User:Robinsonbill/Fort Coleraine aka Dunlaps Station

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Colerain, Hamilton, Ohio, United States
Year range
1783 - 1798


Dunlap's Station

Dunlap’s Station, sometimes referred to as Fort Coleraine ,[1] was established in '1790".

"Yet the settlers became victims of a “most severe attack by Indians” in 1791, who, besides killing and burning, also tortured a captive man to death by setting a fire on his abdomen (the story of his night-long screams became part of Ohio anti-Indian lore). In a similarly savage vein, though, the army lieutenant in charge of defending the station boasted of a set of Indian scalps his men had taken. Today both the ancient Indian enclosure and the fort are long gone, though the cemetery remains..."

From Ancientohiotrails...

See also

Place:Dunlop Station, Hamilton, Ohio, United States


1.^ Cone, p. 64  [1]

Image:Dunlap's Station model.jpg

Ft Coleraine aka Dunlaps Station

(Delete info moved to wikipedia.)

See Wikipedia... "I spent the past few days developing this page, which is the first one like this I have attempted. I tried a few other minor jobs earlier and one was quickly deleted as I grossly violated copyright; hopefully I have learned from that. As I have received zero comments, I am hoping 'no news is good news.' I happened across a talk page that suggested you were the expert, and had first suggested the topic. I am a family historian and my 5GGPa was Martin "Burgett" who signed the request for troops, and was killed a year later. I am not a historian. I am assuming that his involvement would not be significant enough for inclusion. I hope to develop this in my current WeRelate sandbox and Blogspot. I would like for you to at least spend 5 minutes reading the Siege page here, and say it's OK, or not. Comments, corrections and suggestions would be great. Thanks in advance. Robinsonbill 17:27, 14 October 2013 (UTC)"

DsS ideas:

1) After the recent battles, Congress wanted a series of outposts... 2) The surveying was flawed and titles were later withdrawn. Did investors get a good return 3) The original Wyoming battle push?

The catastrophic defeat of General Harmer's forces greatly lifted the spirits of Little Turtle's Miamis. It led to the establishment of further fortifications by the US,

Fort Finney Treaty & Shawnee Lookout direct reference?

CHS activity included?

Martin's Station?

Add more citations?

"... weak pickets, made of small timber or logs split in half and thrust into the ground, above which they stood only about eight feet high... Within this dwelt about thirty persons -- men, women, and children -- including only eight or ten capable of bearing arms.

"Upon the erection of the station, however, an application duly made at Fort Washington for a garrison, Lieutenant KINGSBURY was sent with thirteen soldiers to strengthen the defenders..."

"BRADBURY CILLEY... purchased a section of land on the Big Miama, at what was then called DUNLAP'S Station, about sixteen miles from Cincinnati. This station... was the first settlement in the interior, back from the Ohio river.

Maps & Photos

Add original diagram, photo of model from river and ...

Dates/Names/Places (& versions):


"In the late 1700s, settlers ventured farther and farther north of the Ohio River along the tributary valleys, building cabins, planting crops, grazing cattle, and creating fort-like settlements called “stations” – the most northerly along the Great Miami was Dunlap’s Station, also called “Coleraine.” It was located next to an enormous 95-acre D-shaped Hopewell era enclosure, with walls nine feet high."

See Squier and Davis in 1848."

There were numerous mounds constructed by the Fort Ancient culture (1000-1650 CE), in SW Ohio.

thumb|Hb File:Hb_serp_2

Iiiiiiii Is this consistent with other maps? The riverbed changed around 1881 according to Ford, pg 256. Iiiiiiiiii

Jack Willard did a watercolour showing an established trail just East of the Great Miami, forking NW from what later became the City of Hamilton. The latter was shown as the Wabash Trail. East of Little Miami along the Ohio River was a settlement known as Le Baril (now California). The bulk of the native settlements were North and East of the Scioto River which arises near a NS center line in the middle of wat is now the state of Ohio.

Seeeeee imageeeee ....

Clearly the Shawnee, Miami and others were semi-nomadic who hunted, fished, and travelled over a very wide area. This pattern would be severely disrupted and then destroyed by European settlers and their North American troops, despite promises and even ocassional benevolent plans.

