Person:John, Duke of Durazzo (1)

Giovanni di Gravina, duca di Durazzo
b.1294
d.5 Apr 1336
m. Est 1270
  1. Charles Martel of Anjou1271 - 1295
  2. Countess Marguerite _____, of Anjou and MaineAbt 1274 - 1300
  3. Louis of Toulouse1274 - 1297
  4. Robert I _____, of Naples1277 - 1343
  5. Philip I _____, Prince of Taranto1278 - 1331
  6. Raymond Berengar of AndriaBet 1279 & 1282 - 1307
  7. Blanche of AnjouAbt 1280 - 1310
  8. Eleanor of Anjou1289 - 1341
  9. Maria Princess of Sicily-NaplesAbt 1290 - Aft 1346
  10. Peter Tempesta1291 - 1315
  11. Giovanni di Gravina, duca di Durazzo1294 - 1336
  12. Beatrice of Sicily1295 - 1335
m. Mar 1318
  1. Stefano di DurazzoEst 1320 - 1380
  2. Carlo _____, duca di Durazzo1323 - 1348
  3. Luigi di Durazzo1324 - 1362
  4. Roberto di Durazzo1326 - 1356
Facts and Events
Name Giovanni di Gravina, duca di Durazzo
Alt Name John _____, Duke of Durazzo
Alt Name Jean d'Anjou dit Jean de Durazzo
Gender Male
Birth[1] 1294
Marriage Mar 1318 Napoli, Napoli, Campania, Italyto Matilda of Hainaut
Marriage Contract 14 Nov 1321 to Agnes de Périgord
Annulment 1321 from Matilda of Hainaut
Death[1] 5 Apr 1336
Reference Number? Q576665?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John of Gravina (1294 – 5 April 1336), Count of Gravina 1315–1336, Prince of Achaea 1318-1332, Duke of Durazzo 1332–1336 and ruler of the Kingdom of Albania (although he never used a royal title), was a younger son of Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary.

He was a younger brother of (among others) Charles Martel of Anjou, Saint Louis of Toulouse, Robert of Naples and Philip I of Taranto.

On 3 September 1313 he was named Captain-General of Calabria. In 1315, he succeeded his brother Peter, Count of Gravina after the latter was killed at the Battle of Montecatini.

The death of Louis of Burgundy in 1316 widowed Matilda of Hainaut, Princess of Achaea. Her suzerain, John's brother Philip I of Taranto, had her brought by force to Naples in 1318 to marry John, a design intended to bring the Principality of Achaea into the Angevin inheritance. The marriage, celebrated in March 1318, failed of its objective: Matilda refused to surrender her rights to Achaea to her husband and ultimately contracted a secret marriage with Hugh de La Palice. This violated the marriage contract of her mother Isabelle, which had pledged that Isabelle and all her female heirs should not marry without permission of their suzerain. On these grounds, Philip stripped her of Achaea and bestowed it upon John: the marriage was annulled for non-consummation, and Matilda was imprisoned in the Castel dell'Ovo.

On 14 November 1321, John took a second wife, Agnes of Périgord, daughter of Helie VII, Count of Périgord and Brunissende de Foix. They had three sons:

In a tardy reaction to the Byzantine advances in the central Morea, in 1325 John launched a military expedition, financed by the Acciaiuoli, to Achaea. While he re-established his authority in Cefaphonia and Zante, he was unable to recapture Skorta from the control of the Byzantine Empire.

In 1332, Philip of Taranto died and was succeeded by his son Robert of Taranto, who became the new suzerain of Achaea. Not wishing to swear fealty to his nephew, John arranged to surrender Achaea to him in exchange for Robert's rights to the Kingdom of Albania and a loan of 5,000 ounces of gold raised upon Niccolo Acciaiuoli, and thenceforth adopted the style of "Duke of Durazzo".

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at John, Duke of Durazzo. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 John, Duke of Durazzo, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.