Person:Frederick III the Simple (1)

Frederick III the Simple _____
b.1 Sep 1341
d.27 Jan 1377
  1. Constance of Sicily1324 - 1355
  2. Eleanor of Sicily1325 - 1375
  3. Beatrice of Sicily1326 - 1365
  4. Euphemia of Sicily1330 - 1359
  5. Bianca d'Aragona1330 - 1374
  6. Louis of Sicily1337 - 1355
  7. Frederick III the Simple _____1341 - 1377
  1. Mary of Sicily1363 - 1401
  • HFrederick III the Simple _____1341 - 1377
  • WAntonia of BalzoAbt 1355 - 1374
  • HFrederick III the Simple _____1341 - 1377
  1. William of Aragon, Count of Malta
Facts and Events
Name Frederick III the Simple _____
Gender Male
Birth[1] 1 Sep 1341
Marriage to Constance of Aragon
Marriage to Antonia of Balzo
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Unknown
Death[1] 27 Jan 1377
Reference Number? Q468672?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Frederick III (or IV) (1 September 1341 – Messina 27 July 1377), called the Simple, was King of Sicily from 1355 to 1377. He was the second son of Peter II of Sicily and Elisabeth of Carinthia. He succeeded his brother Louis. The documents of his era call him the "infante Frederick, ruler of the kingdom of Sicily", without any regnal number.

"Frederick the Simple" is often confused with an earlier Sicilian monarch, his grandfather Frederick II, who chose to call himself "Frederick III" even though he was actually only the second King Frederick to occupy the Sicilian throne; his self-appellation was retained by later generations of genealogists and historians. The first King Frederick on the Sicilian throne was the latter's great-grandfather, King Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Frederick III was born in Catania and succeeded to his brother Louis in 1355 under the regency of his sister, Euphemia of Sicily. In his youth the reign was under the control of powerful Sicilian barons, in particular of Artale I Alagona. The beginning of Frederick III's reign was also plagued by intermittent wars with the Kingdom of Naples (see War of the Sicilian Vespers) and also by the Black Death, to which his elder brother and predecessor had succumbed. On 25 December 1369, Frederick ordered all Jews to wear a badge indicating their heritage. The badge consisted of a piece of red material, not smaller than the largest royal seal; men were required to wear it under the chin, and women on the chest. In 1372 he was able to come to peace terms with Naples and Pope Gregory XI, obtaining the title of tributary King of "Trinacria".

After the death of his mother's cousin, Margaret of Tyrol in 1369, Frederick remained the sole descendant of the House of Gorizia-Tyrol which had ruled a vast territory in the Eastern Alps, comprising Tyrol, Carinthia and Carniola. However, due to his problems at home, he is not known to have ever raised any claims to those territories which thus passed to the Habsburgs.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick III the Simple. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Frederick III the Simple, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.