===1763 - Treaty of Paris...

After the defeat of 6 Oct 1774 at Point Pleasant, West Virginia, the Shawnees agreed to give up more land. (pg 217).


1776 - Declaration of Independance.===

"Little Turtle's War really started just after the American Revolution. With the American victory in 1783, more and more settlers began arriving in the region and settling Indian lands. [The Miami's, or as they were sometimes called, the Twightwees, lived in what was to become Indiana and western Ohio.] The Indians responded with many raids. It is estimated that the Indians killed 1,500 settlers from 1783 to 1790.

1778 - Symmes request...===

Image:Symmes Purchase .png

Symmes Purchase in Ohio

See: First Families Of Coleraine...

And: Coleraine Pageant: quarterly publication of the Coleraine Township Hist. Society. See Ancestors Corner...

1783 - US victory. This led to Ohio land sales as income...

Image:Coleraine Heritage Park - 11405 East Miami River Road-resized.jpg

Coleraine Heritage Park - 11405 East Miami River Road


The first settler in the tract now covered by Colerain township was undoubtedly John DUNLAP, an Irishman from Colerain, in the north of Ireland. In 1790 he made his way up the valley of the Great Miami to this notable bend, about seventeen miles from the Cincinnati of that day, where he determined to found a colony, and laid out a village, which be named from his native place in the old country, and which, though it presently became extinct, perpetuated its musical name in the designation of the township. A few settlers joined him here; and they promptly built a fort or station at the spot selected. It consisted simply of their little cabins clustered together upon a space of about an acre, built to face each other and, with a singular want of forethought, their roofs so placed as to slope outward, and the caves so low that it is said the dogs were accustomed to jump from the stumps without to the top of them, and so get into the enclosure.1

This was constructed of a stockade of rather weak pickets, made of small timber or logs split in half and thrust into the ground, above which they stood only about eight feet high. Small block-houses were built at the corners of the square formed by the stockade. Within this dwelt about thirty persons -- men, women, and children -- including only eight or ten capable of bearing arms.

Upon the erection of the station, however, and application duly made at Fort Washington for a garrison, Lieutenant KINGSBURY was sent with thirteen soldiers to strengthen the defenders. The Indians gave the settlers so much trouble that General HARRISON, at Fort Washington, now Cincinnati, sent for their protection a detachment of soldiers under Lieutenant KINGSBURY.

Surveyor, Darius Orcutt.... [This track has been marched over by parts of four armies - dark's in 1780; HARMAR' left wing, 1790; ST. CLAIR' main body in 1791, and WAYNE' center and left wing in 1793.]

"BRADBURY CILLEY... purchased a section of land on the Big Miama, at what was then called DUNLAP'S Station, about sixteen miles from Cincinnati. This station... was the first settlement in the interior, back from the Ohio river.

= April - Settlers, troops & Natives

Settlers moved to what they thought was John Dunlap's land:

Martin BURKHARDT/Bergit

Mary Cronis

William, John and David Crum


John Dunlap.... It now appears there were two John Dunlap's who were Ohio surveyors...

Henry & Jacob Felton

Simon Girty?

Michael HAHN

A near Hunt

Lt J Kingsbury

Michael LUTZ


Symmes did not move here and went on to a disgraced career...


Henry Whittaker

Siege of Dunlap's Station (first attack)

[see wikipedia]

1790-91? Felton grape-vine story...=

=1790'-91? Hunting trip wounding...

1790-91? Grapes & kidknapping...+

In 1790, President George Washington ordered an army into the field...""The army organized at Fort Washington (present-day Cincinnati, Ohio... "Little Turtle launched two big attacks and routed Harmer's army, inflicting more than 200 casualties."


Jan 2 Hahn-Burget-Lutz attack...

Jan 10 Dunlaps Stn. attack... by Simon Girty & Blue Coat w ....

Jan 17 Petition re: "savages..."

