Malcolm III "Canmore" of Scotland
Facts and Events
||Malcolm III "Canmore" of Scotland
||Máel Coluim Ard-rí Alban mac Donnchadha
||Máel Coluim mac Donnchada
||Atholl, Perthshire, ScotlandHouse of Dunkeld
||bet 1057 and 1093
||Reign, King of Scots
||Atholl, Perthshire, Scotlandto
||bet abt 1067 and 1069
||Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotlandto
||Atholl, Perth, Scotlandto
||13 Nov 1093
||Alnwick, Northumberland, England
||Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Máel Coluim mac Donnchada (Modern Gaelic: Maol Chaluim mac Dhonnchaidh, called in most Anglicised regnal lists Malcolm III, and in later centuries nicknamed Canmore—"Big Head", either literally or in reference to his leadership, or "Long-neck"—died 13 November 1093), was King of Scots. He was the eldest son of King Duncan I (Donnchad mac Crínáin). Malcolm's long reign, lasting 35 years, preceded the beginning of the Scoto-Norman age. He is the historical equivalent of the character of the same name in Shakespeare's Macbeth.
Malcolm's Kingdom did not extend over the full territory of modern Scotland: the north and west of Scotland remained in Scandinavian, Norse-Gael and Gaelic control, and the areas under the control of the Kings of Scots did not advance much beyond the limits set by Malcolm II (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) until the 12th century. Malcolm III fought a succession of wars against the Kingdom of England, which may have had as their goal the conquest of the English earldom of Northumbria. These wars did not result in any significant advances southwards. Malcolm's main achievement is to have continued a line which would rule Scotland for many years, although his role as "founder of a dynasty" has more to do with the propaganda of his youngest son David, and his descendants, than with any historical reality.
Malcolm's second wife, Margaret of Wessex, was eventually canonized and is Scotland's only royal saint. Malcolm himself gained no reputation for piety; with the notable exception of Dunfermline Abbey he is not definitely associated with major religious establishments or ecclesiastical reforms.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Malcolm III of Scotland, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
- The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-8.
- Scots Peerage, Scot 2b, v. 1, p. 1-3.
- Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt. 1, p. 96-97.
- Ancestors of King Edward III & Queen Philippa, Eng. 117.
- Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt. 1, p. 112-13.
- Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 183. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family., pg 183, 184.
- Nancy L Kuehl, A Seale Anthology Second Edition, 683.
- Malcolm III 'Caennmor', King of Scotland, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 MALCOLM, son of DUNCAN I King of Scotland & his wife [Sibylla of Northumbria] (1031-killed in battle near Alnwick, Northumberland 13 Nov 1093, bur Tynemouth St Albans, transferred to Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, transferred again to Escorial, Madrid), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
- ↑ Máel Coluim mac Donnchada (Malcolm III), in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
- Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093), in Amanda Beam, John Bradley, Dauvit Broun, John Reuben Davies, Matthew Hammond, Michele Pasin (with others). The People of Medieval Scotland, 1093 – 1314, PoMS, no. 245.