Place:Baltimore (county), Maryland, United States

NameBaltimore (county)
Alt namesBaltimore County
Baltimoresource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) I, 847-848; USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS24011152
TypeCounty
Coordinates39.467°N 76.65°W
Located inMaryland, United States     (1659 - )
See alsoCarroll, Maryland, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Contained Places
Cemetery
Druid Ridge Cemetery
Lorraine Park Cemetery
Parkwood Cemetery ( 1919 - )
Saint John the Evangelist Cemetery
Westminster Hall and Burying Ground
Census-designated place
Kingsville
Lansdowne-Baltimore Highlands
Lutherville-Timonium
Mays Chapel
Middle River
Milford Mill
Overlea
Owings Mills
Parkville
Perry Hall
Pikesville
Randallstown
Reisterstown
Rosedale
Rossville
Deserted settlement
Bosley
Dulaney Valley
Shamburg
Independent city
Baltimore (independent city) ( 1729 - 1851 )
Inhabited place
Academy Acres
Academy Heights
Academy Lane
Adil Meadows
Airport Beach
Albantown
Allyson Gardens
Amberly of Kings Court
Anton North
Anton Woods
Apple Ridge
Arborwood
Arbour Green
Arbour Manor
Arbutus
Arden Valley
Armacost
Ashlar Hill
Asylum
Autumn Wind
Avalon
Bacon Hall
Baldwin Mill Terrace
Baldwin
Baltimore Highlands
Bare Hills
Baronet Woods
Barrington
Batter Brook Farms
Bay Shore Park
Bayshore
Beachwood
Beacon Hill
Beckleysville
Beetree Manor
Beetree
Belfast
Belltown
Belmont
Bengies
Bentley Hills
Bentley Springs
Berean
Berkfield
Berryhill
Big Spring
Bird River Beach
Blenheim Forest
Blenheim Manor
Blenheim
Blue Mount
Bluegrass Heights
Bonnie Ridge
Boordy Vineyards
Boring
Bowleys Quarters
Boxer Hill Park
Boxwood
Bradshaw
Brandy Springs
Breezy Point Beach
Briarwood Farms
Bridleshire
Bridlewood
Brierleigh
Brigadoon
Brighton
Brightside
Brightwood
Britinay Hills
Broadmeade
Brook Valley Farms
Brookfield
Brookhurst
Brooklandville
Brookview Farms
Brookwood
Butler
Cambria
Canterbury
Cape May Landing
Carney
Carriage Hill Village
Carroll Island
Carroll Manor Ridge
Carroll Manor
Carroll Meadows
Carrollwood Manor
Carrollwood
Carrs Store
Catonsville Gateway
Catonsville Manor
Catonsville
Cave Valley
Caves Park
Caveswood
Cedar Beach
Cedar Grove
Cedarside Farm
Chadwick Manor
Chalet De La Rance
Chalfone Manor
Chapel Hill
Chapel Manor
Chapel Ridge
Chapel Valley
Chapelgate
Charlestown
Chase
Chattolanee
Cherry Valley
Chesaco Park
Chesterfield
Chesterwood
Chestnut Ridge
Cloisters
Cloverfield Manor
Cloverfield
Coachmans Field
Cockeysville
Colgate
College Hills
Cooperfield
Coopersville
Corbett Hill Farms
Corbett
Country Ridge
Cowdensville
Cowpen
Crandon
Cranwood
Cromwell Station
Cromwell Woods
Cronhardt
Cross Creek
Cub Hill Farms
Cub Hills
Cunninghill Cove
Dairy Manor Farms
Daniels
Dar
Darinton
Darryl Gardens
Deer Cross
Deer Park
Deer Run
Deer Woods
Delight Meadows
Dembeigh Hill
Doncaster Village
Donney Brook Farms
Dover
Drexel Woods
Dulaney Gate
Dulaney Hills
Dun Rovin
Dunbar
Dundalk
Dundee Village
Eagle Nest
Eastern Terrace
Eccleston Valley
Eden Roc
Edgemere
Edgewater
Eklo
Elmwood
English Consul
Essex
Essexshire Gate
Essexshire
Evergreen Park
Evergreen
Evna
Fair Brook
Fairwood of Hunt Valley
Falcon Ridge
Falls Gable
Fallswood
Ferguson Meadows
Fern Valley
Fields of Harvest
Fields of Stevenson
Fishtown
Fitzell
Five Forks
Five Springs West
Flickerwood
Folly Farms
Fontana Village
Foreston
Forge Acres
Forge Heights
Fork
Fort Howard
Fowblesburg
Fox Ridge Manor
Fox Run
Foxhall Farm
Foxridge
Franklin Valley
Franklintown
Franklinville
Frederick Village
Freeland Farms
Freeland
Friends View
Fullerton Farms
Fullerton Heights
Fullerton
Garden Village Park