Next it was General Arthur St. Clair's turn. In the fall of 1791... he built new bases for added security - Fort Hamilton and Fort Jefferson. But in the end he fared no better... 900 casualties... "Washington ordered a third army out, this one 3,000 strong under General `Mad' Anthony Wayne... [who] took two years to organize..." (ppg 132-3).


(Spring) Moved to North Bend...

1792 - Moved to Dannaughs Stn.

1794 - Symmes aka Miami Purchase between Great & Small Rivers...

1795 - after WAYNE'S treaty, in 1795, the garrison was dismissed.

1798 - The settlers who bought of him lost their claims for want of perfect titles to the land."

1798? - Treaty of Green Ville...

1798, Apr 19 - Coleraine land purchase nullified?+

Much later many of them were pushed into Oklahoma. (ppg.216-219).

1850 - Cist interviewed Wm Wiseman & Samuel Hahn...

1859 - Felton interviews...

The story of the siege is admirably narrated in Volume I. of MC-BRIDES' Pioneer Biography, receiving many of its touches and details, we suspect, from the hand of the accomplished editor of that work, Mr. Robert CLARKE, of Cincinnati. At the risk of some repetition--the facts having been given in brief in the first division of this work --we quote the main portions of the narrative here:

Before sunrise on the morning of the tenth of January, just as the women were milking the cows in the fort, the Indians made their appearance before it, and fired a volley, wounding a soldier named MCVICKER. Every man in the fort was immediately posted to the best advantage by the commander, and the fire returned. A parley was then held at the request of the Indians, and Abner HUNT, whom they had taken prisoner as before mentioned, was brought forward securely bound, with his arms pinioned behind him, by an Indian, or, as some say, the notorious Simon GIRTY, the leader of the party, holding him by the rope. Mounting him on a stump within speaking distance of the garrison, he was compelled to demand and urge the surrender of the place, which, in the hope of saving his own life, he did in the most pressing terms, promising. that if it were done, life and property would be held sacred. Not a single individual in the fort, however, would agree to a surrender. Lieutenant KINGSBURY took an elevated position where he could overlook the pickets. and promptly rejected all their propositions, telling them that he had dispatched a messenger to Judge SYMMES, who would soon be up to their relief, with the whole settlement on the Ohio. He failed, however, to impose on them. They replied that it was a lie, as they knew Judge SYMMES was then in New Jersey, and informed him that they had five hundred warriors, and would soon be joined by three hundred more, and that, if an immediate surrender was not made, they would all be massacred, and the station burned. Lieutenant KINGSBURY replied that he would not surrender if he were surrounded by ten thousand devils, and immediately leaped from his position into the fort. The Indians fired at him, and a ball struck off the white plume he wore in his hat. The prisoner HUNT was cruelly tortured and killed within sight of the garrison.

Reily Township...

Is named for John Reily (1763-1850), the former Clerk of the Northwest Territory and the first Butler County clerk of courts. [2]

The station was completely invested by the Indians and the attack was most violent. They commenced like men certain of victory and for some time the garrison was in great danger. The Indians fired, as usual, from behind stumps, trees and logs, and set fire to a quantity of brushwood that had been collected by the settlers, and then, rushing in with burning brands, attempted to fire the cabins and pickets. The vigilance and close firing of the besieged, however, prevented the accomplishment of this object. One Indian was killed just as he reached the buildings. In the night they threw blazing arrows from their bows against the stockade and upon the roofs of the buildings, with the intention of firing them; but in this they were also unsuccessful. The garrison, well knowing that their lives depended upon it, met them at every point. The attack was continued without intermission during the whole of the day and the succeeding night, and until nine o'clock in the morning of the 11th, when the Indians, despairing of success, and, perhaps, apprehensive of the arrival of reinforcements from Cincinnati, raised the siege and retreated in two parties, one to the right and the other to the left, as was afterward discovered by their tracks.

The whole strength of the garrison was eighteen soldiers and eight or ten of the settlers capable of bearing arms. The entire number in the fort, including women and children, not counting the soldiers, did not exceed thirty souls. The Indians were estimated by those in the fort at from three to five hundred, led by the infamous renegade, Simon GIRTY, as was ascertained seven years after, on the return of a white man, who had been taken prisoner near the station a few days before the attack.

