Place:Wallingford, Berkshire, England

Watchers
NameWallingford
Alt namesWallingford St. John under the Watersource: from redirect
Wallingford St. Luciansource: ecclesiastical parish
Wallingford St. Martinsource: ecclesiastical parish
Wallingford St. Mary the Lesssource: ecclesiastical parish
Wallingford St. Michaelsource: ecclesiastical parish
Wallingford St. Rumboldsource: ecclesiastical parish
Walengefordsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 37
Walengefortsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 37
Walingefordsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 37
Warengefordsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 37
TypeCivil parish, Borough (municipal)
Coordinates51.617°N 1.133°W
Located inBerkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inOxfordshire, England     (1974 - )
See alsoMoreton Hundred, Berkshire, Englandhundred in which it was located
South Oxfordshire District, Oxfordshire, Englandadministrative district which Wallingford joined when transferred to Oxfordshire
Contained Places
Castle
Wallingford Castle
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wallingford is a historic market town and civil parish located to the south of Oxford on the River Thames in England.

Historically located in the county of Berkshire, it was transferred to Oxfordshire for the purposes of administration in 1974. Wallingford is situated north of Reading, south of Oxford and north west of Henley-on-Thames. The town's population was 11,600 in the 2011 census.[1]

The town has played an important role in English history starting with the surrender of Stigand to William the Conqueror in 1066, which led to his taking the throne and the creation of Wallingford Castle. The castle and the town enjoyed royal status and flourished for much of the Middle Ages. The Treaty of Wallingford, which ended a civil war known as The Anarchy between King Stephen and Empress Matilda, was signed there.

The town then entered a period of decline after the arrival of the Black Death and falling out of favour with the Tudor monarchs before being called on once again during the English Civil War. Wallingford held out as the last remaining Royalist stronghold in Berkshire before surrendering after a 16-week siege. Fearing that Wallingford Castle could be used in a future uprising, Oliver Cromwell ordered its destruction.

Since then Wallingford has become a market town and centre of local commerce. At the centre of the town is a large open market square with the war memorial and 17th century arcaded town hall to the south, the Corn Exchange theatre to the east and numerous shops around the edges. Off the square there are alleyways and streets with more shops and a number of historic inns.

Although it was a small town, Wallingford once had 14 churches; now, there are three ancient churches within the Parish of St Mary-le-More and St Leonard, a modern Roman Catholic church, a Quaker Meeting House dating from 1724 and Baptist, Methodist and community churches.

Wallingford is run by a town council consisting of 16 members. It is part of the South Oxfordshire district and the county of Oxfordshire, having formerly been represented by the Municipal Borough of Wallingford. Its Member of Parliament is Ed Vaizey, and the County Councillor is Lynda Atkins, one of five Independent members of the Oxfordshire County Council.

Wallingford became a civil parish in 1919 when the four ancient parishes of the town were merged.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Wallingford, Oxfordshire.. The sections titled "Geography", "Character and local government", and "History" are of note.

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