Person:James Hamilton (157)

     
Most Noble James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn KG PC
b.21 Jan 1811 Middlesex, England
Facts and Events
Name Most Noble James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn KG PC
Alt Name[2][3][13] Most Hon. James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Abercorn
Gender Male
Birth[1] 21 Jan 1811 Middlesex, England
Marriage 25 Oct 1832 Fochabers, Moray, Scotlandto Lady Louisa Jane Russell, VA
Death[1][8] 31 Oct 1885 Strabane, County Tyrone, Northern Irelandat Baronscourt
Burial[10] 31 Oct 1885 Baronscourt Parish Churchyard, Strabane, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
Reference Number? Q335513?

Contents

Personal History

James Hamilton was born 21 January 1811, at Seymour Place, co. Middlesex, England.[1]

Upon the death of his grandfather, John James Hamilton, in 1818, James succeeded as Marquess of Abercorn (2nd, created 1790) and Viscount Hamilton (3rd, 1786), in Great Britain; Viscount Strabane (5th, 1701), Lord Hamilton, Baron of Strabane (9th, 1617), and Baron of Mountcastle, co. Tyrone (5th, 1701), in Ireland; and Earl of Abercorn (10th, 1606), Lord Paisley (10th, 1587), Lord Abercorn (10th, 1603), and Lord Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcastell, and Kilpatrick (10th, 1606), in Scotland.

James matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford, on 2 July 1829, then aged 18.[9] Later the same year, on 14 October,[12] the Archbishop of Canterbury officiated a confirmation ceremony for James at Argyll House in the presence of numerous relatives.

In 1844, James was appointed the Lord Lieutenant of the county of Donegal.[1]

On 12 December 1844,[2] James was nominated, invested, and installed by dispensation a Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (KG) by grant of Queen Victoria.

On 25 February 1846,[3] James was sworn of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council (PC) by appointment of Queen Victoria.

In the Easter term of 1847,[11] James matriculated as fellow-commoner (the first of three ranks) from Trinity College, Cambridge, and he was made Doctor of Law (LLD). On 4 June 1856, at Oxford, he was created a Doctor of Civil Law (DCL).[9]

On 6 July 1866,[5] James was appointed Lieutenant-General and General Governor of Ireland, for the first time, until about 23 December 1868 when the Earl Spencer KG was sworn in.

On 6 August 1868,[4] Queen Victoria granted to James and the heirs-male of his body the dignities of a Marquess and Duke in the peerage of Ireland, and on 10 August,[1] James was created Marquess of Hamilton of Strabane, in the county of Tyrone, and Duke of Abercorn.

On 2 March 1874,[7] the Duke was appointed Lieutenant-General and General Governor of Ireland, for the second time, until about 12 Dec. 1876 when the Duke of Marlborough KG was sworn in.

The Duke of Abercorn traveled to Rome, arriving on 26 February 1878, as Queen Victoria's Envoy Extraordinary to the court in Rome, being one of two plenipotentiaries for investing King Umberto I of Italy with the ensigns and habit of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. The ceremony occurred on 2 March 1878.[6]

Marriage and Family

(see the Family page for references)

James Marquess of Abercorn and Lady Louisa Jane Russell were married 25 October 1832, from Gordon Castle, at Fochabers Episcopal Church, Elginshire (later named Moray), Scotland.

James was a governor of Harrow School from 1834 to 1885, and most of his sons attended the school.

Death and Probate

The Duke of Abercorn died 31 October 1885 at Baronscourt, co. Tyrone, (Northern) Ireland[1] (registered in the district of Strabane),[8] and was buried the same day in the Baronscourt Parish Church graveyard.[10]

The Duke's titles were inherited by his first son, James.