The little garrison, although but a handful compared with the host by which they were assailed, displayed great bravery., in some instances amounting to rashness. During the incessant fire from both sides they frequently, for a moment, exposed their persons above the tops of the pickets, mocking the savages and daring them to come on. Women, as well as men, used every expedient in their power to provoke and invite the enemy. They exhibited the caps of the soldiers above the pickets as marks to be shot at. According to their own accounts they conducted themselves with great folly as well as bravery, though their apparent confidence may have induced the Indians to raise the siege the sooner. When the garrison was in danger of falling short of bullets, the women melted down all their pewter plates and spoons to keep up the supply.

The garrison, though in imminent danger, sustained but little injury. On the first fire the Indians shot into a building called the mill, where the hand-mill was kept for grinding the corn of the neighboring settlers and the garrisen. It stood on a line with and near the block-house, and, being neither chinked nor daubed, the Indians shot between the logs, by which means they killed one man and wounded another.

The body of Abner HUNT, who had been taken prisoner by the Indians few days previous, was found near the fort, shockingly mangled and stripped naked, his head scalped, his brains beaten out, and two war clubs laid across his breast."


==Rebecca== If she was at Dunlap's Station in January 1791, then at least somewhat doubtful she married in Pennsylvania.

Jackie (Chasteen?)

Ask about the tombstone photo - is this his? If so, is it in the St. Charles Cemetary?) 12 &18?

A. Weiser, Gilfillan, Jay - Report of the Commission To Locate The Site of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania: "The Frontier Forts in the Cumberland and Juniata Valleys.", Pages 564-565...


C. Waldman, Carl. [Encyclopedia of Native AmericanTribes]. 1988)

Image:Waldman - Ency of Native Am Tribes.jpg

D. Symmes Purchase: Image:Image:Symmes purchase.jpg John Cleves Symmes, a Congressman and judge from New Jersey,created a company with several of his friends to buy land in the Northwest Territory between the Great Miami and Little Miami Rivers. In 1788, Symmes and his associates requested one million acres of land from Congress, but in the end they were only allowed to purchase about 330,000 acres. President George Washington approved the land patent in 1794. Symmes and his partners paid approximately 67 cents per acre. They were required to follow the same basic requirement as the Ohio Company and Associates: land had to be set aside for a school, for religion, and for the government's use. In addition, a large piece of land was also to be set aside for a university, although Symmes ignored this requirement. The Symmes Purchase was also known as the Miami Purchase. A number of settlements were built in the Symmes Purchase during the early years. Along the Ohio River, settlers built a small community called Losantiville, which later became known as Cincinnati. The government built Fort Washington nearby to protect settlers from Native American attacks. Although the population in the region grew rapidly, Symmes and his associates also faced some controversy. The investors chose not to follow the government survey system, resulting in some confusion over property boundaries and land ownership. In addition, Symmes and his associates founded the community of Dayton on land that was not part of the Symmes Purchase. [source???]

E. Stockades in the wilderness: The frontier defenses and settlements of southwestern Ohio, 1788-1795 CONTRIBUTORS: Author: Scamyhorn, Richard. Author: Steinle, John (b. 1950, d. ----) PUBLISHER: Landfall Press (Dayton, Ohio) YEAR: 1986 PUB TYPE: Book (ISBN 0913428612 [pbk]) PAGES (INTRO/BODY): 167 p. SUBJECT(S): Ohio; Ohio River Valley; History; 1787-1865; To 1795; Fortification; 18th century LC NUMBER: F492 .S33 1986 LANGUAGE: English PUB ID: 102-650-261 (Last edited on 2002/02/27 18:11:59 US/Mountain) Bibliography: p. 158-166.