Garrison Farms
Garrison Forest
Garrison Ridge
Garrison
Gentsville
Germantown
Gillcrest
Gittings
Glen Arm
Glen Ellen
Glen Falls
Glenartney
Glenbauer
Glencoe Manor
Glencoe
Glenmar
Glyndon Greens
Glyndon
Goldentree
Gores Mill
Gorsuch Mills
Goucher Woods
Graceland
Grange
Granite
Grays Level
Graystone
Green Hill Farm
Green Meadow
Green Valley North
Greencroft
Greene Tree
Greenfield
Greengate
Greenspring
Greenwood Manor
Greenwood
Grey Rock
Grimesdale
Grimesville
Gunpowder Acres
Gunpowder
Gunrich
Halcyon Gate
Halethorpe
Haletown
Halifax Heights
Hallfield Manor
Hamlet Farms
Hampshire
Hampton East
Hampton Gardens
Hampton Village
Hampton
Harewood Park
Harmony Hills
Harrington Manor
Harris Hill
Harrisonville
Hartland Run
Hartland Village
Hartley
Hathaway
Haver Hill
Haverford
Hebbville
Helmsley Court
Henrys Bridge
Heraldry Square
Hereford
Hernwood Heights
Hernwood
Hewitt Farms
Hickory Meadow
High Point
Hillbrook
Hillendale Farms
Hillendale Heights
Hillendale Park
Hillendale
Hillside Hunt
Hillside at Seminary
Hillstead
Hilton Place
Hoffmanville
Holbrook
Holland Hills
Hollins
Hollinsland
Hollofield
Holly Beach
Hope Meadows
Hopkins Landing
Houcks Mill
Howardsville
Hunt Cup Hill
Hunt Ridge
Hunt Valley
Hunter Green
Hunters Glen South
Hunters Glen
Hunters Mill
Hunters Run
Huntridge North
Huntsmoor South
Huntspring
Hurline Farms
Hydes
Imperial Gardens
Indian Meadows
Island View Beach
Ivy Hill
Ivy Meadows
Jackson Ridge
Jacksonville
Jenkins
Jerusalem Mills
Jerusalem
Jonathans Delight
Jones Valley
Joppa Vale
Joppa View
Jordan Mill Farms
Julian Woods
Keener
Keeney Mill Farms
Keeney Mill Woods
Kendig Mill Station
Kenwood Park
Kenwood
Keyser Woods
Kings Country
Kings Court
Kings Park
Kingswood Common
Knoebel
Knoll Acres
Knollcrest Farms
Knollcrest Manor
Knollview
Kraft Corner
Lake
Lakeside
Lambourne Downs
Lansdowne
Laurelford
Lawrence Hill
Leisure Hill
Lereley
Liberty Manor
Linden Springs
Linhigh
Lochearn
Locksley
Locust Hill
Long Green Manor
Long Green Station
Long Green Woods
Long Green
Long Meadow West
Loveton Farms
Lowell Ridge
Lutherville
Lutz Hill
Lynn Acres
Lynnhurst
Lyonswood
Manor Brook
Manor Fields
Manor Glade
Manor Glen
Manor Hill
Manor Oaks
Manor Ridge
Manor Springs
Manor View Farms
Manor View
Manor Woods
Manor
Mansfield Woods
Mantua
Maplehurst Woods
Marble Hill
Mardella Run
Margate
Marine Oak Village
Martins Choice
Maryland Line
Marys Choice
Mayfair
Mays Chapel North
Mays Chapel Village
McDonogh Manor
McDonogh Park
McDonogh
Meadowcliff
Meadowland
Merrymans Mill
Merrywood
Miami Beach
Middletown Downs
Middletown
Mikules Manor
Milestone Manor
Milford
Millgate
Mission Ridge
Monkton Farms
Monkton
Morgan Manor
Morningside Heights
Morrisville
Mount Carmel Farms
Mount Carmel
Mount DeSales
Mountvista
Murray Hill
Necker
Nob Hill
Norris Run Woods
North Wind
Northwind Farms
Northwind Village
Norwood Park
Notch Cliff
Nottingham Woods
Nottingham
Nottinghamshire Farms
Oak Forest Park
Oak Hill
Oak Valley
Oakdale
Oakhurst
Oakland Park
Oakland
Oaks of Parsonage
Oakwood Village
Oella
Offutt Ridge
Old York Manor
Oliver Beach
Orange Grove
Oregon
Overlook
Owings Ridge
Padonia
Parkside Heights
Parkton
Parkview Trail
Parkville Heights
Patapsco Woods
Patchwork Farms
Pen Delle Manor
Pennbrook
Penwood Park
Perring Village
Perry Hall Park
Perry Hall Village
Perry View
Perryvale
Phoenix
Pine Hill Farms
Pine Ridge
Pinedale
Pinehurst
Pineleigh
Piney Creek
Piney Hill
Pleasant Grove
Pleasant Run
Port Cherry Gardens Farm
Porters Park
Prettyboy Garth
Prettyboy Trails
Prettyboy
Priceville
Quinn
Ralston
Ramona Beach
Ramsgate News
Ranchleigh
Randall Ridge
Ravenhurst
Rayville
Reckford
