Place:Treales Roseacre and Wharles, Lancashire, England

NameTreales Roseacre and Wharles
Alt namesRoseacresource: village in parish
Trealessource: principal village in parish
Trealssource: another spelling
Wharlessource: village in parish
Bolton Housessource: hamlet in parish
Moor Sidesource: hamlet in parish
TypeChapelry, Parish
Coordinates53.789°N 2.85°W
Located inLancashire, England
See alsoAmounderness Hundred, Lancashire, Englandhundred in which it was located
Kirkham, Lancashire, Englandancient parish in which it was located
Fylde Rural, Lancashire, Englandrural district in which the parish was located 1894-1974
Fylde (borough), Lancashire, Englanddistrict municipality which covers the area since 1974
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Treales Roseacre and Wharles (#19 on map) is a civil parish in the Borough of Fylde in the county of Lancashire in England. In the UK census of 2011 it had a population of 492. It lies some two miles east of Kirkham. The parish includes the villages of Bolton Houses, Moor Side, Roseacre (pronounced "Roz-aker"), Treales ("Trails") and Wharles ("Whar-les"). Prior to 1974 it was part of the Fylde Rural District.

As stated by Wilson in his Gazetteer (see below), Treals was the principal settlement of the parish and was a chapelry in the ancient parish of Kirkham. It became a civil parish in 1866, changing its name to Treales Roseacre and Wharles at the same time. (NOTE: the parish is described by Wikipedia and other references as "Treales, Roseacre and Wharles" but WeRelate does not allow commas in its database of places.)

The following description from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72 is provided by the website A Vision of Britain Through Time (University of Portsmouth Department of Geography).

"TREALS, a township-chapelry, with three hamlets, in Kirkham [ancient] parish, Lancashire; near Kirkham [railway] station. Post town, Kirkham, under Preston. Acres: 4,015. Real property: £5,321. Population: 632. Houses: 120. The manor belongs to the Earl of Derby. The living is a [perpetual] curacy in the diocese of Manchester. Value: £100. Patron: the Vicar of Kirkham. The church was built in 1856; the parsonage, in 1863. There are an endowed school, and charities £10."
Image:Fylde RD circa 1894 no titles.png

Research Tips

  • See the Wikipedia articles on parishes and civil parishes for descriptions of this lowest rung of local administration. The original parishes (known as ancient parishes) were ecclesiastical, under the jurisdiction of the local priest. A parish covered a specific geographical area and was sometimes equivalent to that of a manor. Sometimes, in the case of very large rural parishes, there were chapelries where a "chapel of ease" allowed parishioners to worship closer to their homes. In the 19th century the term civil parish was adopted to define parishes with a secular form of local government. In WeRelate both civil and ecclesiastical parishes are included in the type of place called a "parish". Smaller places within parishes, such as chapelries and hamlets, have been redirected into the parish in which they are located. The names of these smaller places are italicized within the text.
  • Rural districts were groups of geographically close civil parishes in existence between 1894 and 1974. They were formed as a middle layer of administration between the county and the civil parish. Inspecting the archives of a rural district will not be of much help to the genealogist or family historian, unless there is need to study land records in depth.
  • Civil registration or vital statistics and census records will be found within registration districts. To ascertain the registration district to which a parish belongs, see Registration Districts in Lancashire, part of the UK_BMD website.
  • Lancashire Online Parish Clerks provide free online information from the various parishes, along with other data of value to family and local historians conducting research in the County of Lancashire.
  • FamilySearch Lancashire Research Wiki provides a good overview of the county and also articles on most of the individual parishes (very small or short-lived ones may have been missed).
  • Ancestry (international subscription necessary) has a number of county-wide collections of Church of England baptisms, marriages and burials, some from the 1500s, and some providing microfilm copies of the manuscript entries. There are specific collections for Liverpool (including Catholic baptisms and marriages) and for Manchester. Their databases now include electoral registers 1832-1935. Another pay site is FindMyPast.
  • A map of Lancashire circa 1888 supplied by A Vision of Britain through Time includes the boundaries between the parishes and shows the hamlets within them.
  • A map of Lancashire circa 1954 supplied by A Vision of Britain through Time is a similar map for a later timeframe.
  • GENUKI provides a website covering many sources of genealogical information for Lancashire. The organization is gradually updating the website and the volunteer organizers may not have yet picked up all the changes that have come with improving technology.
  • The Victoria County History for Lancashire, provided by British History Online, covers the whole of the county in six volumes (the seventh available volume [numbered Vol 2] covers religious institutions). The county is separated into its original hundreds and the volumes were first published between 1907 and 1914. Most parishes within each hundred are covered in detail. Maps within the text can contain historical information not available elsewhere.
  • A description of the township of Treales Roseacre and Wharles from British History Online (Victoria County Histories), published 1912
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Treales, Roseacre and Wharles. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.