User:Quolla6/Old Words

Southwest Virginia Project
In the multitude of counsel there is wisdom.

The following is a set of words used in old documents, being developed from various sources." ________________________________________________________________

Category Term Abbreviation Definition Source
Occupation Accomptant accountant. AOM
Legal Action formal procedure in introducing and carrying through a court suit. AOM
Legal Administration account account of an executor or administrator listing costs of administration, payments to creditors, and sometimes distribution to heirs. AOM
Legal Administratix female administrator. AOM
Legal Administrator In older records, this is a person appointed to settle estate of the deceased. AOM
Legal Affirmation a solemn statement, equivalent by law to an oath, but without religious significance or reference to a Supreme Being. AOM
Medical Ague recurring fever or chills of malaria. AOM
Occupation Amanuensis secretary. AOM
Legal Amerced fined. AOM
Legal Amercement a payment applied to both parties in a civil suit for the privilege of using the courts, more especially to discourage frivilous suits; the losing party paid both amercements. County\ court amercements were thirty pounds of tobacco; those of the provincial court were fifty pounds. AOM
Disease Apoplexy stroke. AOM
Occupation Artificer soldier mechanic. AOM
Legal Assignee person to whom property has been assigned. AOM
Legal Assumpsit a court suit filed when a written or oral contract has been broken AOM
Legal Banns publication or posting of the announcement of a coming marriage, a period of time before the actual marriage to allow advance notice to those that might have reason to protest. In most churches the banns were read aloud on three successive Sundays. AOM
Legal Bequest a gift by will of personal property. AOM
Medical Bilious Fever fever caused by liver disorder. AOM
Legal Bill of complaint a written statement introduced by a plaintiff into court. AOM
Legal Bill of sale an instrument transferring title to personal property from one person to another. AOM
Medical Bloody Flux dysentery. AOM
Medical Bolus a medicinal dose, in the form of a round mass of medicine larger than an ordinary pill. AOM
Food Calavances dried beans or pease used as army-stores, probably a corruption of Spanish "garbanzos". AOM
Legal Capias a writ to take a person into custody. AOM
Occupation Carner granary keeper. AOM
Legal Causa a writ to take a person into custody. Or a court case AOM
Legal Caveat an action used to prevent land from being patented. AOM
Legal Certiorari see Writ of certiorari. AOM
Legal Chancery another term for equity. AOM
Legal Chattels articles of personal property AOM
Legal Circa c., ca. about (for example c. 1790). AOM
Legal Citation a writ commanding a person's presence in court to perform a specific action. AOM
Legal Civil court suit dealing with recovery of private rights or compensation for their infraction, such as nonpayment of debts or claims for damages. AOM
Legal Codicil an addition or supplement to a will. AOM
Legal Common Recovery a court proceeding to break an entail. AOM
Legal Complainant another term for plaintiff. AOM
Legal Consort spouse. AOM
Medical Consumption tuberculosis. AOM
Legal Conveyance transfer of title to land from one person to another. AOM
Legal De bonis non concerning goods not settled by preceding administrator. AOM
Legal Decedent a person who has died AOM
Legal Decree final decision rendered in an equity case. AOM
Legal Dedimus potestatum A legal procedure that permitted one party to take and record the testimony of a witness before trial, but only if that testimony might otherwise be lost, as for example with a witness who was terminally ill and might not live until the trial took place. AOM
Legal Deed an instrument transfering title to land from one person to another. AOM
Legal Deed of trust An instrument transfering title to real or personal property to a trustee in order to secure repayment of money or performance of other conditions. AOM
Legal Demurrer a pleading which acknowledges facts presented but contends they are insufficient to proceed further with the case. AOM
Legal Deponent the person who takes an oath or affirmation. AOM
Legal Deposition sworn, written testimony of a witness. AOM
Legal Desperate debts uncollectable debts. AOM
Legal Devise a gift of land by will. AOM
Legal Docket an abbreviated agenda of court proceedings, outlining papers filed and actions taken. AOM
Legal Dower right The right of a widow to a life estate in one-third of her husband's real estate. AOM
Medical Dropsy swelling of tissue, congestive heart failure. AOM
Legal Duces tecum a form of supoena requesting the transfer to the court of a thing (i.e. a document or some other object) to serve as evidence in a trial. AOM
Legal Ejectment Legal action to regain possession and clear title to real property. AOM
Medical Electuary A medicine usually consisting of a powder mixed with syrup or honey to form a pasty mass. AOM
Legal Emolument refers to all wages, benefits, or other benefit received as compensation for holding some office or employment. AOM
Legal Enfeoff to transfer land. AOM
Legal Entail to transfer land. AOM
Legal Equity court suit involving a matter needing an equitable solution, which cannot be decided on the basis of common or statute law, such as settlement of an estate or divorce. AOM
Legal Escheat Reversion of land to the state (and in colonial Maryland, to Lord Baltimore) for want of heirs. AOM
Legal Essoyned Essoin, Essoign. An excuse for not appearing in court at the return of the process; presentation of such excuse. AOM
Legal Estate the interest anyone has in lands or other property; property composing the assets of a decedent or a ward. AOM
