Person:Ælla of Northumbria (1)

Ælla of Northumbria
b.Abt 758
d.21 Mar 867
  1. Ælla of NorthumbriaAbt 758 - 867
  1. Blaeja of Northumbria784 - 799
Facts and Events
Name Ælla of Northumbria
Alt Name Ella _____, of England
Gender Male
Birth? Abt 758
Marriage to Unknown Oiscing
Death[1] 21 Mar 867
Reference Number? Q271398?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ælla (or Ælle or Aelle) (fl. 866; d. 21 March 867) was King of Northumbria, a kingdom in medieval England, during the middle of the 9th century. Sources on Northumbrian history in this period are limited, and so Ælla's ancestry is not known and the dating of the beginning of his reign is questionable.

In addition to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Ælla is also mentioned in Scandinavian sources, such as the Norse sagas. According to the latter, Ælla captured the semi-legendary Swedish-Danish Viking leader Ragnar Lodbrok and put him to death in a pit of snakes. The historical invasion of Northumbria in 866 occurred in retaliation for Ragnar's execution, according to Ragnarssona þáttr ("The Tale of Ragnar's Sons"). While Norse sources claim that Ragnar's sons tortured Ælla to death by the method of the blood eagle, Anglo-Saxon accounts maintain that he died in battle at York on 21 March 867. Concerning the Norse claim, Roberta Frank reviewed the historical evidence for the ritual in her "Viking Atrocity and Skaldic Verse: The Rite of the Blood-Eagle", where she writes: "By the beginning of the nineteenth century, the various saga motifs—eagle sketch, rib division, lung surgery, and 'saline stimulant'—were combined in inventive sequences designed for maximum horror." She concludes that the authors of the sagas misunderstood alliterative kennings that alluded to leaving one's foes face down on the battlefield, their backs torn as carrion by scavenging birds. If this is to be believed, then it is easy to surmise that the mention of his death via the blood eagle, is in fact a description of his death on the battlefield, which would make both accounts of his death true.

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References
  1. Ælla of Northumbria, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.