Regwood
Reservoir Ridge
Resh Mill Farms
Retreat Farms
Revere Park
Richardson Mews
Richlyn Manor
Ridervale
Ridge Grove
Ridgemont
Ridgeway
Riverwood Park
Rockdale
Rockland Run
Rockland
Rogers
Rolling Heights
Rolling Park
Rolling Ridge
Rolling Road Farms
Rollins View Green
Rosedale Terrace
Roslyn Station
Ross Valley Farms
Ruhl
Ruxton Hills
Ruxton Ridge
Sagamore Forest
Sagamore Village
Sarawoods
Scotts Level
Seminary Overlook
Seminary Springs
Seneca Park
Shady Oaks
Shane Valley
Shane
Sharretts Ridge
Shawan Valley
Shawan at Hunt Valley
Shawan
Sheppard
Shepperd
Sherwood Hills
Sherwood
Silver Gate Village
Silver Hill Farm
Silver Manor
Silver Meadow
Silver Spring Station
Silver Woods
Silverbrook Farm
Silvergate East
Sollers
Sorrento Run
Sorrento
Southfield At Whitemarsh
Sparks
Sparrows Point
Spook Hill
Spring Hil
Spring Valley Farms
Springdale
Springhill Farms
Springlake
Stab
Stablers Manor
Stablersville
Steeplechase
Stevenson
Stevenswood
Stockton Woods
Stockton
Stoddard
Stoneybrook North
Stringtown
Sturbridge
Suburbia
Sue Creek Landing
Summer Hill
Summerfield Farms
Summerfield
Summit Chase
Summit Park
Sunnybrook Farms
Sunnybrook
Sunset Knoll
Sunset View
Swan Point
Sweet Air Manor
Sweet Air
Talbotts Choice
Tarton Hill
The Beechs
The Chase at Foxridge
The Colony
The Falls
The Fields of Four Corners
The Highlands of Hunt Valley
The Hill Farm
The Lakes
The Manors
The Meadows
The Oaks at Five Farms
The Pines at Deep Run
The Village
The Willows of Ruxton
Thistle
Timber Chase
Timber Grove
Timber Point
Timberline Park
Timonium Heights
Timonium
Tobin
Town and Country North
Towson
Tree Top Station
Tremper Farm
Trenton Mill
Trenton
Troyer
Trump
Tufton Farms
Turkey Point
Twelve Trees
Twin River Beach`
Twinridge
Tyler
Upper Falls
Upperco
Urbanwood
Valewood At Hampton Gardens
Valley Brook
Valley Heights
Valley Hills
Valley Mill Farms
Valley Mill
Valley North
Valley Stream
Valley View
Valleywood
Van Dyke Manor
Vance Valley
Velvet Hills South
Velvet Hills
Velvet Ridge
Velvet Valley
Vernon
Verona
Victory Villa Gardens
Villa Nova
Village of Painters Mill
Village of Pawner
Village of Silver Hall
Village of Timber Grove
Village of Vanderway
Walden Circle
Walker Manor
Walker
Walkers Run
Walnut Springs
Wampler Village
Water View
Waterford Place
Waterspout
Wellington Valley
Wesley Woods
West Edmondale
West Liberty
West Twin River
Westbury
Westchester
Westerlee
Western Run
Westowne
Westview Park
Westwind
Wetherbee
Weyburn Park
Whispering Meadows
White Hall
White Marsh Station
White Marsh
Whitehouse
Wildwood Beach
Wildwoods
Winans
Windemere
Windsor Terrace
Windtree Valley
Windwood
Wiseburg
Woodbridge Valley
Wooddale Farms
Woodensburg
Woodglen Farms
Woodlands
Woodlawn
Woodleaf
Woodmont
Woods At Bay Country
Woodward Square
Woodward
Worthington Glen
Worthington Greens
Worthington Manor
Worthington Meadows
Worthington Park
Worthington Place South
Worthington Ridge
Worthington Run
Worthington
Yeoho
York Ridge
Yorkleigh
Yorktown
Parish
St. George's Parish
St. Thomas Parish
Unknown
Anneslie
North Point
Reistertown
Relay
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Baltimore County is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 805,029, making it the third-most populous county in Maryland. Its county seat is in Towson, in the north-central section just north of the adjacent City of Baltimore. The name of the County was derived from the barony of the Proprietor of the Calverts' new colony in the Province of Maryland, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, (1605-1675),, and the town of "Baltimore" in County Cork, of southern coastal Ireland.

