m. 1 Nov 1254
- Unknown , Plantagenet
- Katherine , of England
- Joan , Plantagenet
- John , Prince of England
- Henry , of England
- Eleanor , Princess of England
- Juliana , Princess of England
- Joan of Acre
- Alphonso , Prince of England
- Margaret , Princess of England
- Berengaria , Princess of England
- Unknown , of England
- Mary , of Woodstock
- Unknown , of England
- Elizabeth , of Rhuddlan
- Edward II , of England
Facts and Events
||Edward II , of England
||Edward , of Caernarfon
||25 Apr 1284
||Caernarfon, Caernarvonshire, WalesCaernarfon Castle
||4th Plantagenet Duke of Aquitaine
||House of Plantagenet
||6th Plantagenet King of England
||25 Jan 1308
||Boulogne-sur-Mer, Franceto Isabella , of France
Cohabitation without marriage formalities?
||21 Sep 1327
||Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
||20 Dec 1327
||Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
|Ancestral File Number
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed by his wife Isabella in January 1327. He was the sixth Plantagenet king, in a line that began with the reign of Henry II. Between the strong reigns of his father Edward I and son Edward III, the reign of Edward II was considered by some to be disastrous for England, marked by alleged incompetence, political squabbling and military defeats.
Edward fathered at least five children by two women, but was rumoured to have been bisexual. His inability to deny even the most grandiose favours to his male favourites (first a Gascon knight named Piers Gaveston, later a young English lord named Hugh Despenser) led to constant political unrest and his eventual deposition.
Edward I had pacified Gwynedd and some other parts of Wales and the Scottish lowlands, but never exerted a comprehensive conquest. However, the army of Edward II was devastatingly defeated at Bannockburn, freeing Scotland from English control and allowing Scottish forces to raid unchecked throughout the north of England.
In addition to these disasters, Edward II is remembered for his probable death in Berkeley Castle, allegedly by murder, and for being the first monarch to establish colleges at Oxford and Cambridge: Oriel College at Oxford and King's Hall, a predecessor of Trinity College, at Cambridge.
- Edward II of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- The Royal Dau. of Eng., Eng. 120, tab. II, pt. 1, p. 62, 222-23.
- Dict. of Nat'l Biog., Eng. Pub. A, v. 17, p. 38-48, v. 29, p. 64-67.
- Tableaux Genealogiques des Souverains, France 22, pt. 1, tab. 7, pt. 1, p. 98-99.
- Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co Inc, c2004), 21.
- Edward II, King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
- King Edward II, in Find A Grave.
- Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 171.
- EDWARD II King of England, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.