Philip V "the Tall" , King of France
b.1294 Paris, Paris, France
d.3 Jan 1322
m. 16 AUG 1284
Facts and Events
Philip V (c.1292/1293 – 3 January 1322), the Tall, was King of France, King of Navarre as Philip II, and Count of Champagne. He reigned from 1316 to his death and was the penultimate monarch of the main line of the House of Capet.
As the second son of king Philip IV, Philip the Tall was made Count of Poitiers while his elder brother, Louis X, inherited the throne in 1314. When Louis died in 1316, his wife was pregnant and it was decided that Philip the Tall would act as regent until she gave birth to her child. She had a boy who was proclaimed king as John I, but the small king lived only for five days.
Philip was immediately crowned at Reims. However, his legitimacy was challenged by Louis X’s daughter Joan, who claimed the thrones for herself. Philip V successfully contested her claims for a number of reasons, including her youth, doubts regarding her paternity (her mother was involved in the Tour de Nesle Affair), and the Estates General's determination that women should be excluded from the line of succession to the French throne, according to the ancient Salic law.
Philip V restored somewhat good relations with the County of Flanders, which had entered into open rebellion during his father’s rule, but simultaneously his relations with Edward II of England worsened as the English king, who was also Duke of Guyenne, initially refused to pay him homage. A spontaneous popular crusade started in Normandy in 1320 aiming to liberate Iberia from the Moors. Instead the angry populace marched to the south attacking castles, royal officials, priests, lepers, and Jews.
Philip V engaged in a series of domestic reforms intended to improve the management of the kingdom. These reforms included the creation of an independent Court of Finances, the standardization of weights and measures, and the establishment of a single currency.