Person:Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine (1)

Charles de Basse-Lotharingie
Facts and Events
Name[8] Charles de Basse-Lotharingie
Alt Name Karel van Nederlotharingen
Alt Name Karel der Franken
Alt Name Charles I of the Franks, Duke of Lower Lorraine
Alt Name[8] Charles de Lorraine
Gender Male
Birth[1] 0953 Laon, Laon, Aisne, FranceHouse of Carolingian
Marriage est 970 to Adelaid de Vermandois
Alt Marriage abt 975 to Adelaid de Vermandois
Death[7] 2 Jun 0991 Orléans, Loiret, Francein captivity
Burial[7] 1001 Maastricht, Limburg, NetherlandsSt. Servatius
Reference Number[1] Q469603?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charles (953–993) was the Duke of Lower Lorraine from 977 until his death.

Born at Reims in the summer of 953, Charles was the son of Louis IV of France and Gerberga of Saxony and the younger brother of King Lothair. He was a sixth generation descendant of Charlemagne.[1] When his father was captured by the Normans and held, both his sons were demanded as ransom for his release. Queen Gerberga would only send Charles, who was then handed over and his father was released into the custody of Hugh Capet.[2]

In or before 976, he accused Lothair's wife, Emma, daughter of Lothair II of Italy, of infidelity with Adalberon, Bishop of Laon. The council of Sainte-Macre at Fismes (near Reims) exonerated the queen and the bishop, but Charles maintained his claim and was driven from the kingdom, finding refuge at the court of his cousin, Otto II. Otto promised to crown Charles as soon as Lothair was out of the way and Charles paid him homage, receiving back Lower Lorraine.[3]

In August 978, Lothair invaded Germany and captured the imperial capital of Aachen, but failed to capture either Otto or Charles. In October, Otto and Charles in turn invaded France, devastating the land around Rheims, Soissons, and Laon. In the latter city, the chief seat of the kings of France, Charles was crowned by Theodoric I, Bishop of Metz. Lothair fled to Paris and was there besieged. But a relief army of Hugh Capet's forced Otto and Charles to lift the siege on 30 November. Lothair and Capet, the tables turned once more, chased the German king and his liege back to Aachen and retook Laon.

As he had been a vassal also of Lothair, Charles' acts on behalf of Otto were considered treason and he was thereafter excluded from the throne. On Lothair's death (986), the magnates elected his son Louis V and on the latter's death (987), Hugh Capet. Thus, the House of Capet came to the throne over the disgraced and ignored Charles. Charles' unexceptional marriage and his lack of wealth are two of the reasons he was denied the throne.[4] Charles made war on Hugh, even taking Rheims and Laon. However, on Maundy Thursday (26 March) 991, he was captured, through the perfidy of the Bishop Adalberon, and was imprisoned by Hugh in Orléans, where he died a short while later, in or before 993. He was succeeded as Duke of Lower Lorraine by his son Otto.[5]

In 1666, the sepulchre of Charles was discovered in the Basilica of Saint Servatius in Maastricht. His body appears to have been interred there only in 1001, but that is not the date of his death, as some scholars assumed. Though Charles ruled Lower Lorraine, the Dukes of Lorraine (Upper Lotharingia) counted him as Charles I of Lorraine.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Tab. Gen. Souv. France 22 Tab. IV.
  3.   Die Nechkommen Karls des Grossen Germ Pub Bt v. 11 p1 10.
  4.   Ahnen zu Karl der Grossen, Germ. PH 694 p. 103.
  5.   Plantagenet Ancestry Eng. 116, p. 19, 105, 171.
  6.   Royal Gen Eng. 132, p. 451, 596.
  7. 7.0 7.1 CHARLES, son of LOUIS IV "d'Outremer" King of the Franks & his wife Gerberga of Germany (Laon summer 953-in prison Orléans 12 Jun 991, bur 1001 Maastricht, St Servatius)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.

    See this source for a discussion of the identity of the wife of Charles. One possibility not mentioned by this source is that Charles' first wife was "not his equal" and that his second wife (and mother of later children) was Adelais, daughter of the Count of Troyes (Robert or possibly Heribert). It is not clear from the information provided whether this is a realistic possibility.

  8. 8.0 8.1 Biographie en Wikipedia FR, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, [[1]], trouvée 2015, Secondary quality.

    Charles de Basse-Lotharingie1, né à Laon durant l'été 953 et mort le 12 juin 991 à Orléans, est un prince carolingien, fils du roi Louis IV d'Outremer et de Gerberge de Saxe. Il fut duc de Basse-Lotharingie de 977 à 991 et prétendant au royaume des Francs de 987 à 991.

    Père Louis IV « d’Outremer »
    Mère Gerberge de Saxe

    D'après Christian Settipani, il épouse en première noces vers 970 une fille de Robert de Vermandois, comte de Meaux et de Troyes, dont il a10 :
    Otton (né en 970, mort en 1012), duc de Basse-Lotharingie.
    Il se remarie vers 975 avec une Adélaïde, d'origine obscure car fille d'un vassal d'Hugues Capet.
    Une troisième épouse lui serait également attribuée : il s'agit de Bonne d'Ardennes, fille de Godefroi le Captif, comte de Verdun, et de Mathilde de Saxe (morte en 1008)7.