Baltimore County is included in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area. It is increasingly part of the East Coast "megalopolis" stretching from Boston to Richmond.

Baltimore County no longer includes the City of Baltimore (Maritime "port of entry" established - 1706, Town founded - 1729, became "county seat" of Baltimore County - 1767 with construction later of new downtown courthouse, Incorporated as City - 1796/1797. After several small parcels of land added to the Town during the 1780's, Larger segments of territory annexed from surrounding County in three major acts. First adding areas known as the "Precincts" on west, north, east and southwest sides in 1816 and second, on the western and northern boundaries in 1888 (East side industrial communities of Canton and Highlandtown with large factory and business owners resisted and voted opposed - not annexed by City until next third major annexation of 1918-1919, which again took territory from the County on all three sides: west, north and east, along with to the south for the first time from Anne Arundel County, along the south shores of the Patapsco River). With adoption of second Maryland state constitution in 1851, provisions of which mandated separation of Baltimore City from the County and assuming one of the few "independent city" status in the United States on same level with other 23 counties of the state and giving limited "home rule" powers separate from the authority of the General Assembly of Maryland. A constitutional amendment, (little noticed and causing not much controversy or realization of future impact at the time, unfortunately even by the city) approved by referendum by state voters to the 1867 Maryland Constitution in 1948, prohibiting any future annexations without approval from residents in affected territories. Proposed after World War II and increasing suburbanization and possible racial residential motives not so prominent in earlier decades. As population ever since reached a maximum of 959,000 in 1950, then every decade since has dropped in the City and growth expanded to a greater metropolitan area, now involving five surrounding counties in the half-century since. Although causing extensive city-county hostilities during the time of the 1950's, 60's, and 70's Civil Rights movement, with later increasing urban social ills faced by the County's older "inner suburbs" by the 1980's, an atmosphere of metro cooperation has emerged with the drawing of cross-border state assembly districts, and organization of regional government agencies and increasing state assumption of powers.

