Person:Philip V of France (1)

     
Philip V "the Tall" , King of France
d.3 Jan 1322
Facts and Events
Name Philip V "the Tall" , King of France
Gender Male
Alt Birth? 1293 Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, France
Unknown? House of Capet
Birth? 1294 Paris, Paris, France
Marriage Jan 1306/07 Corbeil, Marne, Franceto Joan II , Countess of Burgundy
Death? 3 Jan 1322
Burial[1] 6 Jan 1321/22 Basilique Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France
Ancestral File Number 8XJH-6X


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Philip V (c.1292/1293 – 3 January 1322), the Tall, was King of France, King of Navarre as Philip II, and Count of Champagne. He reigned from 1316 to his death and was the penultimate monarch of the main line of the House of Capet.

As the second son of king Philip IV, Philip the Tall was made Count of Poitiers while his elder brother, Louis X, inherited the throne in 1314. When Louis died in 1316, his wife was pregnant and it was decided that Philip the Tall would act as regent until she gave birth to her child. She had a boy who was proclaimed king as John I, but the small king lived only for five days.

Philip was immediately crowned at Reims as Philip V. However, his legitimacy was challenged by Joan of Navarre, Louis X’s daughter, who claimed the throne of France for herself. Philip V successfully contested her claims for a number of reasons, including her youth, doubts regarding her paternity (her mother was involved in the Tour de Nesle Affair), and the Estates General's determination that women should be excluded from the line of succession to the French throne, according to the ancient Salic law.

Philip V restored somewhat good relations with the County of Flanders, which had entered into open rebellion during his father’s rule, but simultaneously his relations with Edward II of England worsened as the English king, who was also Duke of Guyenne, initially refused to pay him homage.

A spontaneous and popular crusade started in Normandy in 1320 which aimed to liberate Iberia from the Moors. Instead the angry populace marched to the south attacking castles, royal officials, priests, lepers and Jews.

Philip V engaged in a series of domestic reforms intended to improve the management of the kingdom. These reforms included the creation of an independent Court of Finances, the standardization of weights and measures, and the establishment of a single currency.

Philip V died from dysentery in 1322 without a male heir and was succeeded by his younger brother Charles IV.

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References
  1. Wise and Foolish Kings, The First House of Valois 1328-1498, p41.
  2.   Philip V of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).