Person:Francis IV, Duke of Modena (1)

Watchers
Francesco IV , duca di Modena, Reggio, e Mirandola
b.6 Oct 1779
d.21 Jan 1846
Facts and Events
Name Francesco IV , duca di Modena, Reggio, e Mirandola
Alt Name Erzherzog Franz IV. Joseph Karl Ambrosius Stanislaus von Österreich
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 6 Oct 1779
Marriage 20 Jun 1812 to Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina di Savoia
Title (nobility)? 1815 duca di Modena, Reggio, e Mirandola
Title (nobility)? 1829 duca di Massa e principe de Carrara
Reference Number? Q502919?
Death[1][2] 21 Jan 1846


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Francis IV Joseph Charles Ambrose Stanislaus (Italian: Francesco IV Giuseppe Carlo Ambrogio Stanislao d'Absburgo-Este; 6 October 1779 – 21 January 1846) was Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola (from 1815), Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara (from 1829), Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He was a grandson of Maria Theresa of Austria, head of the House of Habsburg, and was heir to the Modena branch of the House of Este through his mother. He thus became the first member of the House of Habsburg-Este to rule the Este inheritance in Northern Italy.

Francis was born in Milan. His father was Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este, Duke of Breisgau, his mother Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este, Duchess of Massa and Princess of Carrara, Lady of Lunigiana.

Francis is distinguished for his stern and tyrannic rule by which he repressed all the democratic movements appearing during his reign, particularly following a major revolt in 1830. The harshness of the Ducal policies are illustrated by the hanging of Ciro Menotti for an attempted insurrection against the Duke (1831).

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Francis IV, Duke of Modena, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wurzbach, Constantin. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich: enthaltend die Lebenskizzen der denkwürdigen Personen, welche 1750 bis 1850 im Kaiserstaate und in Kronländer gelebt haben. (Wien: K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1856-1891), 6:225-226.