Person:James Stewart (323)

King James III of Scotland
m. 12 Jul 1449
  1. King James III of Scotland1451 - 1488
  2. Mary Stewart1453 - 1488
  3. Alexander Stewart, Duke of AlbanyAbt 1454 - 1485
  4. Margaret Stewart, Princess of ScotlandAbt 1455 -
  5. David Stewart, Earl of MorayAbt 1456 - 1457
  6. John Stewart, Earl of Mar and GariochAbt 1456 - 1479
m. Jul 1469
  1. King James IV of Scotland1473 - 1513
  2. James Stewart, Duke of Ross1476 - 1504
  3. John Stewart, Earl of MarAbt 1479 - 1503
Facts and Events
Name King James III of Scotland
Alt Name James Stewart
Gender Male
Birth[1] 10 Jul 1451 Stirling, Stirlingshire, ScotlandHouse of Stuart
Marriage Jul 1469 Edinburgh, Midlothian, ScotlandHolyrood Palace
to Margaret of Denmark
Death[1] 11 Jun 1488 St. Ninians, Stirlingshire, ScotlandSauchieburn
Burial? Stirling, Stirlingshire, ScotlandCambuskennethaby
Reference Number? Q222616?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 until his death at the Battle of Sauchieburn in 1488. He inherited the throne as a child following the death of his father, King James II, at the siege of Roxburgh Castle. James III's reign began with a minority that lasted almost a decade, during which Scotland was governed by a series of regents and factions who struggled for possession of the young king, before his personal rule began in 1469.

James III was an unpopular and ineffective king, and was confronted with two major rebellions during his reign. He was much criticised by contemporaries and later chroniclers for his promotion of unrealistic schemes to invade or take possession of Brittany, Guelders and Saintonge at the expense of his regular duties as king. While his reign saw Scotland reach its greatest territorial extent with the acquisition of Orkney and Shetland through his marriage to Margaret of Denmark, James was accused of debasing the coinage, hoarding money, failing to resolve feuds and enforce criminal justice, and pursuing an unpopular policy of alliance with England. His preference for his own "low-born" favourites at court and in government alienated many of his bishops and nobles, as well as members of his own family, leading to tense relationships with his brothers, his wife, and his heir. In 1482, James's brother, Alexander, Duke of Albany, attempted to usurp the throne with the aid of an invading English army, which led to the loss of Berwick-upon-Tweed and a coup by a group of nobles which saw the king imprisoned for a time, before being restored to power.

James's reputation as Scotland's first Renaissance monarch has sometimes been exaggerated. The artistic legacy of his reign was slight when compared to that of his two immediate successors, and consists of the patronage of painters and musicians, coins that display realistic portraits of the king, the Trinity Altarpiece, and the King's Chapel at Restalrig. James III was killed at the Battle of Sauchieburn, following a rebellion in which his heir was the figurehead of the rebels, and succeeded him as James IV.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 James III of Scotland, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.