Legal Estrays cattle of unknown owners. AOM
Legal Et alia et al and others AOM
Legal Et uxuor et ux and wife AOM
Legal Execution process of carrying into effect a court judgement or decree. AOM
Legal Executor appointed by testator (deceased) to carry out the direction and request of his will. AOM
Legal Executrix a female executor. AOM
Occupation Farrier horse doctor, blacksmith who shoes horses. AOM
Legal Fee simple unencumbered title to land, clear of restriction or conditions. AOM
Legal Femme Covert married woman. AOM
Legal Femme Sole single woman. AOM
Legal Fieri facias a writ directing property to be seized and sold in order to satisfy a judgement against a debtor. AOM
Occupation Fire-ship prostitute. AOM
Legal Folio page. AOM
Place Glebe church land. AOM
Legal Grant conveyance of right to land, particularly from the proprietor to others. AOM
Legal Grantee person to whom land is deeded. AOM
Legal Grantor person who deeds land. AOM
place Hundreds Hds an old English term for land division equaling a land area of less than a county or shire but larger than a town or parish. AOM
Legal Imparlance time granted by a court to respond to allegations. AOM
Legal In carads encourages. AOM
Legal Instrument legal document. AOM
Legal Intestate person who dies without making a will. AOM
Legal Inventory detailed list of articles or property of a decedent with estimated value. AOM
Legal Jeofail an error or oversight in pleading; the acknowledgement of such an error. AOM
Legal Judgement decision of the court after a case is heard, used particularly in reference to a civil case. AOM
Legal Jurat to swear (latin). The certificate signed and sealed by a notary which is affixed below the sworn or affirmed statement and signature of the deponent. AOM
Legal Legatee a person who recieves personal property by will. AOM
Legal Letters of Administration LTA formal instrument appointing an administrator to settle an estate. AOM
Legal Letters Testamentary authorization granted by a court to administer the estate of a testator. AOM
Legal Liber book. AOM
Legal Locus Sigili in the place of the seal. AOM
Legal Manucaption actual bodily possession. AOM
Legal Manumission act of freeing a person from bondage. AOM
Goods Melilot or Sweet Clover, a fabaceous (bean-like) member of the genus Melilotus. AOM
Legal Moiety one-half. AOM
Legal Nemine Contradicente unanimously; without dissent. AOM
Legal Next Friend a person who acts for the benefit of a minor or married woman in a court suit. AOM
Legal Next of Kin persons most nearly related to a decedent by blood. AOM
Legal Non Compos Mentis not of sound mind. AOM
Legal Nuncupative description of a will orally created, not written. AOM
Place Palatine These were inhabitants of the Palatinate of the Rhine, which was ravaged and almost depopulated by the French armies in 1688, and the following years. For further details see page 10 of the preface in Volume 27. AOM
Legal Patent a grant of priveleges; in Maryland records, a grant of title to land from the proprietor or the state. AOM
Measure Perch land measurement equaling 16.5 feet. AOM
Legal Plaintiff a person who files suit in court. AOM
Occupation Plant shavers tobacco cutters. AOM
Legal Probate the act or process of proving a will; a general term referring to administration of a decedent's estate. AOM
Occupation Prothonotary Clerk of the Court. AOM
Legal Prout petitor prt pet as is asked. AOM
Legal Relict widow or widower. AOM
Legal Renunciation act by which a person abandons rights to serve as an executor, etc. AOM
Legal Replevin an action to recover property taken unlawfully. AOM
Legal Scire Facias a writ to revive or renew a judgement. AOM
Goods Skiddaw imported cloth, known by the name of the area of Cumbria in which it was produced. AOM
Legal Sperate Debts collectable debts. AOM
Thing Stilliards (Steelyards) a portable balance with two unequal arms, the longer with a movable counterpoise, and the shorter with a hook or similar device for holding the object to be weighed. AOM
Medical Sudorific causing or increasing sweat. AOM
Legal Summons a writ notifying a person that legal action has been commenced against him or her. AOM
Legal Supersedeas a suspension of legal proceedings. AOM
Legal Tenant in the broad sense a person who possesses land; in a restricted sense one who rents land. AOM
Legal Testamento will AOM
Legal Testator one who dies leaving a will. AOM
Legal Testatrix female testator. AOM
Legal Testatum Fi Fa a writ for Sheriff to levy judgment against debtor. AOM
Legal Testimony verbal or written evidence given by a witness in court proceedings. AOM
Medical Theriaca Andromachi an antidote for poison, prepared by mixing pulverized drugs with honey to form an electuary. Named for Andromachus, the Greek physician of Roman emporer Nero, who is credited with inventing the antidote. AOM
Legal Trespass on the Case court action taken to recover damages inflicted without force by the defendant, often used for the collection of debts. AOM
Legal Trust an estate held by one person for the benefit of another. AOM
Legal Ut Supra ut sup and above. AOM
Legal Uxor Ux wife. AOM
Legal Voucher receipt, acquittance or release which serves as evidence of payment or discharge or a debt. AOM
Legal Ward a person, usually a minor, placed under the care of a guardian. AOM
Legal Warrant a writ directing an official to take certain action. AOM
Legal Writ legal document issued by a court ordering or prohibiting an action. AOM
Legal Writ of certiorari cert a discretionary writ issued by an appellate court requiring a lower court to deliver a case record for review. Often shortened to 'cert' (e.g. "the Court granted cert"). AOM
List of Sources
AOM Archives of Maryland, Online