Place:Wandsworth (metropolitan borough), London, England

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NameWandsworth (metropolitan borough)
Alt namesSpringfield (Wandsworth)source: district of Wandsworth town
Fairfield (Wandsworth)source: district of Wandsworth town
Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworthsource: alternate name
London Borough of Wandsworthsource: alternate name
Wandsworthsource: shortened form (old parish)
TypeVillage, Borough (metropolitan)
Coordinates51.45°N 0.167°W
Located inLondon, England     (1889 - 1965)
Also located inSurrey, England     ( - 1889)
Greater London, England     (1965 - )
See alsoBrixton Hundred, Surrey, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Wandsworth, Surrey, Englandmajor parish from which it was formed in 1889
Clapham, Surrey, Englandparish from which it was formed in 1889
Putney, Surrey, Englandparish from which it was formed in 1889
Streatham, Surrey, Englandparish from which it was formed in 1889
Tooting Graveney, Surrey, Englandparish from which it was formed in 1889
Wandsworth (London Borough), Greater London, EnglandLondon borough covering the area since 1965
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
Former governing body until 1889Later municipality from 1965
Wandsworth, Surrey plus Clapham, Putney, Streatham and Tooting GraveneyLondon Borough of Wandsworth
Former higher level of government until 1889Later higher level of government from 1965
SurreyGreater London
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Wandsworth (on the map #27-both parts) was a metropolitan borough in southwest London from 1900 until 1965 when it was absorbed into the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is situated 4.6 miles (7.4 km) southwest of Charing Cross (a point considered to be the centre of London from which distances are measured).

The central urban part of Wandsworth is known as Wandsworth Town and it is located where the River Wandle enters the River Thames. From 1855 to 1900 Wandsworth was a local government district formed by the Metropolis Management Act 1855 and was governed by the "Wandsworth District Board of Works", which consisted of elected vestrymen. Wandsworth was in Surrey until 1889 and then was transferred to the County of London. From 1900 until 1965 it was the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth. The London Borough of Wandsworth covers a wider area.

Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth

The borough was formed from five civil parishes:

In 1904 these five were combined into a single civil parish called Wandsworth Borough, which was conterminous with the metropolitan borough. Before 1900 these parishes, and also Battersea, which became a separate metropolitan borough, had been administered by the Wandsworth District Board of Works.

The original Wandsworth village (called Wandsworth Town) was located on the River Thames within the ward later named Southfields. Southfields was actually a neighbourhood within Wandworth parish and references to it have been redirected to Wandsworth. Fairfield and Springfield, which are expansions of Wandsworth village to the east and south have been redirected here. Balham (which may be recalled as the subject of the 1970s Peter Sellars sketch "Balham, Gateway to the South") has been redirected to Streatham.

Image:Wandsworth Metro Borough Map 1916.png

Surrey Research Tips

Government

Administrative boundaries of the county of Surrey (Surrey History Centre. The centre has a website with a number of useful indexes--titheholders in various parishes, deaths at the county gaol, etc.)

Registration Districts

  • Registration Districts in Surrey from their introduction in 1837 to the present. By drilling down through the links you can follow any parish through the registration districts to which it was attached.

GENUKI provisions

The website GENUKI provides a very comprehensive list of reference sources for the County of Surrey. It includes:

  • Archives and Libraries
  • Church record availability for both Surrey and the former Surrey part of Greater London
  • 19th century descriptions of the ecclesiastical parishes
  • Lists of cemeteries
  • Local family history societies
  • A list of historic maps online

History

Greater London Research Tips

A reminder that Greater London was formed in 1965 and covers a much greater territory than the County of London formed in 1900. The City of London is only a part of the County of London. A map of the boroughs of Greater London is reproduced on all Greater London borough pages. A map of the boroughs of the County of London is reproduced on all County of London borough pages.

Researching ancestors in London will probably be more successful than researching ancestors in the rest of England, particularly for the period before 1837 and the advent of civil registration. Baptisms, marriages and burials are available online for County of London parishes, and possibly for parishes throughout Greater London as well.

  • Anglican Parishes in London is a wiki here on WeRelate listing the places of worship of the established church throughout London. The churches are grouped within the post-1965 boroughs and for each is the street address, a link to the Booth Map (inner boroughs only), the time span for which the database AIM25 holds records, the FamilySearch Wiki link (see below), the Wikipedia link, and further notes. This is a work-in-progress and not all churches are listed as yet, but it is a guide to a great deal more information on those for which information has been gathered.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. Many of these lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century; some start even earlier.

Maps

  • A street-by-street map of London (both sides of the Thames, and stretching from Limehouse and Stepney in the east to Hyde Park and Kensington in the west) drawn by Edward Mogg in 1806. Blows up to a very readable level.
  • Ordnance Survey map of London 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing London parishes just after the reorganization of 1899. The map was originally drawn over a street map at a scale of 1 inch to the mile and can be blown up to inspect a single borough.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Middlesex 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Middlesex parishes just after the reorganization of 1899 when much of the former area of Middlesex had been transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Surrey 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Surrey parishes (chiefly Southwark) just after the reorganization of 1899 when the most urban parts of Surrey were transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Kent 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Kent parishes just after the reorganization of 1899 when the western part of Kent had been transferred into London.

Registration Districts

  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet. The names of the individual registration districts are "places" within WeRelate and can be used where the only information has been obtained from UKBMD.

Cemeteries

  • Deceased Online includes four of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries (Brompton, Highgate, Kensal Green, and Nunhead) in its inventory of 65 London cemeteries. Transcripts for Abney Park are free with registration online at www.devsys.co.uk/ap/. Ancestry (international subscription necessary) has "London, England, City of London and Tower Hamlets Cemetery Registers, 1841-1966". That leaves West Norwood without comprehensive online access to burial records. (Deceased Online and Ancestry may have increased their provision since this was written in 2016.)

Other online sources

  • See the FamilySearch Wiki under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website and GENUKI has not picked it up.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Wandsworth. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.