m. est. 1660-1662
Facts and Events
Robert Carter was the son of John Carter (1620-1669) Sarah Ludlow (1635-1668). John immigrated to the colonies about 1650, settling eventually at his plantation which he named "Corotoman" in Lancaster County. Robert was born there in 1663. John left instructions in his will that a servant be aquired to school Robert; this was complied with by sending Robert back to England at about age ten, where he lived with one of his fathers business partners. One his return to Virginia Robert assumed responsibility for his fathers properties, and eventually became one of one of the wealthiest men in America. In 1688 he married Judith Armistead by whom he had several children. Judith died in 1699, and Robert subsequently married Elizabeth Landon in 1701, by whom he also had children. While not all of his children survived to adulthood, most did.
Robert was elected a Burgess from Lancaster County to the General assembly of Virginia in 1691, serving five consecutive terms. In 1726, as President of the Governor's Council, he served as acting Governor of Virginia after the death of Governor Hugh Drysdale. In his business life, Carter amassed considerable land holdings, eventually coming to own over 300,000 acres of land, mostly in the Northern Neck area of Virginia, and in the Valley of Virginia. Much of his land was acquired while serving as an agent of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, better known in Virginia as Lord Fairfax.
Carter served two terms as agent for the Fairfax proprietary of the Northern Neck of Virginia. During his first term, 1702-1711, he began to acquire large tracts of land for himself in the Rappahannock River region of Virginia. Among his acquisitions was a 2000 acre parcel in Westmoreland County, overlooking the Potomac and Nomini Rivers. Here he built Nomini Hall, a square Georgian style brick building which would serve as his home for the remainder of his life.  Carter served a second time as Fairfax's agent, this time from 1722-32. During this second term he made additional acquisitions in the Northern Neck of Virginia, and in the area west of the Blue Ridge. Much of this land was intended for the benefit of his children and grandchildren 
Carter was known as "King Carter", as much because of autocratic business methods, as because of his immense wealth. 
Robert died on the 4th of August, 1732, leaving behind an estate that included 300,000 acres, 1000 slaves, and 10,000 pounds in cash. He was buried at Christ Church, Lancaster County, a church for whose construction and endowment he had paid. His epitaph, inscribed on the top of his tomb is given in various sources as:
Robert Carter was born at Corotoman Plantation in Lancaster County, Virginia, to John Carter (1620–1669) of London, England, and Sarah Ludlow (1635–1668) of Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire. In 1688, he married Judith Armistead of Hesse in Gloucester County, an area which was included in the formation of Mathews County in 1691. After her death in 1699, he married Elizabeth Landon in 1701.
At the age of 28, Robert entered the General Assembly of Virginia as a Burgess from Lancaster County, serving five consecutive years. In 1726, as President of the Governor's Council, he served as acting Governor of Virginia after the death of Governor Hugh Drysdale.
As an agent of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron – known simply as Lord Fairfax – he served two terms as agent for the Fairfax Proprietary of the Northern Neck of Virginia. During his first term, 1702–1711, he began to acquire large tracts of land for himself in the Rappahannock River region of Virginia. Carter acquired some , a large part of which was the Nomini Hall Plantation, also spelled “Nomoni” or “Nominy,” which he purchased in 1709 from the heirs of Col. Nicholas Spencer, cousin of the Lords Culpeper, from whom the Fairfaxes had inherited their Virginia holdings.
When he became representative of Fairfax’s interests again in 1722, and served from 1722–32, he succeeded in securing for his children and grandchildren some in the Northern Neck, as well as additional acquisitions in Virginia west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
From Stafford County, Virginia records: This Indenture made the 22d day March 1704 between Edward (sic) Hinson of Parish Overwharton in county Stafford of the one part & Robert Carter of Christ Church Parish in county Lancaster...Witnesseth that Edmond Hinson for sum 7000 pounds of Tob. & cask...have sold Robert Carter 391 acres of land upon North side Potomack Run and bounded...beginning upon the Clift by the run side & extending thence N=45 degrees E=266 poles thence N=45 degrees W=2276 poles thence South 45 degrees W=188 poles to the run thence down the run according to the several courses & meanderes thereof to the beginning the tract of 391 acres being granted unto Joseph Hinson the father of ye sd Edmond Hinson by deed from the Propietors officed bearing date ye 16th day March 1694/5 as by the sd deed relation being thereunto had...tract of 391 acres given to Edmond by his fathers will... (Deed & Will Abstracts of Stafford County, 1699-1709, pp. 173- 176)
The following summary of sources on the Life of "King" Carter, is taken from A Brief Life of Robert Carter Transcribed and Edited by Edmund Berkeley, Jr. This authoritative work is available online at the Library of Virginia Website
The Contribution of the Manor to the Settlement and Growth of Virginia http://arleneeakle.com/
Robert “King” Carter amassed a huge acreage, most of it acquired while he served as agent (1702-1732) to the Northern Neck Proprietor, Lord Fairfax and his heirs (including Denny Martin who was required to assume the Fairfax name when he inherited the Proprietary). Carter challenged Fairfax for overlapping land boundaries because he had the support of a Virginia that resented such an important and huge landed estate totally in private hands as the Proprietary. Virginia did not originally receive income from these lands.
Robert Carter’s lands–Richland, and his extensive landholdings in the Northern Neck:
Lands included in Fauquier and Prince William counties, 1724:
Lands included in Fairfax and Loudoun counties, 1727-28:
Lands on and beyond the Blue Ridge Mountains, 1730-31:
Titles to these lands were issued in the names of the King’s sons, grandsons, sons in law: Landon Carter, George Carter, John Carter, Charles Carter, Robert Carter Jr, Mann Page of Rosewell, Lewis Burwell, Carter Burwell, Robert Burwell, Carter Page, Robin Page, Robert Carter Nicholas, Robert Carter Jr (son of John), Benjamin Harrison Jr, and Robert Carter Jr (son of Robert Carter). The records, however, refer to Colonel Carter’s boundaries.
The above identities and vita of Robert Carter's children are based on XXXXX. The names and dates for Robert Carter's Children, as given in various tertiary sources, vary widely.