F. John Reily - My eBooks + Ohio's Founding Fathers by Fred J. Milligan (Paperback - Dec 13, 2003) Price: $23.95 Product Description Arthur St. Clair, Governor of the Northwest Territory, warned friends in Congress that the frontier settlers of Ohio were too indigent and ignorant to form a constitution and government for themselves. This is the story of the men who proved him wrong.The author describes the beginning of Ohio through the lives of its founding fathers. Founding fathers include the thirty-five delegates to the convention held in Chillicothe in November, 1802, which decided that Ohio should become a state and then drafted its first constitution, as well as twenty additional men whose activities before and after the convention round out the story of the state's beginning. Revolutionary War veterans, Indian fighters, eastern aristocrats, Appalachian mountain men, and immigrants from Scotland, Ireland, and England combined their talents to lay the foundation for one of the greatest states in the nation. About the Author Fred J. Milligan has served as general counsel for the Ohio Historical Society for over twenty-five years. He and his wife, who reside in Westerville, Ohio, are descended from Ohio pioneer families. Ohio celebrated its bicentennial of statehood in 2003, and the book was written to honor the memory of the men who made it happen. Product Details Paperback: 336 pages Publisher: IUniverse (December 13, 2003) Language: English ISBN-10: 0595293220 ISBN-13: 978-0595293223 Product Dimensions: 9.2 x 6.1 x 0.8 inches Shipping Weight: 1.1 pounds Pioneer Biography: Sketches of the Lives of Some of the Early Settlers of Butler County, Ohio by James McBride (Paperback - Apr 9, 2009) Price: $25.99

Product Description General Books publication date: 2009 Original publication date: 1871 Original Publisher: R. Clarke --This text refers to an alternate Paperback edition. Product Details Paperback: 366 pages Publisher: BiblioBazaar (April 9, 2009) Language: English ISBN-10: 110389868X ISBN-13: 978-1103898688 Product Dimensions: 8.8 x 5.8 x 0.8 inches Shipping Weight: 1.3 pounds (View shipping rates and policies) Average Customer Review: Be the first to review this item Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #4,564,792 in Books (See Top 100 in Books) More About the Author

› Visit Amazon's James McBride Page Pioneer Biography- inside-reily.jpg Pioneer Biography- inside-dunlap.jpg


"Editing John Reily"

"Creating sandbox for 'red highlighted' page."


H. Mansfield, George C. - Butler Co. History... Elusive John Mansfield, Author E-mail: <> 1 PUBL July 21, 2005 A document authored by Dick Thayer on John Mansfield Eastern Indiana Crum Family web site, Url: 1 PUBL Mid to late 1990s. Site disappeared shortly after I first recorded the information from it.

I. Lane, Clark - Record of the families of the Crums and the Lanes - original settlers of the Northwest Territory ten miles north of the Ohio River and the present Cincinnati (1881 & 1897). Source-footnotes:

1 FILE C:\Documents and Settings\Chris\My Documents\Genealogy\Clark Lane.ged 1 NAME Christopher W. Lane

1 ADDR 41 E. Chestnut Hill Aveue Philadelphia, PA 19118 1 PHON (215) 247-1447

1 NAME Mary /Cronis/ Fort Coleraine (Dunlap's Station), Hamilton Co., Ohio Her son's William, John and David are listed as being among the early settlers at Fort Coleraine, and Mary is listed as being later at Daraugh's Station, so it is likely she moved with her children (including Rebecca) first to Fort Coleraine and then on to Daraugh's Station.

1 NAME David /Crum/ Listed in Nelson's History of Hamilton County (1894) as one of the inhabitants of Dunlap's Station along with his brother William. Fort Coleraine (Dunlap's Station), Hamilton Co., Ohio Listed as being one of early settlers at Fort Coleraine in Nelson's History of Hamilton Co. (1894), along with brothers William and John, and brother-in-law Henry Whitinger.

