanoke, was a planter, and a Congressman from Virginia, serving in the House of Representatives at various times between 1799 and 1833, the Senate (1825–1827), and also as Minister to Russia (1830). After serving as President Thomas Jefferson's spokesman in the House, he broke with Jefferson in 1803 and became the leader of the "Old Republican" or "Quids", an extreme states' rights vanguard of the Democratic-Republican Party who wanted to restrict the role of the federal government. Specifically, Randolph promoted the Principles of '98, which said that individual states could judge the constitutionality of central government laws and decrees, and could refuse to enforce laws deemed unconstitutional.

A quick thinking orator with a wicked wit, he was committed to republicanism and advocated a commercial agrarian society throughout his three decades in Congress. Randolph's conservative stance, displayed in his arguments against debt and for the rights of the landed gentry, have been attributed to his ties to his family estate and the elitist values of his native Southside Virginia. His belief in the importance of a landed gentry led him to oppose the abolition of entail and primogeniture, "The old families of Virginia will form connections with low people, and sink into the mass of overseers' sons and daughters". Randolph vehemently opposed the War of 1812 and the Missouri Compromise of 1820; he was active in debates about tariffs, manufacturing, and currency. With mixed feelings about slavery, he was one of the founders of the American Colonization Society in 1816, to send free blacks to a colony in Africa. All his life Randolph was opposed to slavery. Although elected as a Congressman of a slave state, he believed that African Americans deserved to be free. However, he also believed that slavery was a necessity in Virginia, saying, "The question of slavery, as it is called, is to us a question of life and death ...You will find no instance in history where two distinct races have occupied the soil except in the relation of master and slave" Contrary to his beliefs, Randolph remained dependent on hundreds of slaves to work his tobacco plantation. But, he provided for their manumission and resettlement in the free state of Ohio in his will, providing monies for the purchase of land and supplies. They founded Rossville, now part of Piqua, Ohio.

Randolph was admired by the community and his supporters for his fiery character and was known as a man that was passionate about education and equality for all. He applied rousing electioneering methods, which he also enjoyed as a hobby. Randolph appealed directly to yeomen, using entertaining and enlightening oratory, sociability, and community of interest, particularly in agriculture. This resulted in an enduring voter attachment to him regardless of his personal deficiencies. His defense of limited government appeals to modern and contemporary conservatives, most notably Russell Kirk (1918–1994).

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at John Randolph of Roanoke. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 John Randolph of Roanoke, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lunsford, Anita. Conspiracy of John Randolph’s Slaves. XLibris. 2006. ISBN 9781425747442; 9781425747435.

    [- states that John Randolph is a relative of Pocahontas, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson.
    - states John Randolph, Jr. had no issue.
    - On one page Lundsford states that Randolph died on 14 May 1833, on another page she shows a photograph of his tombstone which states 24 May 1833 as his death date.]
    [Sorghumgrass Note: John Randolph's will mentions he had a sister, Fanny. Is she Fanny Randolph or Fanny Tucker? Half or whole sister?]

  3.   Recorded, in English, William Hayden. Conquest of the country northwest of the river Ohio, 1778-1783, and life of Gen. George Rogers Clark: with numerous sketches of men who served under Clark, and full list of those allotted lands in Clark's Grant for service in the campaigns against the British posts, showing exact land allotted each. (Indianapolis, Indiana: Bowen-Merrill Co., 1896), 2:918.
    John Randolph, of Roanoake