Person:Ivan IV of Russia (1)

Ivan IV of Russia
b.3 Dec 1533
d.18 Mar 1584
  1. Ivan IV of Russia1533 - 1584
m. 3 Feb 1547
  1. Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia1554 - 1581
  2. Feodor I of Russia1557 - 1598
m. 21 Aug 1561
m. 28 Oct 1571
m. 29 Apr 1572
m. Jan 1575
m. 1579
m. 1580
m. 1581
  1. Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich of Russia1582 - 1591
Facts and Events
Name Ivan IV of Russia
Gender Male
Birth[1] 3 Dec 1533 Rurik dynasty
Marriage 3 Feb 1547 to Anastasia of Russia
Marriage 21 Aug 1561 to Maria Temrjukovna
Marriage 28 Oct 1571 to Marfa Sobakin
Marriage 29 Apr 1572 to Anna Koltovskaya
Marriage Jan 1575 to Anna Vasilchikov
Marriage 1579 to Vasilisa Melentev
Marriage 1580 to Maria Dolgoruki
Marriage 1581 to Maria Nagaya
Death[1] 18 Mar 1584
Reference Number? Q7996?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ivan IV Vasilyevich (; ; 25 August 1530 – ), commonly known as Ivan the Terrible (Ivan Grozny; "Ivan the Formidable" or "Ivan the Fearsome"), was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and the first Tsar of Russia from 1547 to 1584.

Ivan was the crown prince of Vasili III, the Rurikid ruler of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, and was appointed Grand Prince at three years-old after his father's death. Ivan was proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of All Rus' in 1547 at the age of seventeen, establishing the Tsardom of Russia with Moscow as the predominant state. Ivan's reign was characterized by Russia's transformation from a medieval state into an empire under the Tsar, though at immense cost to its people and its broader, long-term economy. Ivan conquered the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan and Sibir, with Russia becoming a multiethnic and multicontinental state spanning approximately , developing a bureaucracy to administer the new territories. Ivan triggered the Livonian War, which ravaged Russia and resulted in the loss of Livonia and Ingria, but allowed him to exercise greater autocratic control over the Russia's nobility, which he violently purged in the Oprichnina. Ivan was an able diplomat, a patron of arts and trade, and the founder of Russia's first publishing house, the Moscow Print Yard. Ivan was popular among Russia's commoners (see Ivan the Terrible in Russian folklore) except for the people of Novgorod and surrounding areas who were subject to the Massacre of Novgorod.

Historic sources present disparate accounts of Ivan's complex personality: he was described as intelligent and devout, but also prone to paranoia, rages, and episodic outbreaks of mental instability that increased with age. Ivan is popularly believed to have killed his eldest son and heir Ivan Ivanovich and the latter's unborn son during his outbursts, which left the politically ineffectual Feodor Ivanovich to inherit the throne, whose rule directly led to the end of the Rurikid dynasty and the beginning of the Time of Troubles.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Ivan IV of Russia, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Ivan IV 'the Terrible', Tsar of Russia, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.