m. Apr 1115
m. 22 Jul 1137
Facts and Events
Louis VII (called the Younger or the Young) (1120 – 18 September 1180) was a Capetian King of the Franks from 1137 until his death. He was the son and successor of Louis VI (hence his nickname) and he married Eleanor of Aquitaine, one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe. Eleanor brought the vast Duchy of Aquitaine as a dowry to Louis, thus temporarily extending the Capetian lands to the Pyrenees, but their marriage was annulled in 1152 as no male heir could be produced.
Immediately after the annulment of her marriage, Eleanor married Henry Plantagenet, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou, to whom she gave the Aquitaine, five sons, and three daughters. When Henry became King of England in 1154, as Henry II, he ruled over a large empire, spanning from Scotland to the Pyrenees, that would mark the beginning of the long rivalry between France and England.
Louis VII's reign saw the founding of the University of Paris, and the disastrous Second Crusade. Louis and his famous counselor Abbot Suger pushed for a greater centralization of the state and favoured the development French Gothic architecture, notably the construction of Notre-Dame de Paris.
He died in 1180 and was succeeded by his son Philip II.