Place:Winchelsea, Sussex, England

Alt namesWinchelsea St. Thomas the Apostlesource: ancient parish
TypeParish, Borough
Coordinates50.925°N 0.709°E
Located inSussex, England
Also located inEast Sussex, England    
See alsoHastings Rape, Sussex, Englandrape in which it was located
Winchelsea Hundred, Sussex, Englandhundred in which it was located
Rye Rural, Sussex, Englandrural district 1894-1934
Battle Rural, Sussex, Englandrural district 1934-1956
Icklesham, Sussex, Englandparish in which it was located
Rother District, East Sussex, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Winchelsea is a small town in the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex, located between the High Weald and Romney Marsh, approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of Rye and 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Hastings. The town stands on the site of a medieval town, founded in 1288, to replace an earlier town of the same name, sometimes known as Old Winchelsea, which was lost to the sea. The town is part of the civil parish of Icklesham.

It is claimed by some residents that the town is in fact the smallest town in Britain, as there is a mayor and corporation in Winchelsea, but that claim is disputed by places such as Fordwich in Kent. The mayor of Winchelsea is chosen each year from amongst the members of the corporation, who are known as freemen, rather than being elected by public vote. New freemen are themselves chosen by existing members of the corporation. Thus, in its current form, the corporation is effectively a relic of Winchelsea's days as a "rotten borough" (when Winchelsea elected two MPs but the number of voters was restricted to about a dozen, sometimes fewer).

The corporation lost its remaining civil and judicial powers in 1886 but was preserved as a charity by an Act of Parliament to maintain the membership of the Cinque Port Confederation. The mayor and corporation in Winchelsea now have a largely ceremonial role, together with responsibility for the ongoing care and maintenance of the main listed ancient monuments in the town and the Winchelsea museum.

Winchelsea constitutes neither a local government district, a civil parish nor a charter trustees area.

It has a population of about 600.

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