Facts and Events
ALBEMARLE COUNTY IN VIRGINIA, by Rev. Edgar Woods, 1901, pp. 319-320. "Among the earliest settlers in the western part of the county, who came as is said under the leadership of Michael Woods, was a family named Stockton. Though their name has entirely disappeared, they have in a number of ways left their mark behind. They consisted of several branches. They erected perhaps the first mill in that section of the county. The north fork of Mechum's River still bears the name of Stockton's Creek, the south fork in early times was called Stockton's Mill creek, and the first name by which Israel's Gap was known was Stockton's Thoroughfare. The famous abbreviation of D. S. is also ascribed to the head of the family. One story recites that Michael Woods and Davis Stockton landed at Williamsburg, and came to the wilds of Goochland together, that arriving at D. S., they advanced in different directions, Woods continuing straight forward to Woods's Gap, and Stockton bearing to the left along the foot of the mountain towards Batesville, and that as a memorial of the place where they separated, Stockton carved his initials on a tree . . Woods's home lay at the mouth of Woods's Gap, and the Stocktons were settled along Mecham's River, the south fork as well as the north."
Davis Stockton settled in what would become Albemarle County sometime before 1737 as attested to by a land patent secured on 10 June 1737
"Davis Stockton's Line" is mentioned on a Virginia Land Office Patent to Michael Wood (Woods) dated 10 June 1737. "George the Second . . . in Consideration of the Sum of Forty Shillings of good and lawful Money . . . do Give Grant and Confirm unto Michael Wood one certain Tract or Parcel of Land containing four hundred Acres lying and being in the County of Goochland on the heads of Ivy Creek on other Branches of the North River on the South Side of the North River and bounded as followeth (to wit) Beginning at a hiccory on Davis Stockton’s Line . . . crossing a Branch of the North River . . . to Pointers in Davis Stockton's Line . . . the Tenth Day June one thousand seven hundred and thirty seven In the Tenth Year of our Reign. William Gooch” 
1. Original source documentation is needed to confirm the identify of the wife of Davis Stockton. Davis apparently died intestate; some of those researching this line have made extensive collections of original source records for Davis, and include an inventory of his estate, but no will that might identify his wife. Land records in the area after Davis' death mention a "Sarah Stockton", but this could be a daughter, or other kinsmen, not necessarily Davis' wife. "Sarah Goudelock" is often said to be Davis wife, but direct evidence for this seems to be lacking. An "Adam Goudelock" appears in the area at the same time as Davis, and is commonly identified as Sarah's father. Some, however, had identified him as the husband of Sarah, daughter of Davis.
2. Child lists for this couple are also hampered by the lack of a will for Davis. Several Stockton's appear in the land records for the area about this time, and some have (apparently) used them as the basis for identifying his sons.
3. Woods, 1901 discusses the Stockton family in some detail, as early settlers in Albemarle County. He describes (but apparently does not believe) that Davis Stockton and Person:Michael Woods (1) "landed in Virginia" and came overland together to Albemarle County. It can be clearly shown that Michael Woods (1) came to Albemarle from Pennsylvania, passing down the Cumberland Valley into the Shannandoah, and then passing eastward over the Blue Ridge to settle in Albemarle. Thus the idea that he immigrated to America through Virginia is not easily supported. We have no direct evidence, however, for where Davis Stockton was living prior to his appearance in Albemarle. It is not inconceivable that he immigrated through Virginia, and by chance happened to settle near Michael Woods. On the other hand, marriages between the Woods family and several other family lines (i.e., Campbell's, Wallace', Cowan's, Gass) prior to their appearance in Albemarle, suggest that there were a fairly large group of families that came with Michael Woods from PA. It is possible that the Stockton's were among those families. This would point to an entry of the Stockton's into America through Pennsylvania.
In this regard, a Robert Stockton appears in Lancaster County about the time of that Davis Stockton appears in Albemarle County. YDNA evidence for descendants of Robert and Davis Given suggest that they were kinsmen. Given a matching YDNA signature, and the fact that Robert and Davis were exact contemporaries of each other, its possible that they were brothers, though other relationships are possible. This, in turn, suggest that Davis may have immigrated into Albemarle through Pennsylvania. That's consistent with a migration in the company of the extended family of Michael Woods, but does not preclude that Davis arrived independently in Albemarle.4.
6. The Stockton YDNA project examined a number of Stockton lineages, identifying four main independent lines, along with numerous unrelated Stockton lineages with only a single kit. Such a result is fairly typical of most YDNA surname projects. The project also provides near complete lineages for many of these kits (something not common among YDNA projects). While many of the kits show no lineage information at all, those that do facilitate useful comparison with the many lineages provided for Stockton lines though such sources as Ancestry Public Member Trees. Comparing those lineages suggests that many of the public lineages include ancestors that belong to different YDNA lines. This is particularly problematic in the lines descended from Richard Stockton of Burlington County New Jersey (Cheshire G Group in the Stockton Project). Comparing Ancestry lineages for the four major lines of Stocktons shows that data from the Cheshire Group G line has been interspersed among the genealogies of some of the other lines. This may be because a grandson of this Richard Stockton of the Group G line, figures prominently in the history of the American Revolution (he was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. As a result, some genealogists may have "claimed him" as an ancestor, even though there is no genealogical connection. While the lineages of the Stockton YDNA project do not show direct evidence of this, it is possible that some confusion remains. A detailed examination of the supporting evidence for at least one line of the four major groups is needed to sort this out.
The material below is placed here temporarily while working not the history of Davis Stockton. These materials will be removed once this article has been completed.
From the following it would appear that the Stockton's of Bedford were part of a large extended family associated with person:Michael Woods (1), who arrived in Bedford about 1730 from the Cumberland Valley of western Pennsylvania, coming to the area via the Valley of Virginia. Other associated families include, Wallace's, Campbell's, Gass' Cowan's, all of whom intermarried with Michael's family, either before or after their appearance in Albemarle/Bedford. SOme members of this group settled east of the Blue Ridge in Albemarle, others to the west in Old Augusta. In the 1760's, a number of members of the family line moved south, some to North Carolina, and some to South Carolina. Some remained in Virginia in Botetourt area. Eventually, some back flushed into southwest Virginia, and northeastern TN. It is common to find members of these families (or at least persons with the same surname) continuing to live in close proximity with each other, where-ever they settled. This pattern continued at least into the early 1800's, and is hinted at in Dot's note below.
A significant problem in the history of these families is to figure out where they were living prior to their appearance in Old Augusta (Including Albemarle and Bedford). There's clear evidence for them in the Cumberland Valley, but their appearance there appears to have been relatively brief. The families probably came there from eastern PA, and northern Maryland, but direct evidence for them there is needed. Pursueing the early history of any of these families may yield useful information about the others, and may help point back to their place of origin in the British Isles (assuming that's where they came from. most of these families seem to be Scot Irish, but at least one---the Gass---could be German.)
From Dot Doll, 19 April 2014, personal Communication
I’m preparing a preponderance of evidence that my possible James Cowan b. 1765 or before d. 1828 is related to the Stockton Family that came into the Mecham River area with Michael Woods. I believe that person:David Cowan (1) d. 1811 Sevier County, TN first lived on or near this river. Adam Goudylock came with them too. This part of the Mecham [watershed] eventually became Albemarle, Co VA.