From Wikipedia

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, KG, PC (21 January 1811 – 31 October 1885), styled Viscount Hamilton from 1814 to 1818 and the Marquess of Abercorn from 1818 to 1868, was a British Conservative politician and statesman who twice served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

In 1860, The Times noted that Hamilton was one of only three noblemen to hold peerages in all three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

Resources

Transcribed sources:

  • The Scots Peerage. (Edinburgh: D. Douglas, 1904–1914). See volume I, chapter “Hamilton, Earl of Abercorn,” in the paragraphs under “James, tenth Earl and second Marquess of Abercorn.”
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Second edition. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910–59). See volume I, in the section titled “Abercorn,” the paragraphs under “Marquessate II. [etc.]
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), vol. 1, pp. 8–9.

    See transcript, under ABERCORN: MARQUESSATE II.

  2. 2.0 2.1 England. The London gazette. (London, England), no. 20424, p. 5189, 17 Dec. 1844.

    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/20424/page/5189 >
    At the Court at Windsor Castle, December 12, 1844.
    “The Queen, as Sovereign of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, has been graciously pleased, by letters patent, under Her Royal Sign Manual and the Great Seal of the Order, bearing date respectively this day, to dispense with all the statutes and regulations usually observed in regard to installation, and to give and grant unto the Right Honourable Thomas Philip Earl De Grey, the Most Honourable James Marquess of Abercorn, the Right Honourable Charles Chetwynd Earl Talbot, and the Right Honourable Edward Earl of Powis, Knights of the said Most Noble Order, and duly invested with the ensigns thereof, full power and authority to exercise respectively all rights and privileges belonging to a Knight Companion of the said Most Noble Order of the Garter, in as full and ample a manner as if they had been formally installed, any decree, rule, or usage to the contrary notwithstanding.”

  3. 3.0 3.1 England. The London gazette. (London, England), no. 20578, p. 771, 27 Feb. 1846.

    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/20578/page/771 >
    At the Court at Buckingham-Palace, the 25th day of February 1846, PRESENT, The QUEEN's Most Excellent Majesty in Council.
    This day the Most Honourable James Marquess of Abercorn, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and the Right Honourable James Archibald Stuart Wortley, were, by Her Majesty's command, sworn of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, and took their respective places at the Board accordingly.”

  4. The Edinburgh gazette. (Edinburgh, Scotland), no. 7875, p. 1000, 11 Aug. 1868.

    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/7875/page/1000 >
    “DUBLIN CASTLE, August 6, 1868. Her Majesty has been graciously pleased to direct letters-patent to be passed under the Great Seal of Ireland, granting to James, Marquis of Abercorn in the Peerage of Great Britain, Earl of Abercorn in the Peerage of Scotland, and Viscount Strabane in the Peerage of Ireland, K.G., and to the heirs-male of his body lawfully begotten, the dignities of a Marquis and Duke of this part of Her Majesty's United Kingdom called Ireland, by the names, styles, and titles of Marquis of Hamilton of Strabane, in the County of Tyrone, and Duke of Abercorn.”

  5. England. The London gazette. (London, England), no. 23134, p. 3869, 6 July 1866.

    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/23134/page/3869 >
    At the Court at Windsor, the 6th day of July 1866.
    “PRESENT, The QUEEN'S Most Excellent Majesty in Council.
    ...
    “Her Majesty in Council was this day pleased to declare the Most Honourable James, Marquess of Abercorn, K.G., Lieutenant-General and General Governor of that part of the United Kingdom called Ireland.”

    See also the Edinburgh Gazette, issue 7915, p. 1617, 29 Dec. 1868.
    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/7915/page/1617 >

  6. England. The London gazette. (London, England), no. 24562, p. 2005, 14 Mar. 1878.

    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/23134/page/3869 >
    Rome, March 2, 1878.
    The QUEEN, Sovereign of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, having been pleased by a Commission under Her Majesty's Sign Manual and the Great Seal of the Order, to constitute and appoint The Most Noble James, Duke of Abercorn, Knight of the said Most Noble Order of the Garter, lately Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Her Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary on a Special Mission to this Court, and Sir Albert William Woods, Knight, Garter Principal King of Arms, to be Her Majesty's Plenipotentiaries for Investing His Majesty Humbert, King of Italy, with the Ensigns and Habit of that Most Noble Order, they proceeded to this City, and arrived with their respective Suites on the 26th ultimo.