Much of Baltimore County is suburban in character, straddling the border between the Piedmont plateau to the northwest and, in the southern and southeastern regions of the county bordering the Patapsco River and the Chesapeake Bay, the Atlantic coastal plain. Northern Baltimore County is primarily rural, with a landscape of rolling hills and deciduous forests characteristic of the Southeastern mixed forests and shares the geography with its neighbors to the east and west, Carroll County and Harford County, and going north across the historic Mason-Dixon Line into Adams County and York County in south central Pennsylvania.

Among the county's major employers are MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center on the east side in Rossville, the Social Security Administration, which has its national headquarters on the west side in Woodlawn, and Black & Decker in Towson. During World War II, the Glenn L. Martin Company in the far eastern county of Middle River had 53,000 employees manufacturing combat airplanes and aviation equipment for the war effort and the Bethlehem Steel Corporation had more than 30,000 workers at its sprawling Sparrows Point steel mill on the waterfront peninsula, largest in the world at one time. Of the 410,100 persons in the county's workforce as of 2009, 25% are employed in the fields of education, health, and human services, and 10% in retailing, with less than 1% in agriculture.[1] The county is also home to the University of Maryland, Baltimore County in the southwestern corner of the County, between Catonsville and Arbutus and to the central area, north of the city at the county seat of Towson University, now the second largest college/university in the state. Towson is also the home of the formerly all-woman Goucher College liberal arts school (now co-ed) and the recently renamed Stevenson University (formerly Villa Julie College), expanding from a business and secretarial school to a wide curriculum.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The earliest known documentary record of the county politically in the Maryland State Archives in the Hall of Records in the state capital of Annapolis is January 12, 1659, when a writ was issued on behald of the General Assembly of Maryland to its sheriff and is considered by historians to be its official year of "erection" (founding/establishment date) among the now twenty-three counties of the State, as it assumes that a certain amount of organization and appointments in the middle 17th Century had already occurred. Previously, Old Baltimore County was more known as a geographical entity than a political one, with its territorial limits consisting of most of northeastern Maryland, then the northwestern frontier of the Province and included the present day jurisdictions of Baltimore City, Cecil, and Harford Counties, as well as parts of Carroll, Anne Arundel, Frederick, Howard, and Kent Counties. In 1674, a proclamation of the Proprietor, established the then extensive boundary lines for old Baltimore County. Over the next century, various segments of the Old County were sliced off as population and settlements increased in the fringe regions so as to have a shorter distance to newly established county seats with their courts and commercial businesses.

In 1674, a portion of northeastern Baltimore County, as well as a portion of northwestern Kent County, was split off to erect Cecil County. In 1748, a portion of western Baltimore County, as well as a portion of Prince George's County to the south, were split off to erect Frederick County. In 1773, Harford County to the east was split off from Baltimore County. In 1837, another part of western Baltimore County was combined with a part of eastern Frederick County to erect Carroll County. After the adjustment of the County's southern boundary with Anne Arundel County stated to be the upper Middle and Western Branches of the Patapsco River in XXXX, a portion of its northwestern area was designated in 1838 as the "Western District" or "Howard District" of Arundel and in 1851 was officially separated to form the new Howard County (named for Revolutionary War commander of the "Maryland Line" of the Continental Army, Col. John Eager Howard, [1752-1827]).

The separation of Baltimore County from Baltimore City which it surrounds on three sides (east, north and west) occurred on July 4, 1851, as a result of the adoption of the 1851 second state constitution. Towsontown was voted in a referendum by the voting citizens as the new "county seat" several years later on February 13, 1854. A new Baltimore County Courthouse was authorized to be built facing Washington Avenue, between Chesapeake and Pennsylvania Avenues to replace the previous courthouse and governmental offices then centered for near 85 years in the City, which had been the official "county seat" since just before the American Revolution. Now surrounded by manicured flower gardens, shrubs and curved walkways, the historical landmark is built of local limestone and marble, it was completed and dedicated in 1855. Several additional wings and annexes have been added in 1910, 1923 and 1958, some done so well architecturally that they blend in together quite well as one unit. By the 1970s, the County's legal system and governmental offices had grown so much that a separate modernistic "County Courts Building" was erected to the west behind the old Courthouse with its annexes separated by a paved plaza which is used for employee/visitors relaxations and official ceremonies.

