Person:Garibald I of Bavaria (1)

Garibald I , Duke of Lower Bavaria
d.aft 0590 Bayern, Germany
Facts and Events
Name Garibald I , Duke of Lower Bavaria
Alt Name Agilolfing
Gender Male
Birth[1][3] 0540 Bayern, Germany
Marriage 552 to Waltrade , Queen of Austrasia
Alt Marriage 0562 ,,Bayern,Germanyto Waltrade , Queen of Austrasia
Death[1] aft 0590 Bayern, Germany
Occupation? hertog van Beieren
Other[1] Founder, House of Agilolfings
Reference Number[1] Q504276?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Garibald I (also Garivald) (born 540) was Duke (or King) of Bavaria from 555 until 591. He stands at the head of the Agilolfings and the Bavarian Dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of the Lombards.

After the death of the Merovingian king Theudebald of Austrasia, his successor Chlothar I had "begun to have intercourse with" his widow Waldrada (531 – 572), daughter of the Lombard king Wacho. Chlothar's bishops objected, so he gave Waldrada to Garibald to marry in 556. Not only did this grant Garibald prestige, but it created lasting political ties between the Bavarii and the Lombards of Pannonia and Bohemia. This would have consequences after the Lombards moved into Italy in 568.

Some time before 585, the Merovingian court attempted to bind Duke Garibald more closely to their interests by arranging a marriage between his daughter Theodelinda and King Childebert II of Austrasia. At the same time the Merovingians were attempting to normalise relations with Authari, the Lombard king, by arranging a marriage between Childebert's sister and Authari. Both these proposals fell through. The offended Authari was engaged to Theodelinda in 588. Fearing an anti-Frankish axis, the Franks sent an army into Bavaria. Garibald's children Gundoald and Theodelinda fled to Italy. Authari married Theodelinda in May 589 and named his brother-in-law, Gundoald, Duke of Asti. In 590, the Franks invaded Lombardy with help from Byzantium, but were defeated.

In 591, Childebert normalised relations with the Lombards and Bavarii. After King Authari died in 590, the Lombard dukes asked Theodelinda to marry again. She chose Authari's cousin Agilulf as her husband, and he was accepted as the next king. They then negotiated a peace with Childebert which lasted for decades. According to Paulus Diaconus, peace with Bavaria was restored when Childebert named Tassilo rex (king). It is unknown whether Garibald was deposed or died. Nor is it clear what Tassilo's relationship to Garibald was; though if not his son, he was certainly a close relation.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Garibald I of Bavaria, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Hij was een telg uit het geslacht der Agilolfingers uit Beieren
  3. History of Bavaria notes that the Duchy of Bavaria was established by the Franks, who " put it under the administration of a duke - possibly Frankish or possibly chosen from amongst the local leading families". However, there is nothing to suggest that Garibald was the son of the Frankish King Theodebert I, as stated in some genealogies.