Echols County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It is part of the Valdosta, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,034. The county seat is Statenville. Statenville is not an incorporated municipality, making Echols County one of only three counties in Georgia to have an unincorporated county seat.
Established in 1858, from the parts of Lowndes and Clinch the county was named in honor of Robert Milner Echols (1798–1847). The county is in the Valdosta, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area. Echols was born in Georgia and served in the state legislature for many years. He was killed in the Mexican-American War, and is buried in Georgia (though not in Echols County).
Echols County has become notable in recent years as it has served as a place of banishment for many of Georgia's criminals. As the Georgia State Constitution forbids banishment beyond the borders of the state, officials instead ban the offender from 158 of Georgia's 159 counties, with Echols remaining as their only option. No such criminal has been documented as actually moving to Echols.