Before that, the Baltimore County court sessions had been held in private residences before 1674, with a small amount of documentary evidence. seat had been located in old Joppa, near the mouth of the Great Gunpowder Falls since 1712. Later by 1724, the Assembly authorized Thomas Tolley, Capt. John Taylor, Daniel Scott, Lancelot Todd and John Stokes to purchase 20 acres from a tract named "Taylor's Choice" after John Taylor who also held other parcels in the area. The Ordinance directed that the land be divided into 40 lots with streets and alleys to accompany the courthouse and jail which had already been previously erected. By 1750 had some 50 houses (including a few large two-story brick structures), a church (St. John's Anglican Parish), courthouse, 3 stone warehouses, inns, taverns, stores, a public wharf, "gallows-tree" with an "Amen Corner" with pillories and whipping posts but which is now extinct (but located northeast of the City near present-day suburban "Joppatowne" off Harford Road). When with a bit of financial pressure and paying for the cost of a new courthouse for 300 pounds sterling, dominant business, commercial and political residents of old Baltimore Town were able to get the county seat transferred to their growing and bustling port town in 1767, with the first courthouse constructed in 1768 at a new "Courthouse Square", (today on North Calvert Street, between East Lexington and East Fayette Streets), later site of the present "Battle Monument Square", constructed 1815-1822, commemorating defenses of the city and county in War of 1812 with bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British Royal Navy fleet in the Patapsco River, the two-day stand-off in the fortifications dug east of the city on Loudenschlager's Hill (now "Hampstead Hill" in today's Patterson Park) and the earlier Battle of North Point, in "Godly Woods" on the "Patapsco Neck" peninsula in southeastern county, commemorated ever since by Defenders' Day (a city, county and state official holiday) on September 12–14, 1814. A second city-county courthouse constructed in 1805-1809 was moved to the western side of the Square at North Calvert and East Lexington Streets. (In the future, after the City-County separation, a third, present courthouse for the increasingly complicated and more numerous judicial system for a growing metropolis, including the lower magistrates, commissioners, district and circuit courts, orphans (inheritances/wills) court, small claims court and the old Supreme Bench of Baltimore City was constructed on the entire western block of North Calvert, East Lexington, East Fayette and Saint Paul Streets from 1896 to 1900, later re-named in 1985 as the Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr. City Circuit Courthouse (for the famous Baltimorean and national civil rights leader, Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr., (1911-1984), reputed to be "considered the 101st U.S. Senator").[2]

The County has a number of properties and sites of local, state and national historical interest on the "National Register of Historic Places" which is maintained by the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior by the "Historic Sites Act" of August 1935.

The first county seat of Baltimore County was known today as "Old Baltimore". It was located on the Bush River on land that in 1773 became part of Harford County. In 1674, the General Assembly passed "An Act for erecting [sic] a Court-house and Prison in each County within this Province." The site of the court house and jail for Baltimore County was evidently "Old Baltimore" near the Bush River. We know this because in 1683, the General Assembly passed "An Act for Advancement of Trade" to "establish towns, ports, and places of trade, within the province." One of the towns established by the act in Baltimore County was "on Bush River, on Town Land, near the Court-House." The court house on the Bush River referenced in the 1683 Act was in all likelihood the one created by the 1674 Act. "Old Baltimore" was in existence as early as 1674, but we don't know what if anything happened on the site prior to that year. The exact location of Old Baltimore was lost for years. It was certain that the location was somewhere on the site of the present-day Aberdeen Proving Grounds (APG), a U.S. Army weapons testing facility. APG’s Cultural Resource Management Program took up the task of finding Old Baltimore. The firm of R. Christopher Goodwin & Associates (Goodwin) was contracted for the project. After Goodwin first performed historical and archival work, they coordinated their work with existing landscape features to locate the site of Old Baltimore. APG’s Explosive Ordnance Disposal of Army personnel went in with Goodwin to defuse any unexploded ordnance. The field team worked from fall 1997 through winter 1998. The team dug 420 test pits, and they uncovered several artifacts including a King Charles II farthing coin, French and English gun flints, as well as glass, metal and other items. The team also uncovered a brick foundation that proved to be the remains of the tavern owned by colonist James Phillips, a prominent land holder in the area. Along with James Phillips, the other most prominent land holder in Old Baltimore was William Osbourne. Osbourne operated the ferry across the Bush River. In his article Migrations of Baltimore Town, the Rev. George Armistead Leakin related a letter he received from Dr. George I. Hays. In that letter, Dr. Hays related an event in William Osborne’s life that his grandmother, born Sarah Osborne, and his great-aunt, Fanny Osborne shared with him. The account is of a raid by the Susquehannocks (a notoriously fierce war-like tribe from further north in Pennsylvania) who took William Osbourne’s oldest son. Osbourne and a party were unsuccessful in their attempt to rescue the boy. The boy was never seen by Osbourne again, and it is reported that he remained broken-hearted until his death.