1 NAME Jacob W. /Crum/ Fort Coleraine (Dunlap's Station), Hamilton Co., Ohio John moved with his family from Pennsylvania to Dunlap's Station, Hamilton Co., Ohio, in 1790. This was located in present-day Coleraine Twsp, just north of Cincinnati on the Great Miami River. Listed as being one of early settlers at Fort Coleraine in Nelson's History of Hamilton Co. (1894), along with brothers David and William, and brother-in-law Henry Whitinger. John probably was captured and adopted by Indians. The story, however, has inconsistencies. There are two main sources: Samuel Hahn's account, recorded in Cist and John Felton's account. The accounts, based on memory, seem to have confused or impossible details. It is even possible it was another John Crum, perhaps a nephew? Samuel Hahn's account and the History of Hamilton County say the capture of John Crum took place at Dunlap's Station (which would make it ca. 1790-91). On the other hand, Wiseman's account of the attack on Dunlap's Station says only that David Gibson was captured, and the Felton account says the John Crum capture took place at Daraugh's Station (making it about 1792), so it is uncertain where this took place. Jacob Felton was a settler at Daraugh's Station. His memoir gives this account: John Crum and his "little" sister went out to play and pick grapes, about 1/4 mile from the Daraugh's Station fort. When his sister grew tired and went back to the fort without John, the settlers went out to find him, but all they found was his hat and moccasin tracks. (This has the problem that Rebecca in 1792 was married, so was not "little" and likely would not have gone out with John to play. This may indicate the event took place earlier, or that there was another unnamed sister, or that Rebecca may have just gone out with John to get grapes). Jacob Felton continues, saying that John was adopted by the Indians. When he was about 12 he was brought back to his natural parents, but he refused to stay. A year later he was brought back again and finally did stay with his natural parents. [This is another problem with the Felton account, for the ages here don't work with our John and John's father was dead by this time.] Samuel Hahn was one of the early settlers of Dunlap's Station, and he gave Cist his account in 1859, for Cist's Sketches and Statistics of Cincinnati. Hahn says the event occurred at Dunlap's Station when John was about 13 . He gives a similar story, saying that John went out to gather grapes with his sisters (multiple?), and h was up a tree after they left, but left his hat at the bottom, which was spotted by a group of five Indians, who took him captive. The following account was posted on the Eastern IN Crum Family web site. It appears to be based on a combination of Felton and Hahn.: "It seems, one day, John and his sister (or sisters according to one source) Rebecca were out in the woods of the Southwestern Ohio region, gathering grapes to eat. John was a lad of 13 at the time. After gathering a certain quantity of grapes, John handed some to his sister Rebecca who then headed towards home. John stayed behind gathering more grapes from a vine in a tree. While in the tree, his hat from the tree to the ground and 5 Miami Indians happened by and saw the hat. Looking up the tree, they instructed him to come down. They captured him and brought him back to their camp where an indian couple adopted him. John was in captivity for 5 years, until, at the age of 18, as a condition of the treaty of Greenville he along with several other captives was released. John was reluctant to go home because he had grown very close to his indian parents; but, the tribe told him where to find his family and he soon joined them. So close was his relationship to his adopted tribe that every year thereafter an Indian chief used to visit John. The next place we see John is when he married Mary Lee, April 10, 1806, in Greene Co., Ohio

1 NAME Rebecca /Goble/ Fort Coleraine (Dunlap's Station), Hamilton Co., Ohio Rebecca was in the fort during the Indian attack and helped with the tasks, such as taking refreshment to the men and perhaps making bullets by melting down spoons and plates. Locations of Dunlap's Station and Darrah's Station on modern map