    “On the following day, The Duke of Abercorn, Sir Albert William Woods, and the Members of the Mission were conducted in the Royal Carriages to the Palace of the Quirinal, and were honoured with an audience of His Majesty, to which they were introduced by Count Panissera di Veglio, Prefect of the Palace and Grand Master of the Ceremonies. The said Plenipotentiaries and their respective Suites were subsequently introduced in like manner to Her Majesty the Queen of Italy.

    “The requisite arrangements for the Investiture having been made, His Majesty was pleased to appoint Saturday the 2nd of March, for that Ceremony.”

  7. England. The London gazette. (London, England), no. 24071, p. 1449, 3 Mar. 1874.

    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/24071/page/1449 >
    At the Court at Windsor, the 2nd day of March, 1874.
    “PRESENT, The QUEEN's Most Excellent Majesty in Council.
    Her Majesty in Council was this day pleased to declare the Most Noble James, Duke of Abercorn, K.G., Lieutenant-General and General Governor of that part of the United Kingdom called Ireland.”

    See also the Edinburgh Gazette, issue 8748, p. 941, 15 Dec. 1876.
    < https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/7915/page/1617 >

  8. 8.0 8.1 Registered during Q4, 1885, in Ireland. General Register Office. General index to deaths registered in Ireland. (Dublin: H.M. Stationery Office, 1869-1922?), FHL # 101593.

    Hamilton, James (Duke of Abercorn)”, age 74, Strabane dist., vol. 2, p. 222.

  9. 9.0 9.1 Foster, Joseph, and University of Oxford. Alumni Oxonienses: the members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886: their parentage, birthplace, and year of birth, with a record of their degrees. (Oxford: James Parker and Co., 1888, 1891), vol. 2, p. 594, [no. 7].

    “Hamilton, James, 1s. (James) Viscount Hamilton. Christ Church, matric. 2 July, 1829, aged 18 ; created D.C.L. 4 June, 1856, created Duke of Abercorn 10 Aug., 1868, lord lieutenant Ireland 1866-8, 1874-6, etc., died 31 Oct., 1885. See Foster's Peerage.”

  10. 10.0 10.1 “Baronscourt Parish, Church of Ireland Death Index Cards Pre-1965”, in CoTyroneIreland.com, Church Records.

    (http://cotyroneireland.com/churchrecord/baronscourt_deaths.html : accessed 15 Oct. 2017)

    “HAMILTON, DUKE OF ABERCORN”, bur. 31 Oct. 1885, register ref. # 22.

  11. “Hamilton, James, Marquess of Abercorn”, in Venn, John, and John Archibald Venn. Alumni Cantabrigienses: a biographical list of all known students, graduates and holders of office at the University of Cambridge: from the earliest times to 1900. (Cambridge, England: University Press, 1922-), part 2, vol. 3, p. 214.

    (https://archive.org/stream/p2alumnicantabri03univuoft#page/214/mode/1up : accessed 15 Oct. 2017)

    Matric. Fell.-Com. from Trinity, Easter, 1847; LL.D. (Com. Reg.) 1847. S. of James, Viscount Hamilton. B. Jan. 21, 1811. School, Harrow.”

  12. The Times. (London, England), no. 14046, p. 6, col. 6, 16 Oct. 1829.

    (https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/7019/NEWS-UK-MID-TI.1829_10_16_0006 : accessed 15 Feb. 2018)

    “On Wednesday [14 Oct. 1829] the Archbishop of Canterbury came to town from his palace, near Croydon, expressly for the purpose of confirming the Marquis of Abercorn, eldest son of the Countess of Abercorn, whose first husband was the eldest son of the last Marquis of Abercorn, but who died before he came to the title. The ceremony was performed at Argyll-house, in the presence of numerous relatives of the young Marquis. His Lordship leaves town immediately for Oxford, for the purpose of finishing his College education.”

  13. Titled from 1818 until created a Duke in 1868.