Place:Tygarts Valley, Augusta, Virginia, United States

NameTygarts Valley
Alt namesTigers Valley, Augusta, Virginia, United States
TypeInhabited place
Located inAugusta, Virginia, United States     (1753 - 1780)
Also located inMonongalia, West Virginia, United States     (1780 - 1863)
Randolph, West Virginia, United States     (1863 - )


The Tygart Valley was first settled by Europeans in 1753 when David Tygart (for whom the valley and river are named) and Robert Files (or Foyle) located (separately) with their families in the vicinity of present-day Beverly. Although there had been no recent history of conflicts between whites and Indians in that immediate area, that summer a party of Indians traveling the Shawnee Trail discovered the Files cabin and killed seven members of the family. One son escaped and alerted the Tygart family, allowing all to escape. No other white settlement was attempted in present Randolph County until 1772. (It has been thought that Tygart was again among those settling then, but this is not certain).[10]
The brothers John and Samuel Pringle, who had taken up residence along the Buckhannon tributary of the Tygart (in present Upshur County) in 1761, acted as their contemporary Daniel Boone was doing in Kentucky and guided numerous immigrant settlers into the main valley of the Tygart which at that time abounded in game and fertile bottomlands. Settlers of the 1770s and '80s included the Connelly, Hadden, Jackson, Nelson, Riffle, Stalnaker, Warwick, Westfall, Whiteman and Wilson families.[11]
Several minor actions occurred in the Valley during the American Civil War,[12] including the Battle of Philippi, the Battle of Laurel Hill and the Battle of Cheat Mountain, all in 1861.
the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Tygart Valley River — also known as the Tygart River — is a principal tributary of the Monongahela River, approximately long, in east-central West Virginia in the United States. Via the Monongahela and Ohio rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of in the Allegheny Mountains and the unglaciated portion of the Allegheny Plateau.

Petition for Tygarts Valley to be re-assigned to Monongalia County

The Petition of the Inhabitants of Tigers Valley, a part of Augusta County.
To the General Assembly of Virginia.
7 November 1780.
Most Humbly Sheweth.
That Your Petioners leys Westward of the Alighany Mountains, and from the Center of our Settlement One Hundred and Twenty One Miles to our Seat of Justice, which Distance of Road Together with Eight high Mountains and many Rivers and Creeks in the Way to cross which Obstructions often Renders the way unpassible that we have not as yet injoyed the Common Right of our fellow Citizens which we are Sencible You mean not to Deprive us of, and humbly Begs leave to acquaint this House that the Seat of Justice in the County of Monogalia would be much more convenient to us than the Seat of Justice in Augusta County neither are we willing to be laid off in any New Direction that may hereafter be made in Augusta County as we Can not expect that the Seat of Justice in a New Division Could be made Convenient to us and to the People Living in the Interior Settlements as we would have at least Five high Mountains and two Rivers with many other Rapid Streams of Water in our way to any of the Settlements on Potomack or James River Waters. Your Petitioners Humble Desire is that this present Assembly would be Graciously Pleased to add our Settlement of Tigers Vally to Monongalia County as the Distance of Road from the Center of our Settlement is but Ninety Miles to Monongalia County Court House and but one Low Mountain to Cros, and the Waters insiderable Your humble Petitioners Prays, that our Distressed Situation would be taken into your consideration and Relief Granted, and we in Duty Bound Shall ever Pray
Benjamin WilsonJohn I. YocumJoseph Nelson
Abraham KittleMichael ____??Charles Fornelson
Peter P SpringstoneJohn WilsonJoseph Nelson
Robert ClarkThomas X IsenerPeter Hamilton
Jonathan SmithJosph? DonohoWilliam Hamilton
John StalhnackerJohn TrubyDavid Haddan
Solomon RyanNicholas N SmithJohn Haddan
Benjamin HornbeckJonathan BuffingtonCharles McLean
Nicholas N PetroJoseph SummerfeelGeorge G Shavers
Christopher C TrebyMathew LambertWilliam Currance
Valentine StalnakerAbraham SlotsJohn Alexander
James WestfallElijah SlotsJohn Cassity
Henry PetroJoseph FriendPeter Cassity
Aaron RichardsonCornelius WestfallBenjamin Jones
Jacob KittleGeorge Westfall, Jr.George M Breding
Nicholas WolfWilliam WestfallThomas X Price
William WilsonDaniel WestfallJacob Shavers
Thomas FillippsJoseph CrouchPeter P Breding
Jacob X Stalnaker, Jr.George Westfall, SrPeter Shavers
William SmithAlexander MaxwellCornelius Bogart
James LittellThomas X Hoarld??Joseph D Doneaho
William CasatyJames Lecky, JrMoses M Kittle
Aaron VanscoyJacob RiffleRichard K Kittle
Jacob WestfallAndrew A CrouchJohn Crouch, Sr
John Crouch
Jacob Stallnaker, Sr
This is to Certify that I have Been apointed formerly by the Court of Augusta County to Take in the List of Tithables in the District of Tigers Valley and they amounted to No. 86
Benj Wilson
23 October 1780
The above Certifycat of Tithable Done by Colonel Sampson Mathews Directions to me
Benj Wilson
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