Facts and Events
||possibly in August (see Family or Personal History below)
to Hermann Friedrich DÖRRIEN
- « ... And so it would seem likely to have been in England where Mr. Dorrien married Miss Wolters in around August of 1700 – when he was about thirty and she about twenty-six. This Miss Wolters (or Wolter) turns out to be the sister of one of Mr. Dorrien’s young apprentices, by the name of Peter Wolter, who was tragically murdered, less than a year later by his erstwhile friend and fellow apprentice Herman Strodtman, in whose confession, made on the eve of his execution (18 June, 1701), he mentions the detail of his master’s marriage.
- —HERMAN STRODTMAN was indicted at the Old Bailey, on three ſeveral indictments. The firſt was for the murder of Peter Wolter, his fellow ſervant, on the 27th of April, 1701: the ſecond, for breaking open the houſe of Meſſieurs Stein and Dorien, and ſtealing a watch and other things, the property of the ſaid Peter Wolter; and the third for ſtealing divers goods, the property of Herman Frederick Dorien, on the day before mentioned. ... The Confeſſion of HERMAN STRODTMAN:
- “... About the year 1694, my father ſent me to ſchool to Lubeck, where I continued till Michaelmas 1698. From thence I went to Hamburgh, and ſtaid there till I ſet out for England. I arrived at London in March following, and (together with one Peter Wolter, who came with me to England) was bound apprentice to Mr. Stein and Mr. Dorien, merchants, and partners in London. Peter Wolter and myſelf, having been fellow-travellers, and being now fellow-’prentices, we lived for ſome time very friendly and lovingly together, till about Auguſt laſt, when his fiſter was married to one of our maſters, Mr. Dorien. ....”
- However, there is no record of this marriage having taken place at the German Lutheran Church in Trinity Lane, London – of which Mr. Dorrien was a member of the congregation and where he had his children baptised – beginning with his eldest son, Liebert on July 4th, 1701.
- “Anno 1701 ... 4 Juli | Liebertus Dorrien Son to Mr. Friederic Dorrien in Bushlane”
- After Liebert, they had nine more children – eight of which were also baptised at the Trinity Lane Church. The last of these being Elizabeth, who was baptised on November 19th, 1712.
- “Anno1712 ... 19 Nov. | Elizabeth Dorryens, daughter to Mr. Fr. Dorryen Marchd in Sweathin’s [St. Swithin’s] Lane”
- But she may not have been their youngest child. Although I have been unable to find a record of their youngest son John’s baptism at the same church, his death on December 9th, 1784, at the age of seventy, would indicate he was born in about 1714. At which time Frau Dorrien (née Wolters) would have been about forty.
- But it was still in this Lutheran Church in Trinity Lane that Hermann Friedrich Dörrien – now going by the more Anglicised version of his second Christian name, Frederick – specified in his will he wished to be buried.
- “I Frederick Dorrien of London Merchant ... my body I commit to the Earth to be devoutly yett privately buryed in the Lutheran Church of the holy Trinity in Trinity Lane London ....”
- He does not mention his wife in his will – from which we may conclude she had died sometime before he wrote it on February 3rd, 1732. In Werner Constantin von Arnswaldt’s book on the Dorrien family, published in 1910, she is referenced as actually having died about five or six years earlier in 1726. Von Arnswaldt also gives her year of birth as 1674, indicating she would have been about fifty two years old at the time of her death.
- "Harmen Friedrich ~~ Hildesheim (Andr.) 1670 Aug. 9., † London 1740 (γ 1733) Kaufmann in London ~ . . . . 1700 . . . m. . . Wolters * . . 1674 . . . † . . . 1726 . . . . Englische Linie:" (NOTE: Please to imagine this in its original German Gothic!)
- And though Von Arnswaldt repeats the mistaken ‘1740’ year of death for ‘Harmen Friedrich (Dorrien)’, he does include the alternate and correct year of ‘1733’ in brackets. So perhaps we may place some cautious reliance on the dates he gives for Mr. Dorrien’s wife. But there are no clues as to either where she was born or where she died. Though, as at least nine of her ten children were baptised at the Lutheran Church of the Holy Trinity – and more than half of them buried there too – as would be her widowed husband as well, it would seem likely that she too should have been buried there. Except that there appears to be no record of this. And her husband – as already stated – did not mention her in his will – not even to express the wish to be buried near her. Does this imply that she must have died and been buried far away – perhaps in another country even? This and most other sources show only her surname of ‘Wolters’ – but there is one which includes her Christian name, ‘Agneta’ – the burial record of their son, ‘Friderick’:
- “Anno 171⅘  ... '11 marti.. | Friderick Dorrien, filius __ Fr. Dorrien, et Agneta Dorrien nat: Wolters / an den misells(¿Mazern?) ins gewölbe beigesetzt (from the measles(?) buried in the vault)” [bold text mine]
- Returning to the question of Frederick Dorrien’s wife; while her name has been established, her origin still remains unclear. We know she almost certainly had a brother, the aforementioned Peter Wolter(s), whose life was so horribly cut short in 1701. It is also fairly apparent that she had at least one other brother named Libert, who became a partner of her eldest son – and his namesake, in whose will he is mentioned.
- “I Libert Dorrien of ffenchurch Street London Merchant ... Item I Give and bequeath unto my Uncle and partner Libert Wolters One hundred pounds ....”
- While there are no solid clues to the identities of their parents or from where they may have hailed, there are some other references – mostly German – to a Liebert Wolters, who would appear to be the same or possibly his father.
