Person:Charles V of France (1)

Charles V "le Sage" _____, de France
b.21 Jan 1338 Val-de-Marne, France
Facts and Events
Name Charles V "le Sage" _____, de France
Gender Male
Birth[1] 21 Jan 1338 Val-de-Marne, FranceChateau De Vincennes, House of Valois
Marriage 8 Apr 1350 Tain en Viennoisto Jeanne de Bourbon
Death[1] 16 Sep 1380 Nogent-sur-Marne, Val-de-Marne, France
Burial? St Denis
Ancestral File Number Q167782?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charles V (21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380), called "the Wise", was King of France from 1364 to his death, the third from the House of Valois. His reign marked a high point for France during the Hundred Years' War, with his armies recovering much of the territory held by the English, and successfully reversed the military losses of his predecessors.

In 1349, as a young prince, Charles received from his grandfather King Philip VI the province of Dauphiné to rule. This allowed him to bear the title "Dauphin" until his coronation, which led to the integration of the Dauphiné into the crown lands of France. After 1350, all heirs apparent of France bore the title of Dauphin until their accession.

Charles became regent of France when his father John II was captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. To pay for the defense of the kingdom, Charles raised taxes. As a result, he faced hostility from the nobility, led by Charles the Bad, King of Navarre; the opposition of the French bourgeoisie, which was channeled through the Estates-General led by Étienne Marcel; and with a peasant revolt known as the Jacquerie. Charles overcame all of these rebellions, but in order to liberate his father, he had to conclude the Treaty of Brétigny in 1360, in which he abandoned large portions of south-western France to Edward III of England and agreed to pay a huge ransom.

Charles became king in 1364. With the help of talented advisers, his skillful management of the kingdom allowed him to replenish the royal treasury and to restore the prestige of the House of Valois. He established the first permanent army paid with regular wages, which liberated the French populace from the companies of routiers who regularly plundered the country when not employed. Led by Bertrand du Guesclin, the French Army was able to turn the tide of the Hundred Years' War to Charles' advantage, and by the end of Charles' reign, they had reconquered almost all the territories ceded to the English in 1360. Furthermore, the French Navy, led by Jean de Vienne, managed to attack the English coast for the first time since the beginning of the Hundred Years' War.

Charles V died in 1380. He was succeeded by his son Charles VI, whose disastrous reign allowed the English to regain control of large parts of France.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Charles V of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   CHARLES de France, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.