1 NAME William Cronis /Crumm/ William was said to be killed by Indians in Ohio (cf. George C. Mansfield Butler Co. History), but he did write a will and died but two months later, and there doesn't seem to be any Indian activities that might have caused this in 1822, so this seems like it might be more a nice story thaFort Coleraine (Dunlap's Station), Hamilton Co., Ohio Listed as being one of early settlers at Fort Coleraine in Nelson's History of Hamilton Co. (1894), along with brothers David and John, and brother-in-law Henry Whitinger. He was there by April 1790. Also, said to be among the 11 families that first settled Fort Dunlap was his widowed mother Mary and his sister Rebecca. According to Wiseman's account, William was attacked by Indians along with David Gibson, who was captured, and Thomas Larrison, who with William escaped back to the fort. Samuel Hahn indicates Gibson was captured when out on his own, so Wiseman may have confused two separate events. After the Indian attack in Jan. 1791, all the inhabitant of Dunlap's Station abandoned it to move to North Bend. William was one of the signers of a document sent from Fort Coleraine on January 17, 1791 saying that they were going to leave Fort Coleraine because of the disadvantages cause by the attack of the "Savages." The fort was reestablished the next year, but William seems to have moved on to Daraugh's Station. William was at fort during the Indian attack. About 500 Indians attacked the station, which was defended by Lieutenant Kingsbury, thirteen regulars and about eight to ten armed residents. The Indians attacked on the 10th, tortured a prisoner within sight of the fort that night, then attacked the next day until they heard that reinforcements were coming, when they gave up the attack. The account by Wiseman says the attack was led by Blue Jacket and Simon Girty. William was a scout for General St. Clair during the battle with the Indians on the Wabash in Nov. 1791 and elsewhere. Known as "a red-headed Indian Scout" in Mary Coates Martin's "Colonial Pioneers, Martin and Bell Families and their Kin." Tradition that he was of Scoth-Irish descent. Also tradition that the character of Nathaniel Bumppo in "Leather Stocking Tales" was based on William. William was at Dunlap's Station from about 1790 to 1792, at which time he moved, along with the other settlers, to North Bend and then on to Daraugh's Station He later moved to a property where he set up a farm that he eventually passed on to Abraham. It appears that William Crum, and the other settlers at Dunlap's Station, found that John Dunlap did not have clear title to the land he had sold them. These settlers, however, applied for forfeiture land where the original owner had not made improvements. On 19 April 1798 William received forfeit of the NE corner of Section 4 in Coleraine township, located at what is now the intersection of Springdale and Pippin Roads. He lived there until 1812, when he sold the tract to his older brother Abraham. William built a cabin and married Rosanah Whitinger. He worked for the army located at Fort William as a scout, etc. William was one of the first settlers at Daraugh's Station, which he moved to after leaving Dunlap's Station in the spring of 1792. He was out on a hunting trip with three other men when they heard a group of Indians coming. One of the men, falling behind, was wounded by an Indian, but William stopped and shot the Indian so the man could be got back to the fort. All the settlers survived the fight at the fort that followed. Note that this might have occured at Dunlap's Station a year or s1791 "Plan of a Settlement Call'd Dunlaps Station." Drawn by Lieutenant Bartholomew Shaumurgh. Original located in Josiah Harmar Papers, William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, MI. A manuscript note on the side says that the house roofs were sloped with the lower side facing out and that Lt. Shaumurgh had them modified to they sloped up towards the outside for greater safety. Map showing site of Dunlap's Station. By Richard Scamyhorn from "Stockades In The Wilderness." 2 TITL 1896 aerial view of Dunlap's S Modern map showing site of Dunlap's Station and Darrah's Station.

1 NAME Henry /Whitinger/ Fort Coleraine (Dunlap's Station), Hamilton Co., Ohio Listed in Nelson's History of Hamilton County (1894) as one of the original inhabitants of Dunlap's Station along with his brothers-in-law John, William and David Crum Also a signer of document sent from Fort Coleraine asking for orders on January 17, 1791. Whitinger genealogy says born Butler Co., Ohio, but very unlikely at this early date. Was at Dunlap's Station during Indian attack. Daraugh's Station, Hamilton Co., Ohio Henry left Dunlap's Station in the spring of 1792, going to the settlement of North Bend. Shortly thereafter he moved to Daraugh's Station with others of the original Dunlap's Station settlers. Jacob Felton's memoirs gives an interesting story of "Uncle Henry." He was out with some men at the corn fields when a party of Indians were spotted. Henry was slower than the rest in running back to the fort and he tripped, so he crawled into a bunch of grapevine to hide. He hid until he thought the Indians had gone, but on his way back to the fort he spied an Indian, who turned to run until he saw that Henry was alone, at which time he fired a shot at Henry, but missed. Signatures from document sent from Fort Coleraine asking for orders on January 17, 1791. Includes William Crum and Henry Whitinger.