- In Margrit Schulte Beerbühl’s book Deutsche Kaufleute in London (‘German Merchants in London’), there are references to both the Dörrien merchant family from Hildesheim and to Liebert Wolters, whose ancestors were members of the ‘Company of Merchant Adventurers of London’ in Hamburg – and whose aunt married an Englishman.
- “... In the case of the merchants who migrated to Bremen it is striking that siblings of theirs or other close relatives went to London at about the same time. Thus members of the merchant families of Dörrien from Hildesheim, Vogel from Herford or Teschemacher from Elberfeld settled simultaneously in both Bremen and London during the second half of the 1700s. ....”
- “... The ancestors of Liebert Wolters were members of the Company of Merchant Adventurers in Hamburg and, through an aunt of his by her marriage to an Englishman; he had close links to London. [fn.176] A striking number of the children, relatives or descendants of the founding members of the English Company established offices in both Bremen and London. [fn.177] ....”
- I do not know which Liebert Wolters this is referring to – or who either the aunt or her husband may be. Footnote #176 refers to a thesis dissertation, published in German in Cologne, 1969 and written by Reinhard Lohmann, with the title:
- Die Familie Wolters in Hamburg während des 17. Jahrhunderts und die Beziehungen von Liebert Wolters Vater und Sohn nach Schweden
- So this “Wolters family living in Hamburg during the 1700s and the relations of Liebert Wolters father and son from Sweden” does suggest the hint of a possible clue. But one would have to read the dissertation to learn any more. Footnote #177 reads in my rather uncertain translation:
- “Of the founding members of the English Company, Jacob von Berchem, Elard Koithan, Johann Bode and Johann Andreas Uhthoff, (had) sons (who) migrated to England. Also the merchants Johann Jobst Vogel, Friedrich Ernst Droop, Dörrien and Teschemacher had close relatives or descendants in England (for the founding members, cf. Kopiebuch der Englischen Kompanie, STA Bremen, 7, 2078/1).”
- There are at least two other articles written or co-authored by Margrit Schulte Beerbühl, which deal with the German migration to England: 1. ‘War England ein Sonderfall der Industrialisierung? Der ökonomische Einfluß der protestantischen Immigranten auf die Entwicklung der englischen Wirtschaft vor der Industrialisierung’; 2. Migration and Transfer from Germany to Britain, 1660-1914, in which her article: ‘Commercial Networks, Transfer and Innovation – The Migration of German Merchants to England, 1660-1880’. But neither of these have any references to any member of the Dörrien or Wolters families.
- Another publication in German, Lexicon der Hamburgischen Schrifsteller bis zur Gegenwart (Westphalen – Zylius) by Dr. Hans Schröder (Hamburg 1883) has an entry for a Stephan Wolters, Doctor of Theology, which indicates he was “born in Hamburg on 26 July 1645, the son of reformist merchant Libert Wolters, whose father came from Luik (Liège) in Holland, and of Jacoba, née du Bois ....”
- And there is a family tree posted on genealogy.com, which shows this Wolters family. However there is no Liebert son of Liebert Wolters there. This Dr. Stephan Wolters is shown to have had a brother – but he was called Abraham Wolters, born 17 April, 1649. Of course this does not preclude the possibility of another brother called Liebert – or of a sister called Agneta for that matter. Though given the time frames, it would be far more likely that our ‘Liebert Wolters’ – he who died in 1761 – would have been of a subsequent generation – perhaps a son of either Stephan or Abraham. And the same likelihood would apply to our Agneta Dorrien née Wolters (1674-1726).
- To follow up on the supposed Swedish connection, it can be noted that Abraham Wolters married Eva Sjöhjelm of Stockholm, where he became a ship-owner as well as Beruf Reeder and Commissar. And on the RootsWeb version of the same family tree they are indeed shown to have had a son called Liebert, who was born in about 1671. Although this Liebert Wolters’ occupation is given there as Fähnrich (ensign / officer cadet). And the burial registry of our Liebert Wolters, the “Hamburg merchant” shows that he was 76 when he died in 1761, indicating he would have been born in about 1685.
- Yet another book, Your Humble Servant – Agents in Early Modern Europe, edited by Hans Cools, Marika Keblusek and Badeloch Naldus, has the following:
- “Another example is the long-term competition in which the Swedish factor in Hamburg, Liebert Wolters, and the Swedish post commissioner Barthold Huswedel were engaged. Their quarrel was about the opportunity to act as merchant for Johan Rosenhane, head of the Wismarer Tribunal in Wismar. [fn.34] ....”
- This footnote #34 references “letters from Wolters and Huswedel to Rosenhane.” And also refers the reader to the Reinhard Lohmann 1969 thesis dissertation mentioned above.
- And that about exhausts my current search for the family of the presumed Wolters brothers and sister: Peter, Liebert and Agneta.
- .... » —See full article: Hermann Friedrich DÖRRIEN & his wife, Agneta WOLTERS by Robin Cary Askew - or in downloadable MS.Word document format (with charts & endnotes) at: Media:Hermann Friedrich DÖRRIEN & his wife, Agneta WOLTERS.doc
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Arnswaldt, Werner Constantin von: Die Dörriens - Die Familie Dörrien in Alfeld, Hildesheim und Braunschweig. Im Auftrag von Gutsbesitzer Walter Dörrien, 1 Heft, 1910, chart following last page 67 (djvu: 66/66).
« Harmen Friedrich ~~ Hildesheim (Andr.) 1670 Aug. 9., † London 1740 (γ 1733) Haufmann in London ~ . . . . 1700 . . . m. . . Wolters * . . 1674 . . . † . . . . 1726 . . . . Englische Linie: » > Accessed on: www.rainerdoerry.de/Literatur/