In 1695, the "Old Baltimore" courthouse had evidently been abandoned, for in that year the county justices advertised for a purchaser of the late courthouse at Bush River and adjoining land. Apparently a new courthouse at "Simm's Choice" on the Baltimore County side of the Little Gunpowder Falls had been under construction since 1692 and in 1700, Michael Judd, the builder of the house of justice sold the lot on which it was situated to the county justices. This move away from the Bush River area reflects the growing economic and political importance of the Gunpowder region. In the next decade of the 18th Century, the county seat would move again, this time to Joppa where it would remain until 1768, indicative that the "Simm's Choice" location was less totally desirable.

The provincial assembly attempted to create at least two other towns during the county's early existence, but neither attempt moved very far beyond the planning stage. In the 1680's, the Assembly ordered that "Patapsco Town" be laid out on Sparrows Point. A jury traveled to the land and marked off town lots, but few other improvements were made on the site. Foster's Neck in the fork of the two Gunpowder Rivers ("Great" and "Little"), exhibited a similar fate. Created by a legislative act in 1706, the projected town was abandoned the following year. With a large number of plantations and small farms, some on a subsistence level,and the methods of business and commerce in this era made town life unnecessary, and without the attraction of a county courthouse, artificial ventures like "Patapsco Town" and "Foster's Neck" experienced a quick and painless death. However, a port and wharfing site such as Elk Ridge Landing on the upper Patapsco River's Western Branch, soon became very prosperous and busy in the 18th Century which was established on the "falls" of the river which was the dividing point from which below the rapids and rocks of the area, the river at that time was deep enough to permit loaded sailing merchantmen to travel upstream a considerable distance in this southern border of the County with Anne Arundel County (and future Howard County (after 1851). The Landing was a designated "port of entry" and was the terminus of several "rolling roads" on which horse or oxen-drawn hogsheads (huge barrels) packed with tobacco were wheeled down to the Landing/port to market and to be loaded on the sailing ships for London and Europe. However with the later gradual silting up over the decades from soil erosion and primitive poor farming cultivation methods of the upper Patapsco, southwest of the later 1729 Baltimore Town on the deeper Northwest Branch of the river, the maritime economy of the Landing wilted away and later by the next 19th Century became and important stop on the rapid new form of ground transportation, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the main north-south East Coast highway for wagons and carriages, later motor vehicles, on the Washington Boulevard or the designated U.S. Route 1 by the 1926 as the town of Elkridge was a stopping point, along with its famous Elkridge Furnace Inn and the earlier local iron ore deposits and small foundries.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1659 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1661 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1920 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 38,937
1800 59,030
1810 75,810
1820 96,201
1830 120,870
1840 134,379
1850 210,646
1860 54,135
1870 63,387
1880 83,336
1890 72,909
1900 90,755
1910 122,349
1920 74,817
1930 124,565
1940 155,825
1950 270,273
1960 492,428
1970 621,077
1980 655,615
1990 692,134

Note: Baltimore city has been reported separately from Baltimore County since 1860.

Research Tips

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Baltimore County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.baltimorecountymd.gov


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