1 NAME Roseanna /Whitinger/ 1 NAME Rozen /Whitinger/ 1 NAME Roseanna /Crum/ 1 NAME Roseanna /Wick/

1 NAME Roseanne /Whitinger/ After William "was killed by Indians in Ohio," Roseanne took her children to Henry Co., IN, where she was in demand for her medical expertise. "...She had considerable medical knowledge and ability as a nurse and was known for miles around for the success she had in alleviation of pain and in curing diseases by administering curative remidies." From Butte County History by George C. Mansfield. She moved between Jan. 1823 and March 1824, and it was there she remarried. Record of the Lane and Crum families to A.D. 1881.

1 AUTH Lane, Clark 1 PUBL Originally written March 1, 1881, but updated to December 1897."Record of the families of the Crums and of the Lane's-original settlers in the North Western Territory ten miles north of the Ohio River-and the present Cincinnati, (now the State of Ohio and Hamilton Country), ... Typed record in 1897 from original work done in 1881. Lane Manuscript Notes 1 AUTH Lane, John (copied by Warren Wilson Lane) An manuscript note by Warren Wilson Lane "Copied from memoranda written by John Lane (Grandfather) in the spring of 1880 -- shortly before he died." as well as another note copied from a Clark Lane note written in 1881 Christopher lane info.txt

J. History of the Early Settlement of the Juniata Valley Embracing an Account of the Early Pioneers,... 1 AUTH Jones, U.J. 1 PUBL (1857)-1997 Facsimilie reprint of original. From Bedford County web page on U.J. Jones: The legacy that U.J. Jones left to Blair County as a result of his brief years as a resident was the volume, "History Of The Early Settlement Of The Juniata Valley: Embracing An Account Of The Early Pioneers, And The Trials And Privations Incident To The Settlement Of The Valley, Predatory Incursions, Massacres, And Abductions By The Indians During The French And Indian Wars, And The War Of The Revolution, &c." Whether that legacy was a favorable one to the county is very questionable. Mr. Jones started his writing career as a writer of fiction. The book, " Simon Girty ," was his single famous foray into the realm of historical fiction. According to William H. Egle, who edited, added an appendix and republished the " History Of The Early Settlement Of The Juniata Valley," in 1889, Mr. Jones "could tell a local happening in a way that made you read it despite yourself." There was no doubt that Uriah J. Jones could write imaginative narratives, having started his career by writing fiction and traveling with a theatre company for over a year. Mr. Jones noted in the Preface to his 1855 volume that he was induced to write the "History Of The Early Settlement Of The Juniata Valley" because the two history books which had previously been published that dealt with this region had "signally failed" to provide graphic histories of the early settlement of the region......What Uriah J. Jones gave to his readers were historical facts extravagantly spiced with fiction....... Mr. Jones quoted the early pioneers despite the fact that his sources for quotations were five or so elderly individuals, none of whom would have been more than eight or nine years of age when they supposedly heard the remarks they were quoting. Mr. Jones even noted that although Michael Maguire was "enfeebled by age...he gave days, dates, and names, with such ease as almost to stagger belief." when he recalled a particular incident. ….. The information supplied by Mr. Jones has been of some value to historians who followed him because it provided certain routes that could be followed, but the validity of the particulars associated with those routes are indeed suspect. And there is where the wealth of information bequeathed by Mr. Jones led later historians astray. Too many of Jones' fanciful quotes and anecdotes were accepted as pure fact without any checking to verify their validity. Practically each and every history book published after the "History Of The Early Settlement Of The Juniata Valley" quoted that book's information as if it embodied first-hand accounts. In the same way that a virus attacks living matter and then breeds within that living matter, U.J. Jones' version of history infested the subsequent histories that came to be written about this region. So, U.J. Jones' legacy is a bittersweet one. On the one hand, without it much of the information we know about the early years of the county might have been lost, but with it we have an often incorrect version of that information. Jones, Uhriah J. - History of the Early Settlement of the Juniata Valley: Embracing An Account Of The Early Pioneers, And The Trials And Privations Incident To The Settlement Of The Valley, Predatory Incursions, Massacres, And Abductions By The Indians During The French And Indian Wars, And The War Of The Revolution, &c. (1857 & 1997).